FOLK CULTURE & POPULAR CULTURE TWO POLES OF A CONTINUUM FOLK CULTURE Transmitted interpersonally Stable, conservative, traditionalist Based on idea of community (shared experience and mutual obligations) Clear-cut social roles, M/F division of labor Adapted to a particular environment
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FOLK CULTURE & POPULAR CULTURE
TWO POLES OF A CONTINUUM
Stable, conservative, traditionalist
Based on idea of community (shared experience and mutual obligations)
Clear-cut social roles, M/F division of labor
Adapted to a particular environment
Transmitted by media such as books & TV
Constantly changing and innovating
Based on idea of society (specialized roles and interdependence, impersonal coordination)
Flexible and vague social roles
Not adapted to any particular environment
Persistent elements of folk culture (slowly disappearing)
Vanishing elements of folk culture (quickly disappearing)
A vernacular region is a shared, traditional way of ordering experience, therefore, it is part of folk culture…
…an especially interesting part for geographers.
Who started it?
Receptivity of : Mexicans, Canadians, Mormons?
What types of diffusion are operating here?
How is this vernacular architecture (folk architecture) suited to its environment? (house from Orchid Island, near Taiwan)
What might be the reason for the “forebay” on Pennsylvania barns?
What kinds of environmental adaptation can you identify?
How else could you build a house to do the same thing?
What elements of the Quebec farmhouse respond to climate?
Do any elements seem to respond more to social factors?
Why is the Buriat Mongolian yurt so similar to the Navajo hogan?
Northern New Mexico
Suited to dry climate with cold, sunny winters
strong diurnal temp swings
“horno” bread oven
Aside from income and the need/desire to be “fashionable,” what else differs between the light and dark regions on this map?
Fans from US and Japan hold a candlelight vigil outside Neverland Ranch, Thursday, April 29, 2004, in Los Olivos, Calif. the night before Michael Jackson is scheduled to appear at the Santa Maria court for arraignment on child molestation charges
seen in 140 countries
part of $60 bill. export market
understood as representative of Americans and American culture
popular with teens
…also suggest changing attitudes about men’s self-control…
… and about desire itself!
(Phra Thep Dilok, Head of National Center for Buddhism Promotion in Thailand)
There are approximately 130,000 prostitutes in Thailand
about 12,000 are children
prostitution is legal
prostitution in Thailand is described as early as the 16th century
prostitution is part of the local culture (many brothels cater specifically to locals and Asians)
Don’t forget sports!
which seems closer to folk culture: participatory or spectator sports?
Does the culture of consumption inevitably lead to this…
… and this?