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Domain Names & Web Hosting. By: SZ Quadri CEO, Zaidsoft www.zaidsoft.com [email protected] Launching the web site. Browser & Server. Internet Infrastructure. Request . Response. From Browser -------  Get me yahoo.com home page (Request)

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Domain names web hosting l.jpg

Domain Names & Web Hosting

By: SZ QuadriCEO,

Zaidsoft

www.zaidsoft.com

[email protected]




Browser server l.jpg
Browser & Server

Internet Infrastructure

Request

Response

  • From Browser ------- Get me yahoo.com home page (Request)

  • From Server --------- Here is index.html (Response)

Server

Web Browser

Zaidsoft


Domain name l.jpg
Domain Name

  • Domain Name: The unique name that identifies an Internet site. Domain Names always have 2 or more parts, separated by dots. Example: yahoo.com or yahoo.co.in

  • The part on the left is the most specific, and the part on the right is the most general.

  • Many machines can be pointed using the same domain name by qualifying the domain name with host name like www.ibm.com and mail.ibm.com

  • Internet Protocol does not know about the domain names.

  • The server which translates name into IP address is called “Domain name server” or “Name server”.

  • For every domain name you need at least 2 name servers.

  • Name servers also have names like ns1.zaidsoft.net and ns2.zaidsoft.net

Zaidsoft



Domain to ip l.jpg
Domain To IP

  • Mapping domain names to IP addresses

  • The mapping of names to addresses consists of independent, cooperative

    systems called name servers.

  • A name server is a server program that holds a master or a copy of a name-to-address mapping database, or otherwise.

  • points to a server that does, and that answers requests from the client software, called a name resolver.

Zaidsoft


Domain whois l.jpg

Records that show “who is” responsible for various aspects of a particular domain name. This includes various contact details such as Registrant (owner), Admin, Billing.

Registrant is considered legal owner of the domain name.

Domain management password can be used to do almost everything related to a domain name including changing the ownership of the domain name.

Example whois Record:

Domain Name: ZAIDSOFT.NET

Registrant:

ZAIDSOFT

SZ Quadri ([email protected])

Civil Lines

Allahabad UP, 211001 IN Tel. +91.5322607076

Domain Whois

Zaidsoft


Domain name and trade mark l.jpg
Domain Name and Trade Mark aspects of a particular domain name. This includes various contact details such as Registrant (owner), Admin, Billing.

  • A domain name, apart from being your worldwide address, is your own unique identity on the web.

  • The Bombay High Court has held that the Internet domain names are of importance and are a valuable corporate asset. (As in the case of Rediff Communication Limited Vs Cyberbooth)

  • One should protect our trade mark (name) online by registering domain name(s) representing the trade name.

  • Business.com was sold for roughly US$ 7 million.

Zaidsoft


The uniform domain name dispute resolution policy udrp l.jpg
The Uniform Domain-Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP) aspects of a particular domain name. This includes various contact details such as Registrant (owner), Admin, Billing.

  • The Uniform Domain-Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP) has been adopted by ICANN-accredited registrars in all gTLDs (.aero, .biz, .com, .coop, .info, .museum, .name, .net, .org, .pro). Dispute proceedings arising from alleged abusive registrations of domain names (for example, cybersquatting) may be initiated by a holder of trademark rights.

Zaidsoft


Internet l.jpg
Internet aspects of a particular domain name. This includes various contact details such as Registrant (owner), Admin, Billing.

  • The network of networks.

  • The Internet is marvelously robust, with thousands of independent networks operating together to move traffic around the globe.

  • Works on well defined protocols.

  • TCP/IP is the primary protocol set.

  • IP stands for Internet Protocol.

  • IP defines how data can travel from one machine to another in the form of a packet.

  • Every machine has unique IP Address.

  • An IP address is the numerical address of a computer on the Internet. Each IP address consists of four numbers separated by periods.

  • Examples of IP addresses are: 192.168.0.222

Zaidsoft


Ip packet l.jpg
IP Packet aspects of a particular domain name. This includes various contact details such as Registrant (owner), Admin, Billing.

Zaidsoft


Ip address l.jpg
IP Address aspects of a particular domain name. This includes various contact details such as Registrant (owner), Admin, Billing.

ICANN

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is the nonprofit organization that was formed to assume responsibility for the IP address space allocation, protocol parameter assignment, domain name and root server management functions.

  • ICANN suggest ISPs should consider the following order of priority when seeking IP addresses:

  • 1) Request IP address from upstream provider.

  • 2) Request IP address from provider's provider.

  • 3) Request IP address from ARIN or your RIR.

Zaidsoft


Regional internet registries rirs l.jpg
Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) aspects of a particular domain name. This includes various contact details such as Registrant (owner), Admin, Billing.

  • The Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) are responsible for allocating and assigning IP addresses to ISPs, organizations and end users in their designated geographical regions.

  • There are five RIRs - each serving specific geographical areas worldwide. These include APNIC, ARIN, LACNIC, RIPE NCC and AFRINIC.

  • APNIC

  • Asia Pacific Network Information Centre (APNIC) is responsible for IP distribution in the Asia and Pacific region.

  • It is a not-for-profit, membership-based organization whose members include Internet Service Providers, National Internet Registries, and similar organizations.

Zaidsoft


Web hosting options l.jpg
Web hosting options aspects of a particular domain name. This includes various contact details such as Registrant (owner), Admin, Billing.

You can host your web

site in 3 ways :

1. Virtual Hosting

2. Virtual Dedicated Hosting

3. Dedicated Server Hosting

Zaidsoft


Virtual hosting l.jpg
Virtual Hosting aspects of a particular domain name. This includes various contact details such as Registrant (owner), Admin, Billing.

  • Share or Virtual Web Hosting is a solution that allows a you to rent part of a web server to store your website's data, rather than pay for an entire dedicated server with more space and power than you need. With share web hosting basically you are sharing same server and IP address (not domain name) with other web site. Share web hosting is much cheaper as compare to dedicated servers.

Zaidsoft


Advantages of virtual hosting l.jpg
Advantages of Virtual Hosting aspects of a particular domain name. This includes various contact details such as Registrant (owner), Admin, Billing.

  • Allows a user to share server cost with other users i.e. it is affordable.

  • Fulfills the requirements of small sites.

  • Complete control over your own applications.

  • Allows the server administrator to maximize his resource usage by resource-sharing among the websites.

Zaidsoft


Disadvantages of virtual hosting l.jpg
Disadvantages of Virtual Hosting aspects of a particular domain name. This includes various contact details such as Registrant (owner), Admin, Billing.

  • Users get limited rights on the server.

  • Users have restrictions on the server resource usage .

Zaidsoft


Dedicated hosting l.jpg
Dedicated Hosting aspects of a particular domain name. This includes various contact details such as Registrant (owner), Admin, Billing.

  • In dedicated hosting a complete server is owned by one owner. As an owner of the dedicated server, he has full control of every aspect of the hardware and software.

Zaidsoft


Advantages of dedicated hosting l.jpg
Advantages of Dedicated Hosting aspects of a particular domain name. This includes various contact details such as Registrant (owner), Admin, Billing.

  • Full control in the hands of user .

  • Performance is greatly enhanced.

  • Security is greatly enhanced.

  • Provides enhanced scalability.

  • Complete flexibility over the choice of software and hardware .

Zaidsoft


Disadvantages of dedicated hosting l.jpg
Disadvantages of Dedicated Hosting aspects of a particular domain name. This includes various contact details such as Registrant (owner), Admin, Billing.

  • Quite expensive and unaffordable for normal users.

Zaidsoft


Virtual dedicated hosting l.jpg
Virtual Dedicated Hosting aspects of a particular domain name. This includes various contact details such as Registrant (owner), Admin, Billing.

  • It is more than a shared server and less than a dedicated server.

  • A VPS simply put is, a server that runs inside another server.

  • Each VPS looks, feels, and acts like a dedicated server but shares the same hardware.

Zaidsoft


Advantage of vdh l.jpg
Advantage of VDH aspects of a particular domain name. This includes various contact details such as Registrant (owner), Admin, Billing.

  • Allows users to have dedicated hosting environment at the cost of Shared Hosting.

Zaidsoft


Difference put together l.jpg
Difference Put Together aspects of a particular domain name. This includes various contact details such as Registrant (owner), Admin, Billing.

Zaidsoft


Data centers l.jpg
Data Centers aspects of a particular domain name. This includes various contact details such as Registrant (owner), Admin, Billing.

Data centers provide secure facilities for housing telecommunications and computer equipment. Offering safety, security, access and a suitable environment, data centers typically accommodate thousands of servers.


Can i host my own server l.jpg
Can I host my own Server aspects of a particular domain name. This includes various contact details such as Registrant (owner), Admin, Billing.?

Theoretically

YES

but Practically

NO

Zaidsoft


Slide27 l.jpg

FTP aspects of a particular domain name. This includes various contact details such as Registrant (owner), Admin, Billing.

File Transfer Protocol


Ftp uploading your web site l.jpg
FTP: Uploading your web site aspects of a particular domain name. This includes various contact details such as Registrant (owner), Admin, Billing.

FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol and is used to transfer files between machines.

FTP is generally used to upload the web site on remote server.

It allows you to do most of file related operations

Rich GUI based FTP clients are easily available

Zaidsoft


File transfer protocol l.jpg
File Transfer Protocol aspects of a particular domain name. This includes various contact details such as Registrant (owner), Admin, Billing.

Zaidsoft


Using ftp l.jpg
Using FTP aspects of a particular domain name. This includes various contact details such as Registrant (owner), Admin, Billing.

To use the FTP we

need the following

information:

  • FTP Server Name/IP

    (This Is generally your domain name)

  • Username(This may also be your domain name)

  • Password(Hosting company provided password)

Zaidsoft


The search engines l.jpg
The Search Engines aspects of a particular domain name. This includes various contact details such as Registrant (owner), Admin, Billing.

  • Search Engines such as Google index large number of sites by key words and provide users an easy way of finding desired information/site.

  • Most popular search engines are crawlers; i.e., they crawl the web automatically.

  • Most important search engines will find your site automatically after a certain time.

  • You may also submit your site to assist the search engine in indexing your site. The URL for google is:

    http://www.google.com/intl/en/addurl.html

Zaidsoft


Search engine tips l.jpg
Search Engine Tips aspects of a particular domain name. This includes various contact details such as Registrant (owner), Admin, Billing.

  • Keywords to be placed at most crucial locations , for e.g. in Title.

  • Page to have visible text content rather than only images.

  • Avoid the use of Frames.

  • Prefer Static pages rather than the dynamic ones.

Zaidsoft


Thank you l.jpg

Thank You aspects of a particular domain name. This includes various contact details such as Registrant (owner), Admin, Billing.

Contact Information:

Zaidsoft

Visit us at: http://zaidsoft.com and http://zaidsoft.net

11B/9, Tashkent Marg, Civil Lines, Allahabad.

Ph: 532-2607076 E-mail: [email protected]


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