Gabcikovo nagymaros river dam system
Download
1 / 31

Gabcikovo-Nagymaros River Dam System - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 1156 Views
  • Updated On :

Gabcikovo-Nagymaros River Dam System. Created by Tom Sauve Hungary Geography 308. The Mighty Danube River. Starts near Germany and extends through Austria, along Slovakia, through Hungary, and along Croatia, Serbia, Romania, and Bulgaria before emptying into the Black Sea. Danube Dangers.

Related searches for Gabcikovo-Nagymaros River Dam System

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Gabcikovo-Nagymaros River Dam System ' - Anita


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Gabcikovo nagymaros river dam system l.jpg

Gabcikovo-Nagymaros River Dam System

Created by

Tom Sauve

Hungary

Geography 308


The mighty danube river l.jpg
The Mighty Danube River

  • Starts near Germany and extends through Austria, along Slovakia, through Hungary, and along Croatia, Serbia, Romania, and Bulgaria before emptying into the Black Sea


Danube dangers l.jpg
Danube Dangers

  • The Danube has been known to cause many raging floods among bordering lands.

  • Roman emperors Tiberius and Trajan were the first to try to contain the Danube they failed.


Hungary and czechoslovakia l.jpg
Hungary and Czechoslovakia

  • Negotiations for the Gabcikovo-Nagymaros dam system began in 1951.

  • The project’s original intent was to change the shallow reaches of the Danube between Bratislava, Czechoslovakia and Gyor, Hungary.

  • Joint planning began in the mid to late 1950s with an emphasis on regional and environmental impacts.


Dam placement l.jpg

Major dams were to be located in Gabcikovo, Czechoslovakia and Nagymaros, Hungary.

Dam Placement

Nagymaros


Outlay of the project l.jpg
Outlay of the Project and Nagymaros, Hungary.

  • The system diverted almost the entire flow of the river into an artificially constructed side channel.

  • The canal was to be diverted near Bratislava and then flow and return to the Danube north of Gyor.

  • The diverted channel drives 8 turbines at the Gabcikovo Dam which generates hundreds of megawatts of power.


Slide7 l.jpg


The dam to the rescue l.jpg
The Dam to the Rescue! large fleets of ships that transported goods through Eastern Europe.

  • Dam officials recorded more than 100 days of shallow water per year.

  • As a result, vegetation died and ships were left stranded on a long stretch of the Danube.

  • These events prompted dam authorities to gain large support from both Hungary and Czechoslovakia to fix the problem by building a system of dams.


Energy production l.jpg
Energy Production large fleets of ships that transported goods through Eastern Europe.

  • In the 1970’s, the focus of the dam was turned to energy due to two main factors:


Factors l.jpg
Factors large fleets of ships that transported goods through Eastern Europe.

  • Oil shocks caused petroleum prices to go on a steep increase making it the best interest of both countries to produce more efficient energy.

  • In order to gain support from the Hungarian bureau of water management, the project needed to emphasize energy production.


Why hydropower l.jpg
Why Hydropower? large fleets of ships that transported goods through Eastern Europe.

  • Hydropower is the cleanest large scale source of electricity available, being non-polluting and renewable.

  • If properly engineered and managed, river dams can provide electricity for millions of people at a very low cost along with minimal ecological impact

  • The building and maintenance of dams provides jobs, helping the economy.


Construction of the system l.jpg
Construction of the system large fleets of ships that transported goods through Eastern Europe.

  • Both countries began work on the system in 1977 under an official treaty.

  • Ecological concerns were beginning to arise among citizens.

  • Once work began, professional protest of the dam was slienced by the Hungarian and Czechoslovak governments.


However l.jpg
However….. large fleets of ships that transported goods through Eastern Europe.

  • It became obvious to both governments that the huge impacts of the dam on the local ecosystems hadn’t been fully considered.

  • Both countries decided to halt work on the dams in 1981 while commissions from both sides of the border evaluated the effects of the dams.


Damage to the aquifer l.jpg
Damage to the aquifer? large fleets of ships that transported goods through Eastern Europe.

  • Scientists predicted drinking water from the aquifer would be polluted due to tar carcinogens in reservoirs throughout the system.

  • They also predicted the water table would fall enough to cause farmers to lose irrigation water.


Hungarian predictions l.jpg
Hungarian Predictions large fleets of ships that transported goods through Eastern Europe.

  • Budapest immediately pushed for postponement or even cancellation of the system after the Hungarian Academy of Sciences predicted widespread ecological devastation.


Czechoslovak predictions l.jpg
Czechoslovak Predictions large fleets of ships that transported goods through Eastern Europe.

  • Scientists at the Laboratory of Fisher Research and Hydrobiology in Bratislava prepared a report predicted that the yearly fish harvest from the Danube would fall 75% within 2 years of completion, killing millions of fish.

  • Other investigations highlighted effects of depression of the water table.

  • Prague immediately dismissed the predictions.


Czechoslovakia proceeds l.jpg
Czechoslovakia Proceeds large fleets of ships that transported goods through Eastern Europe.

  • Due to Czechoslovakia’s industrialization, Prague ignored the warnings of its scientists and proceeded to benefit from the dam’s electricity.


Hungary initially stands put l.jpg
Hungary Initially Stands Put large fleets of ships that transported goods through Eastern Europe.

  • Hungary was angered by Czechoslovakia's decision to proceed.

  • Hungarian studies confirmed that Hungary would bear the brunt of environmental damage.


However19 l.jpg
However…. large fleets of ships that transported goods through Eastern Europe.

  • After looking into the economic costs already placed on the system, Hungary was “forced” back into the project.

  • Failure to complete the project would have cost the Hungarian government 55 billion forints (Hungarian currency at the time)


Political transformation l.jpg
Political Transformation large fleets of ships that transported goods through Eastern Europe.

  • Unhappy with Hungary’s slow pace to build Nagymaros, the Czechoslovak government threatened to use the nearly completed Gabcikovo dam to cause massive floods in Hungary.


Yet another delay l.jpg
Yet ANOTHER Delay! large fleets of ships that transported goods through Eastern Europe.

  • 17 days later after making their threat to Hungary, the Prague communists were ousted from office.

  • The new government of Vaclav Havel (1989) cancelled the project.

  • Havel however did not retain power for long and resigned.


Enter the slovaks l.jpg
Enter the Slovaks large fleets of ships that transported goods through Eastern Europe.

  • Under pressure from the Slovak minority, the Czech government announced resumption of the project.

  • The Slovak flag was to be flown from the engineering office and shipping tolls were to be payable to the Slovak Treasury.


Slovak pride l.jpg
Slovak Pride large fleets of ships that transported goods through Eastern Europe.

  • The Gabcikovo dam was a symbol of pride, sovereignty and will and the Slovak people were willing to do anything to ensure its completion.


Slide24 l.jpg


Slide25 l.jpg


Slide26 l.jpg


International ruling l.jpg
International Ruling world to gain Western aid and show that they could work their problem out with Slovakia.

  • The ICJ ruled both countries at fault for acting unilaterally:Hungary for pulling out of the projectSlovakia for continuing with construction.


Baby steps l.jpg
Baby Steps world to gain Western aid and show that they could work their problem out with Slovakia.

A mutual agreement was set forth by both countries:

Slovakia was to operate the dam at 25% capacity with a continuous water flow

However, it diverted 80% of the river, drying up wetlands and wells in Hungary


Hungarians rally l.jpg
Hungarians Rally world to gain Western aid and show that they could work their problem out with Slovakia.

  • Hungary consequently pulled out of the agreement.

  • Mass demonstrations were organized all throughout Hungary.


Today l.jpg
Today…. world to gain Western aid and show that they could work their problem out with Slovakia.

  • Hungary has been spending millions of dollars to take down its half-completed dam.

  • It could very well be forced to spend much more to Slovakia for compensation for pulling out of the deal.

  • Talk of a return to the International Court of Justice is a sure sign that neither country is very committed to resolving the solution.


Conclusion l.jpg
Conclusion world to gain Western aid and show that they could work their problem out with Slovakia.

  • If you take a stroll down both sides of the Danube:

  • You will see the Gabcikovo region in Slovakia well off and thriving.

  • You will also see the “water storing” Hungarian side overrun by weeds and dry.


ad