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Chapter 16 Creating Desktop Video and Animation. Getting Started. In this Chapter, you will learn: What is digital audio How to transfer video footage to your computer How to edit a digital video How to finalize a video for DVDs, Web sites, and other uses. Getting Started.

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getting started
Practical PC 5th Edition Chapter 16Getting Started
  • In this Chapter, you will learn:
    • What is digital audio
    • How to transfer video footage to your computer
    • How to edit a digital video
    • How to finalize a video for DVDs, Web sites, and other uses
getting started3
Practical PC 5th Edition Chapter 16Getting Started
  • In this Chapter, you will learn (continued):
    • About the most popular video formats
    • About codec
    • About animation
    • About Hardware: PC display devices
what is digital video
Practical PC 5th Edition Chapter 16What is digital video?

Video is a series of still frames projected at a rate fast enough to appear to have continuous motion

Digital video uses bits to store color and brightness data for each pixel in each frame

Easy to post, view, and download digital videos

Maintains quality no matter how many times copied

Easily manipulated on a personal computer

Store on CDs, DVDs, videotapes, memory cards, or the Web

Display on a computer screen with video player software

how do i transfer video footage to my computer
Practical PC 5th Edition Chapter 16How do I transfer video footage to my computer?

The video must be on your hard disk to view and edit

Digital camera: Connect camera to computer with cable and use video editing software to edit photos and control data transfer

VHS tape, analog video camera, or television broadcast: Convert into digital data stream using video capture device

DVDs: DVD ripping and decryption software can convert, decrypt, and copy your DVD to your PC

Cell phone: Connect cell phone using cable or e-mail the video to computer

how do i edit a digital video
Practical PC 5th Edition Chapter 16How do I edit a digital video?

Video editing software helps cut unwanted frames, add special effects, arrange segments, overlay a soundtrack, and designate transitions

Wide variety of video-editing software available

To edit a digital video

Open your video editing software

Import any files you want in the final video

Drag the elements onto a timeline

Add transfer effects, if desired

Add titles and other special effects

how do i finalize my video for dvds web sites and other uses
Practical PC 5th Edition Chapter 16How do I finalize my video for DVDs, Web sites, and other uses?

Video settings depend on intended use

Some software allows you to select a use:

Sending as an e-mail attachment

Posting on Web

Viewing from hard disk

You can also manually select settings:

Aspect ratio refers to relative height and width of video frame

Display size corresponds to the resolution of video window

Frame rate is number of frames displayed per second

Videos intended for DVD use need to be laid out in DVD-Video format

what are the most popular video formats
Practical PC 5th Edition Chapter 16What are the most popular video formats?

There is no standard file format. Digital video file formats, sometimes called container formats, are a receptacle for video elements

Quick Time Movie (MOV): Apple QuickTime Player

Advanced System Format (ASF): Windows Media Video

Audio Video Interleave (AVI): An original format; used with open source players

MPEG (MP4 & M4V): Variety of formats; used by iTunes store

Flash Video (FLV): Proprietary video format used on YouTube, CNN.com, and other Web sites; uses .flv and .swf extensions

RealMedia: RealPlayer multimedia software; .rm extension

Video Object File (VOB): Used with commercial DVDs

Videos can be converted from one format to another using a process called transcoding

what s a codec
Practical PC 5th Edition Chapter 16What’s a codec?
  • Codec (compressor/decompressor) is software that compresses video stream when stored and decompresses it when played
  • Locate and download the appropriate codec to view a video
  • Each codec uses a unique algorithm to shrink the file
    • Compression ratio indicates the ratio of compressed data to uncompressed data
    • Bit rate refers to the amount of data transferred per second
    • Lower bit rates download smoother but are usually lower quality than high bit rates
what about animation
Practical PC 5th Edition Chapter 16What about animation?
  • Animation is a sequence of 3-D images in which one or more objects are changed between frames
    • In hand-drawn animation, a chief artist draws keyframes and then assistants create the in-between images (24 images per second)
    • With computer animation, a computer creates the in-between images
  • Graphics design companies use 3-D animation techniques to produce films, such as Toy Story
  • You can create 3-D animations by using software, which is available in varying degrees of complexity and price levels
hardware pc display devices
Practical PC 5th Edition Chapter 16Hardware: PC display devices
  • PC display device, such as an LCD display or a CRT, provides feedback about what’s going on as you use your PC
    • Everything on your screen is produced by dots of light called pixels
  • Clarity of image depends on the quality of the source image and the capabilities of the display equipment
    • CRT (cathode ray tube) monitor is the least expensive. CRT monitors are dependable, relatively inexpensive, but are large and heavy, making them inconvenient
    • LCD (liquid crystal display) are used on notebook computers. They are compact, lightweight, have low power requirements, and have a clear, bright image
    • LCD monitors are available for desktop PC’s as a “flat panel display” incorporating an LCD panel in a free-standing case
hardware pc display devices14
Practical PC 5th Edition Chapter 16Hardware: PC display devices

CRT (left) and LCD (right) display devices

hardware pc display devices15
Practical PC 5th Edition Chapter 16Hardware: PC display devices
  • Factors that effect the monitor’s quality and price:
    • Screen size: measured diagonally, standard sizes include 15”, 17”, 19” and 21”
    • Viewable image size (vis): measured diagonally, area that actually displays the image
    • Dot pitch: distance between dots of colored light that display image on screen. Most of today’s monitors have a .28 to a .24 dot pitch
    • Screen resolution: size of the pixel grid. The minimum is 640 x 480. Higher resolutions allow you to view larger documents or graphics, but text becomes smaller and harder to read
hardware pc display devices16
Practical PC 5th Edition Chapter 16Hardware: PC display devices
  • Display device connects to a socket in the back of your PC called a video port
  • Graphics card converts data from your PC’s processor into electronic signals for a display device
    • Graphics circuitry, or shared video memory, is integrated on the computer’s system board
    • Stand-alone graphics card is a separate circuit board that can be installed inside the system unit
  • Graphics cards are also referred to as video cards, graphics adapters, or display adapters
  • Basic graphics card is suitable for most applications
  • For 2-D and 3-D graphics, video editing, desktop publishing, and computer games, you might want a graphics card with extra memory or graphics acceleration
hardware pc display devices17
Practical PC 5th Edition Chapter 16Hardware: PC display devices
  • Graphics cards contain a graphics processing unit (GPU) and video RAM where images are constructed before being sent to the display
  • Each pixel in an image requires storage space, which can limit the resolution and color depth available on your PC
  • Graphics accelerator cards have specially designed accelerator circuitry that speeds up specific 2-D and 3-D graphics operations
dead celebrities live again
Practical PC 5th Edition Chapter 16Dead celebrities live again
  • What do you think?
    • Have you seen deceased celebrities featured in any recent TV ads or films?
    • Do you think that multimedia developers should have the right to create a digital character by digitizing a celebrity look-alike?
    • Should laws prohibit the creation of digital characters based on the composite traits of several deceased celebrities?
chapter summary
Practical PC 5th Edition Chapter 16Chapter Summary
  • You should now know:
    • About digital audio
    • How to transfer video footage to your computer
    • How to edit a digital video
    • How to finalize a video for DVDs, Web sites, and other uses
chapter summary20
Practical PC 5th Edition Chapter 16Chapter Summary
  • You should now know (continued):
    • What are the most popular video formats
    • What’s a codec
    • About animation
    • About PC display devices
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