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Protesting Underdevelopment: The Maritime Rights Movement and Outmigration. Development Studies 202. Lecture Outline. The Maritime Rights Movement Outmigration. MRM’s Demands. 1. Subsidies to Intercolonial Railway 2. Maritime ports as Canada’s winter ports

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Protesting Underdevelopment: The Maritime Rights Movement and Outmigration

Development Studies 202


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Lecture Outline and Outmigration

  • The Maritime Rights Movement

  • Outmigration


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MRM’s Demands and Outmigration

  • 1. Subsidies to Intercolonial Railway

  • 2. Maritime ports as Canada’s winter ports

  • 3. Trade policy – internal divisions


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MRM Tactics and Outmigration

  • Political lobbying

  • Public appeals


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Political Lobbying and Outmigration

  • 1921 Election:

    • NS: All seats

    • PEI All seats

    • NB: More divided – Liberals win big in Acadian/French ridings while Conservatives win small in English ridings

    • Result is most Maritime MPs are Liberals: 25 of 31 seats.


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Public Appeal and Outmigration

  • Speaking Tours

  • Newspaper Articles

  • Problem not regional, but national

  • The coal problem


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Political Action again and Outmigration

  • 1925 election:

  • Maritime reversal – Conservatives win:

    • NS: 11 of 14

    • NB: 10 of 11

    • PEI: 2 of 4

  • Liberals still control House through a minority, but this leads to Duncan Commission


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Duncan Commission Recommendations and Outmigration

  • 1. Increased subsidies

  • 2. Lower freight rates

  • 3. Improve ports

  • 4. Ignores trade policy questions

  • These recommendations designed to fix the underdevelopment of the Maritime region – but lead to protests and are implemented in a weaker, temporary format


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Outmigration and Outmigration

  • Between 1890 and 1900 the population of the Maritimes grew from roughly 880 000 to 893 000. This means there was in increase of 13 000 people in the regional population.

  • During this decade 75 000 immigrants landed in either Saint John or Halifax, of which 17 000 elected to stay in the region.

  • Even with a natural population growth rate of 0 percent, the Maritime population should have grown by at least these 17 000 immigrants.


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Outmigration and Outmigration

  • Maritimers in US States in 1880

    • 1. Mass: 44,926

    • 2. Maine: 17,849

    • 3. California: 5,388

    • 4. Minn: 4,187

    • 5. NY: 3,448


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