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FOLK CULTURE & POPULAR CULTURE TWO POLES OF A CONTINUUM FOLK CULTURE Transmitted interpersonally Stable, conservative, traditionalist Based on idea of community (shared experience and mutual obligations) Clear-cut social roles, M/F division of labor Adapted to a particular environment

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Folk culture popular culture l.jpg

FOLK CULTURE & POPULAR CULTURE

TWO POLES OF A CONTINUUM


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FOLK CULTURE

Transmitted interpersonally

Stable, conservative, traditionalist

Based on idea of community (shared experience and mutual obligations)

Clear-cut social roles, M/F division of labor

Adapted to a particular environment

POPULAR CULTURE

Transmitted by media such as books & TV

Constantly changing and innovating

Based on idea of society (specialized roles and interdependence, impersonal coordination)

Flexible and vague social roles

Not adapted to any particular environment


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Persistent elements of folk culture (slowly disappearing)

Architecture

Vernacular regions

Traditional medicine

Music

Vanishing elements of folk culture (quickly disappearing)

Fences

Barns

Agricultural techniques

Dance


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remnants of surviving folk culture been educated sufficiently to reason incorrectly.” in the U.S.


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A vernacular region is a shared, traditional way of ordering experience, therefore, it is part of folk culture…

…an especially interesting part for geographers.


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  • Folk Culture includes experience, therefore, it is part of folk culture…traditional medicine. What are some ways folk culture medicine gets incorporated into popular culture?

    • pharmaceutical companies “discover” and patent a compound

    • a substance becomes popular for “recreational” use

    • A technique like acupuncture or Chinese herbal medicine gains mainstream acceptance


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Diffusion of the Rodeo experience, therefore, it is part of folk culture…

Who started it?

Receptivity of : Mexicans, Canadians, Mormons?


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Diffusion of agricultural fairs experience, therefore, it is part of folk culture…

What types of diffusion are operating here?


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How is this vernacular architecture (folk architecture) suited to its environment? (house from Orchid Island, near Taiwan)

  • readily available materials

  • form responds to climate and weather patterns



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the “dogtrot” Pennsylvania barns?


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What kinds of environmental adaptation can you identify? Pennsylvania barns?

How else could you build a house to do the same thing?


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What elements of the Quebec farmhouse respond to climate? Pennsylvania barns?

Do any elements seem to respond more to social factors?



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Pueblo Architecture hogan?

Northern New Mexico

Pre-Columbian “condo”

Suited to dry climate with cold, sunny winters

strong diurnal temp swings

“horno” bread oven




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Popular Culture Landscape: hogan?McDonalds in Moscow & Tokyo



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POPULAR CULTURE hogan?

  • Transmitted by media such as books & TV

  • Constantly changing and innovating

  • Based on idea of society (specialized roles and interdependence, impersonal coordination)

  • Flexible and vague social roles

  • Not adapted to any particular environment


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Not hogan? a popular culture landscape





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You are what you consume! this?

Aside from income and the need/desire to be “fashionable,” what else differs between the light and dark regions on this map?


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Stars & Fans this?

Fans from US and Japan hold a candlelight vigil outside Neverland Ranch, Thursday, April 29, 2004, in Los Olivos, Calif. the night before Michael Jackson is scheduled to appear at the Santa Maria court for arraignment on child molestation charges


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the most popular show on earth this?

seen in 140 countries

32 languages

part of $60 bill. export market

understood as representative of Americans and American culture

popular with teens


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changing attitudes about this?women’s bodies…

…also suggest changing attitudes about men’s self-control…

… and about desire itself!


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What’s wrong with this picture? this?

  • “We have allowed this thing which will mark the country with sin for a long time…”

    (Phra Thep Dilok, Head of National Center for Buddhism Promotion in Thailand)


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There are approximately 130,000 prostitutes in Thailand this?

about 12,000 are children

prostitution is legal

prostitution in Thailand is described as early as the 16th century

prostitution is part of the local culture (many brothels cater specifically to locals and Asians)

Morality in Thailand


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Religious Desecration this?

  • What was the problem with the beauty pageant?

  • The Buddhist Temple of Dawn is in the background

  • Photographing of Miss Universe contestants in front of this sacred place was seen as a desecration of the site and a sign of disrespect to Buddhism


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Don’t forget sports! this?

which seems closer to folk culture: participatory or spectator sports?



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this … this?



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Popular or folk culture? this?

  • it’s always a matter of degree

  • a point on the continuum

  • popular culture challenges folk culture

  • popular culture undermines folk culture

  • popular culture appropriates elements of folk culture

  • popular culture markets elements of folk culture


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