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Avian Influenza: Surveillance of Wild Birds. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. H. Dale Hall, Director U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The National Strategy. Preparedness and Communication Surveillance and Detection Response and Containment.

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Avian Influenza:Surveillance of Wild Birds

U.S. Department of the Interior

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

H. Dale Hall, Director

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service


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The National Strategy

  • Preparedness and Communication

  • Surveillance and Detection

  • Response and Containment


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Other USFWS Roles Within The National Strategy

  • Protecting public and employee health on Service lands

  • Regulating trade in wildlife and

    wildlife products

  • Smuggling interdiction


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Interagency Strategic Plan

  • Surveillance and Detection

  • Live birds

  • Hunter taken birds

  • Investigation of mortality events



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Flyway Councils

  • Migratory bird management within each flyway by the Flyway Councils

  • FWS will work with each Flyway Council to step down national strategic plan

  • Individual flyway states will step down plan to state-level surveillance plans


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Live Bird Surveillance

  • FWS biologists and cooperators will collect samples from live-captured migratory birds

  • Collections will be made as part of current FWS and USGS monitoring work

  • New field stations will be set-up in remote locations


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Hunter-Taken Bird Surveillance

  • Waterfowl check stations are used in waterfowl harvest estimates

  • Provide an opportunity to collect additional samples

  • Alaska subsistence hunting sampling will occur in Spring

  • Sampling will also occur during hunting seasons in areas where migratory birds stage during migration or over-winter


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Sick or Dead Bird Investigation

  • Enhanced and systematic investigation of sick or dead wild birds offers another opportunity for detection

  • FWS increasing in-house capability and that of state wildlife partners

  • Focus primarily on Alaska, Pacific Flyway, and the Pacific Islands


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Sick or Dead Bird Investigation

Success of the surveillance strategy depends on:

  • Early detection of sickness and death

  • Immediate assessment of the field event (descriptive epidemiology)

  • Rapid reporting and submission of appropriate biological specimens to USGS

  • Rapid, accurate, and consistent diagnosis and confirmation

  • Immediate reporting of diagnostic results

  • Pre-planned contingency and response training



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