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Public Speaking. Types of Communication. Public Communciation– Communication involving one speaker or a group of presenters talking to an audience. Small Group – communication within a group who has shared interest or purpose; usually from 4-7 people

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Presentation Transcript
types of communication
Types of Communication
  • Public Communciation– Communication involving one speaker or a group of presenters talking to an audience.
  • Small Group – communication within a group who has shared interest or purpose; usually from 4-7 people
  • Interpersonal Communication- communication Between two people
  • Intrapersonal Communication- Comm. within yourself
purpose of speaking
Purpose of Speaking
  • Informative – A speech that is intended to increase listeners’ knowledge of a subject.
  • Persuasive – A communication process with a goal of influencing other people.
  • Entertain – A speech that is intended to entertain an audience; usually carries some message
  • Motivate – A speech that is intended to move people to action
ways in which we deliver speeches
Ways In Which We Deliver Speeches
  • Extemporaneous – With notes/ outline, thought out before hand
  • Impromptu – Spur of the moment; no preparation
  • Manuscript – Written out word for word
  • Memorized – No script/memorized word for word
extemporaneous
Extemporaneous
  • Pro
  • -Organized
  • -Change up for audience
  • -Eye contact
  • -Natural
  • Con
  • -Flow might be ridged
  • -Might forget something
impromptu
Impromptu
  • Pro
  • -Fresh
  • -Respond to audience
  • -Personal
  • Con
  • -Not organized
  • -No facts
  • -Might forget
  • -Not formal
manuscript
Manuscript
  • Pro
  • -Organization
  • -Flows well
  • -Timed
  • -Detailed
  • Con
  • -Not natural
  • -Disconnected from audience
  • -Limited eye contact
memorized
Memorized
  • Con
  • -Forget
  • -Stumble on words
  • Pro
  • -Organized
  • -Eye contact
  • -Move around, contact with audience
  • -Facial expression
demographic information
demographic information
  • Age,
  • socioeconomic status,
  • background,
  • gender
stance on issue
Stance on Issue

1.Supportive Audience

They are friendly & will like to listen to what you say.

Main objective is to reinforce what they say.

stance on issue cont
Stance on issue- cont.
  • 2.Uncommitted audiences
    • -An audience that is neutral about the speaker’s topic.
    • Main objective is to be continuing
stance on issue cont13
Stance on issue- cont.
  • 3.Indifferent audiences
    • - Audience that is apathetic or disinterested in the speaker and his topic. The audience does not find the topic relevant to their personal info, bored.
    • Main objective is to get them interested in what you say.
stance on issue cont14
Stance on issue- cont.
  • 4.Opposed audience
    • -An audience that is hostile to the speaker & speaker’s topic.
    • Main objective is to get a fair hearing from the audience.
knowledge of subject
Knowledge of Subject
  • Minimal – need to cover background information
  • Medium- can assume some background information is known, but should quickly review
  • High- Can use technical terms and get quickly to point
language
Language
  • What type of language would audience relate to?
    • Jargon- Technical words, subject specific
    • Colloquialism- Geographical specific words
    • Formal or informal language
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