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Public Speaking. Types of Communication. Public Communciation– Communication involving one speaker or a group of presenters talking to an audience. Small Group – communication within a group who has shared interest or purpose; usually from 4-7 people

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Presentation Transcript

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Types of Communication

  • Public Communciation– Communication involving one speaker or a group of presenters talking to an audience.

  • Small Group – communication within a group who has shared interest or purpose; usually from 4-7 people

  • Interpersonal Communication- communication Between two people

  • Intrapersonal Communication- Comm. within yourself


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Purpose of Speaking

  • Informative – A speech that is intended to increase listeners’ knowledge of a subject.

  • Persuasive – A communication process with a goal of influencing other people.

  • Entertain – A speech that is intended to entertain an audience; usually carries some message

  • Motivate – A speech that is intended to move people to action


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Ways In Which We Deliver Speeches

  • Extemporaneous – With notes/ outline, thought out before hand

  • Impromptu – Spur of the moment; no preparation

  • Manuscript – Written out word for word

  • Memorized – No script/memorized word for word


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Extemporaneous

  • Pro

  • -Organized

  • -Change up for audience

  • -Eye contact

  • -Natural

  • Con

  • -Flow might be ridged

  • -Might forget something


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Impromptu

  • Pro

  • -Fresh

  • -Respond to audience

  • -Personal

  • Con

  • -Not organized

  • -No facts

  • -Might forget

  • -Not formal


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Manuscript

  • Pro

  • -Organization

  • -Flows well

  • -Timed

  • -Detailed

  • Con

  • -Not natural

  • -Disconnected from audience

  • -Limited eye contact


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Memorized

  • Con

  • -Forget

  • -Stumble on words

  • Pro

  • -Organized

  • -Eye contact

  • -Move around, contact with audience

  • -Facial expression



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demographic information

  • Age,

  • socioeconomic status,

  • background,

  • gender


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Stance on Issue

1.Supportive Audience

They are friendly & will like to listen to what you say.

Main objective is to reinforce what they say.


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Stance on issue- cont.

  • 2.Uncommitted audiences

    • -An audience that is neutral about the speaker’s topic.

    • Main objective is to be continuing


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Stance on issue- cont.

  • 3.Indifferent audiences

    • - Audience that is apathetic or disinterested in the speaker and his topic. The audience does not find the topic relevant to their personal info, bored.

    • Main objective is to get them interested in what you say.


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Stance on issue- cont.

  • 4.Opposed audience

    • -An audience that is hostile to the speaker & speaker’s topic.

    • Main objective is to get a fair hearing from the audience.


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Knowledge of Subject

  • Minimal – need to cover background information

  • Medium- can assume some background information is known, but should quickly review

  • High- Can use technical terms and get quickly to point


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Language

  • What type of language would audience relate to?

    • Jargon- Technical words, subject specific

    • Colloquialism- Geographical specific words

    • Formal or informal language


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