Epic of Gilgamesh: Tablets 6-11

Epic of Gilgamesh: Tablets 6-11 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Tablet VI Summary:. Ishtar (goddess of love) requests Gilgamesh as a lover, but Gilgamesh turns her down for her ill treatment of previous lovers. After insulting Ishtar by listing the misfortunes she has brought previous lovers, Ishtar becomes enraged.Ishtar pleads with her parents to allow the Bull of Heaven to wreak havoc on Gilgamesh and his city. The Bull comes down from heaven and kills hundreds of men.Enkidu and Gilgamesh kill the bull and Enkidu throws the bulls leg at Ishtar saying9458

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Epic of Gilgamesh: Tablets 6-11

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1. Epic of Gilgamesh: Tablets 6-11 The Quest for Immortality

2. Tablet VI Summary: Ishtar (goddess of love) requests Gilgamesh as a lover, but Gilgamesh turns her down for her ill treatment of previous lovers. After insulting Ishtar by listing the misfortunes she has brought previous lovers, Ishtar becomes enraged. Ishtar pleads with her parents to allow the Bull of Heaven to wreak havoc on Gilgamesh and his city. The Bull comes down from heaven and kills hundreds of men. Enkidu and Gilgamesh kill the bull and Enkidu throws the bulls leg at Ishtar saying “If I could only get at you I would do the same to you!

3. Tablet VI Question: Why would Ishtar abuse her lovers in so many different ways? Was Gilgamesh in the wrong for insulting Ishtar? Should he just have accepted her and spared the lives of those who died?

4. Tablet VII Summary: The Gods condemn Enkidu to death for slaughtering Humbaba, killing the Bull of Heaven and ultimately cutting down the Cedar tree. Enkidu curses the door that was made from the Cedar tree and Gilgamesh wonders why he is cursing the tree, so Enkidu tells him about the dream of the Gods condemning him to death. Gilgamesh hears his friends fate and promises to honor and mourn him. Enkidu curses the Harlot and the trapper to the sun god Shamash for leading him away from his natural life and into the life of pain and confusion that is humanity. Shamash tells Enkidu that the Harlot should be not be cursed but blessed for leading him to his brotherhood with Gilgamesh and also foresees that Gilgamesh will mourn for Enkidu’s loss by returning to the wild. Enkidu has a dream about going to the land of the dead and about Gilgamesh abandoning him once he gets there. As Enkidu dies after twelve days of sickness, he accuses Gilgamesh of abandoning him in the real world.

5. Tablet VII Question: Why did Enkidu accept Shamash explanation of the Harlot as being a good influence in his life when really he would have been much better off remaining in the wild?

6. Tablet VIII Summary: Enkidu is dead, and Gilgamesh mourns his loss by standing over his bed and remembering all the gallant adventures they had been on together. Gilgamesh honors his friend as promised and erects a monument in his honor. He also has the city go into mourning over Enkidus death. The rest of the tablet is hazy, but we know that Gilgamesh makes an offering to Shamash and is presumed to start on a journey.

7. Tablet VIII Question: When we mourn the dead, is it our best interest to go down memory lane, or should we just try and move on?

8. Tablet IX Summary: Through Enkidu’s death, Gilgamesh realizes his own immortality and angst's over it. Gilgamesh knows of one man who has overcome mortality: Utanapishtim is a man who survived the great flood many years ago and was rewarded with eternal life. He is determined to find Utanapishtim and discover his secret to immortality. However, he has a foreboding dream that is not fully depicted due to missing text. We can assume the dream warned him of the dangers awaiting him on his journey. Upon reaching the mountain of Mashu, he encounters scorpion beings who again warn him of the dangers awaiting him. He ignores their warnings and goes through the mountain anyway. After eleven days of darkness through the mountain, the twelfth day presents light and a beautiful jeweled garden.

9. Tablet IX Question: Why does Gilgamesh, knowing how dangerous the journey is, continue on anyway? Is he merely foolish or is he just grief ridden?

10. Tablet X Summary: After leaving the Jeweled Garden Giglamesh finds the Tavern Keeper, Siduri. Siduri is frightened of his appearance until he proved he actually was the noble Gilgamesh. Gilgamesh demands directions to Utanapishtim, but Siduri tells him his journey is impossible because no one can cross the sea with its waters of death. After much convcining, Siduri tells him that he may find the Utanapisthims ferry man, Urshanabi. Upon hearing Siduris information, Gilgamesh approaches Urshanabi and destroys “the stone things” Urshanbi asks why Gilgamesh is so tattered and Gilgamesh responds with his woefull tale of Enkidu. Urshanbi agrees to take Gilgamesh across the waters of death, saying it will be difficult because Gilgamesh smashed the stone things. After crossing the waters of death, Gilgamesh meets a man who he later finds out is Utanapishtim. G tells him his woes and asks to find the secret to immortality, but Utanapishtim tells him that death is a fact of life, it is inevitable.

11. Tablet X Question: Why does Utanapishtim fail to reveal his true identity? What do you assume the “stone things” are?

12. Tablet XI Summary: Gilgamesh realizes he is speaking to Utunapishtim and asks how he obtained his immortality. Utunapishtim replies that he was a loyal servant to the gods and through making offerings in thanksgivings he and his wife were spared from the flood and allowed to live in a corner of the world where the rivers touch for eternity Utunapishtim sets Gilgamesh up for a test to see if he is worthy of immortality by asking him to be without sleep. He must not lie down for 6 days and 7 nights Gilgamesh fails the task but Utunapishtim’s wife is merciful and convinces Utunapishtim to give him another secret of the gods; the gift is a plant that will make him a young man again Gilgamesh is weary of the plants power so he waits to test it until he returns to Uruk However, before he can return to Uruk, a snake steals the plant and Gilgamesh must return empty handed

13. Tablet XI Question: After all Gilgamesh had heard about Utunapishtim, why was he so hesitant to trust him?

14. Last Summary Questions: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gopr-PrgMfw Do you believe Gilgamesh deserved the fate that befell him? Is immortality desirable? Why or why not? Do you respect Gilgamesh? Is he worthy of being called a hero?

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