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Farzia Hausil NIMOS Legal Advisor. Sustainable Development Policy in Suriname. Table of content. Kyoto Protocol and SD General SD Criteria. Suriname: Constitution Government Policy (Regeringsverklaring, MOP, beleidsnota ATM) Belize SD criteria Brazil SD criteria EIA Suriname

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Farzia Hausil NIMOS Legal Advisor

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Farzia HausilNIMOSLegal Advisor

Sustainable Development Policy in Suriname


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Table of content

  • Kyoto Protocol and SD

  • General SD Criteria.

  • Suriname:

  • Constitution

  • Government Policy (Regeringsverklaring, MOP, beleidsnota ATM)

  • Belize SD criteria

  • Brazil SD criteria

  • EIA Suriname

  • Conclusion


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Kyoto Protocol and SD

  • Article 12 Kyoto Protocol: The purpose of the clean development mechanism shall be to assist Parties not included in Annex I in achieving sustainable development and in contributing to the ultimate objective of the Convention, and to assist Parties included in Annex I in achieving compliance with their quantified emission limitation and reduction commitments under Article 3.

  • CDM strives to promote sustainable development in developing countries

  • CDM integrates CC and SD.


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Kyoto Protocol and SD

  • Proposed CDM project activity must be approved by host country

  • Procedural requirements: the project’s conformity to the national sustainable development criteria.

  • Three dimensions: economic, environment and social dimension


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General SD Criteria.


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Constitution Suriname

  • Article 6g: protection of nature and ecological balance.

  • Investment in compliance with national development goals, interest of all, openbare orde, health etc.


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SD Policy in Suriname

  • Government Policy (Regeringsverklaring 2005-2010):

  • Basic document for policy for 5 years

  • Key elements of policy:

  • Good governance

  • Education

  • Health

  • Labour

  • Production

  • Environment

  • Energy


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SD Policy in Suriname

  • Pillars: economic -, social development and a just distribution of wealth

  • Policy priorities:

  • Guarantee minimal social security

  • Make accessible social securities

  • An equitable distribution of income

  • Public participation

  • Sustainable exploitation production sectors


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SD Policy in Suriname

  • Policy document Ministry ATM:

  • Mission: Sustainable development through

  • increase job opportunities

  • Use environmental friendly technologies

  • Protection environment

    Policy priorities:

  • Human resource

  • Protection and management of environment


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Belize Sustainable Development Criteria

Environmental

  • Project should be compatible with and supportive of national environment and development priorities, they must abide by existing legal requirements (laws, regulations, permits).

  • Promote Sustainable use of Natural Resource such as:

    • Biodiversity conservation

    • Reforestation and forest conservation (maintenance or increase of population of local plant species)

    • Sustainable Land Use

    • Watershed Protection


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Belize Sustainable Development Criteria

Social

  • Community participation should be encouraged.

  • Projects must improve quality of life with regards to social variables such as: health, education, housing, employment.

  • All efforts should be made to sustain local cultures.

    Economic

    • Overall positive impact on the national economy

    • Generation of new investments

    • Effective transfer of technology/best practices; (indicators include efficient technology in the use of technology with minimum negative impact on the environment than the ones used traditionally)


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Brazil Sustainable Development Criteria

  • Contribution to local environmental sustainability: Assess mitigation local environmental impacts caused by the project

  • Contribution improvement labor conditions and job creation (assess social and labor responsibilities)

  • Contribution to distribution of income: assess direct and indirect effects on quality of life of low-income populations

  • contribution to training and technological development (assess degree of technological innovation)

  • Contribution to regional integration and linkages with other sectors (integration with other socio-economic activities in regional)


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EIA in Suriname

  • NIMOS has adapted existing screening methods and procedures from international agencies.

  • Description most important characteristics and quality of environment in the area;

  • Description most relevant positive and negative impacts on biophysical and socio-economic components of environment

  • checklist for screening:

  • Environment

  • Will use of water affect the availability of existing local supplies?


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EIA in Suriname

  • b. Will the project cause disturbance or loss of important land uses?

  • Social and health:

  • a. Will the project affect the labour or property market in the area?

  • b. Will project significantly affect health conditions

  • Economic:

  • Will the project provide facilities, which could stimulate further development (industrial development)


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Conclusion

  • No internationally set standard what SD in a CDM project constitute

  • SD criteria selection and assessment of SD impacts on CDM projects: left to host country as a sovereign matter.

  • All countries have different challenges, priorities, objectives and will have different dimensions of SD


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Conclusion

  • The SD assessment of CDM projects is opportunity for Suriname to evaluate key linkages between national development goals and potential CDM projects

  • Aim: to select and design projects in a way, where they create, exploit and maximize local development synergies.


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  • Thank you

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