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Choosing the Right Equipment. Lesson One. Introduction. Choose the right equipment to produce healthy and safe food. Production equipment is a key tool in serving quality food. Equipment is used to process and deliver food to customers.

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Choosing the right equipment l.jpg

Choosing the Right Equipment

Lesson One

NATIONAL FOOD SERVICE MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

Using Equipment Safely and Efficiently


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Introduction

  • Choose the right equipment to produce healthy and safe food.

  • Production equipment is a key tool in serving quality food. Equipment is used to process and deliver food to customers.

  • Choosing the right equipment for the job provides the best results.

NATIONAL FOOD SERVICE MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

Using Equipment Safely and Efficiently


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Lesson Objectives

  • Identify equipment used for different menu items

  • Differentiate between moist and dry heat cooking methods

NATIONAL FOOD SERVICE MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

Using Equipment Safely and Efficiently


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Let’s get started…

  • What are the types of cooking methods used to prepare these menu items?

  • How is the equipment selected to prepare each item?

  • How might the equipment change the quality, nutritional value, or safety of the food?

  • How might the menu item be prepared to be more appealing to students?

NATIONAL FOOD SERVICE MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

Using Equipment Safely and Efficiently


Equipment is used to process and deliver food from the food service operation to customers l.jpg
Equipment is used to process and deliver food from the food service operation to customers.

NATIONAL FOOD SERVICE MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

Using Equipment Safely and Efficiently


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Choosing the wrong piece of equipment can: service operation to customers.

  • Lower nutritional value

  • Affect food safety

  • Change food color

  • Change mouth feel or taste

  • Result in low yield

  • Make the job more difficult

  • Increase cleanup

  • Impact safety

NATIONAL FOOD SERVICE MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

Using Equipment Safely and Efficiently


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Cooking Methods service operation to customers.

  • Which of the cooking methods do you often use at home?

  • What piece of equipment do you feel most comfortable using?

  • What piece of equipment do you feel we should spend time investigating?

NATIONAL FOOD SERVICE MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

Using Equipment Safely and Efficiently


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DRY HEAT COOKING service operation to customers.

  • Baking

  • Roasting

  • Broiling

  • Pan broiling

  • Grilling

  • Frying

  • Sautéing

NATIONAL FOOD SERVICE MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

Using Equipment Safely and Efficiently


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Dry Heat Cooking service operation to customers.

  • Food cooked without water

  • Best suited for meat that is tender

  • Used for bakery products

  • Overcooking product will cause it to be dry with a low yield

  • Check the internal temperature with a calibrated thermometer

NATIONAL FOOD SERVICE MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

Using Equipment Safely and Efficiently


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Frying (A Dry Heat Method) includes service operation to customers.

  • Surface frying

  • Deep fat frying

  • Stir-frying

NATIONAL FOOD SERVICE MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

Using Equipment Safely and Efficiently


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Some important points about frying: service operation to customers.

  • Cooking food with hot oil or fat

  • Fat caramelizes the food

  • Some food items are blanched. This means that food is coated with fat prior to freezing.

  • Fry at the recommended temperature. Low oil temperature increases fat absorption in food and makes the food product soggy.

NATIONAL FOOD SERVICE MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

Using Equipment Safely and Efficiently


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MOIST HEAT COOKING service operation to customers.

  • Steaming

  • Braising

  • Boiling/Poaching

  • Stewing

NATIONAL FOOD SERVICE MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

Using Equipment Safely and Efficiently


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Moist Heat Cooking service operation to customers.

  • Food cooked with the addition of water or other liquid

  • Appropriate for less tender cuts of meat

  • Original moist heat cooking was in the stockpot

  • Generally uses lower temperatures and longer cooking times

  • Check the internal temperature of food with a calibrated thermometer

NATIONAL FOOD SERVICE MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

Using Equipment Safely and Efficiently


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Steaming service operation to customers. (A Moist Heat Method)

  • Speeds up the cooking process

  • Produces a moist product

  • Makes food tender

  • Produces a high yield

  • Supports batch cooking for control and quality

  • Used for reheating

  • Retains nutrients

NATIONAL FOOD SERVICE MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

Using Equipment Safely and Efficiently


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Conclusion service operation to customers.

Equipment and cooking method selection are two of the most important elements of producing healthy food.

NATIONAL FOOD SERVICE MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

Using Equipment Safely and Efficiently


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