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Chapter Five. Managing Speech Anxiety. Chapter Five. Table of Contents What Causes Public Speaking Anxiety? Pinpointing the Onset of PSA Strategies for Getting Started with Confidence. Managing Speech Anxiety.

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Chapter Five

Managing Speech Anxiety


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Chapter Five

Table of Contents

  • What Causes Public Speaking Anxiety?

  • Pinpointing the Onset of PSA

  • Strategies for Getting Started with Confidence


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Managing Speech Anxiety

Seasoned public speakers are more practiced at making speech anxiety work for, and not against, them.


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What Causes Public Speaking Anxiety?

  • Public speaking anxiety (PSA): the fear associated with either actual or anticipated communication to an audience as a speaker.


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What Causes Public Speaking Anxiety?

  • Lack of Experience

  • Feeling Different

  • Being the Center of Attention


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What Causes Public Speaking Anxiety? Lack of Experience

  • Anxiety is a natural reaction to new experiences.


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What Causes Public Speaking Anxiety?Feeling Different

  • Almost everyone experiences nervousness about giving a speech.

  • Novice speakers become anxious because they worry that being unique also means being inferior


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What Causes Public Speaking Anxiety?Being the Center of Attention

  • You see yourself more critically than the audience

  • Actually, audiences notice little about us that we don’t want to reveal.


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Pinpointing the Onset of Public Speaking Anxiety

The onset of PSA can occur at different times

  • Pre-Preparation Anxiety

  • Preparation Anxiety

  • Pre-Performance Anxiety

  • Performance Anxiety


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Pinpointing the Onset of Public Speaking Anxiety:Pre-Preparation Anxiety

  • Pre-preparation anxiety

    anxiety felt the minute a person knows they will be giving a speech


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Pinpointing the Onset of Public Speaking Anxiety:Preparation Anxiety

  • Preparation anxiety

    Anxiety felt as a person begins to prepare, feeling overwhelmed by the speech writing process


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Pinpointing the Onset of Public Speaking Anxiety:Pre-Performance Anxiety

  • Pre-performance anxiety occurs when people rehearse their speech. They may realize their ideas don’t sound as focused or interesting as they should.


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Pinpointing the Onset of Public Speaking Anxiety:Performance Anxiety

  • The majority of people experience performance anxiety, or anxiety just before speaking begins.


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Strategies for Getting Started with Confidence

  • The surest route to gaining confidence is through preparation and practice.


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Strategies For Getting Started With Confidence

  • Prepare and Practice

  • Modify Thoughts and Attitudes

  • Visualization

  • Use Relaxation Techniques

  • Depersonalize the Speech Evaluation

  • Seek Pleasure in the Occasion


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Strategies for Getting Started With Confidence:Prepare and Practice

  • If you are confident that you know the material and have adequately rehearsed then you’ll feel more confident at the podium.


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Strategies for Getting Started With Confidence:Modify Thoughts And Attitudes

  • Regard your speech as a valuable activity.

  • Remind yourself why public speaking is a good skill to have

  • View public speaking as an opportunity, not a threat.


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Strategies for Getting Started With Confidence:Visualization

  • Visualizing:mentally seeing yourself give a successful speech


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Strategies for Getting Started With Confidence:Use Relaxation Techniques

  • Stress-Control Breathing: the center of breathing is felt on the stomach rather than on the chest

    • Stage One: inhale air and let your abdomen go out. Exhale air and let your abdomen go in.

    • Stage Two: as you inhale, use a soothing word such as “calm” or “relax.”


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Strategies for Getting Started With Confidence:Use Relaxation Techniques

  • Practice some controlled, natural gestures that might be useful in enhancing your speech


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Strategies for Getting Started With Confidence:Use Relaxation Techniques

  • Walk around as you make some of your points

  • Movement relieves tension, and holds the audience’s attention.


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Strategies for Getting Started With Confidence:Depersonalize The SpeechEvaluation

  • Focus on the message

    • It will lessen your anxiety

    • It reminds you of your speech purpose.

  • Think of your speech as a conversation instead of a performance.


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Strategies for Getting Started With Confidence:Seek Pleasure in the Occasion

  • Giving a speech can be satisfying and empowering


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