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Diet and diabetes. Reasons for diet. Weight control Blood glucose control Prevention and management of short-term and long-term complications of diabetes. Dietary recommendations for diabetes. Eat starchy foods regularly Eat more fruit and vegetables Reduce animal or saturated fat

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Diet and diabetes

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Diet and diabetes l.jpg

Diet and diabetes


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Reasons for diet

  • Weight control

  • Blood glucose control

  • Prevention and management of short-term and long-term complications of diabetes


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Dietary recommendations for diabetes

  • Eat starchy foods regularly

  • Eat more fruit and vegetables

  • Reduce animal or saturated fat

  • Cut down on sugar

  • Reduce salt


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Balancing food choices


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Eat starchy foods regularly

  • Bread

  • Potatoes

  • Rice

  • Pasta

  • Cereals

  • Plantain

  • Chapatis


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Eat more fruit and vegetables

  • Fresh

  • Frozen

  • Tinned

  • Dried

  • Juice


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To help maintain blood glucose levels and cholesterol levels

Fruit

Vegetables

Pulses

Oats

Helps to maintain a healthy gut

Wholegrain cereals

Wholemeal bread

Wholewheat pasta

Brown rice

Choose more high fibre foods


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Reduce animal or saturated fat intake

  • Use low fat milk

  • Use low fat spread instead of butter

  • Use oil high in unsaturated fat, eg olive oil, rapeseed oil


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Use less fat in cooking

  • Grill

  • Dry-roast

  • Microwave

  • Steam


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Choose the right sort of fat

  • SATURATED

  • Full fat dairy produce (eg cheese, butter, full cream milk)

  • Pies

  • Biscuits

  • Savoury snacks

  • Lard

  • Hard vegetable fat

  • MONO- UNSATURATED

  • Olive oil

  • Rapeseed oil

  • Groundnut oil

  • POLY- UNSATURATED

  • Sunflower oil (products)

  • Oily fish


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Cut down on sugary foods

  • Not a sugar free diet

  • Cut out sweets

  • Cut out sugary drinks


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Choose low sugar products

  • Use diet or low calorie, sugar free drinks


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Intense sweeteners

  • Tablet

  • Liquid

  • Granulated


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Avoid diabetic products

  • Cost

  • Laxative effects

  • Focus on ‘sugar free’

  • Still raise blood glucose levels

  • Still contain same calories


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Reduce salt intake

  • Cut down on added salt

  • Use alternative seasonings

  • Look out for reduced/low sodium foods, eg bread

  • Avoid salt substitutes


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Eat regular meals based on carbohydrate:

Breakfast


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Lunch or snack meal


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Main meal


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Weight management and diabetes


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Be more active


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Slimming tips

  • Be realistic about your target weight

  • Aim to lose weight gradually

  • Eat regular meals

  • Make small changes you can stick to


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Drink alcohol in moderation

That’s

2 units a day for women

3 units a day for men


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How many units in your drink?

units

  • 1 pint premium strength lager or cider 3

  • 1 pint average strength lager 2.8

  • 1 pint average strength cider 2.6

  • 1 pint bitter 2.3

  • 1 pint stout 2.3

  • Medium glass (175mls)white or red wine 2.3

  • Large glass (250mls) white or red wine 3.3

  • Pub measure (25mls) spirit 1


For more information on diabetes 0800 585 088 l.jpg

For more information on diabetes0800 585 088


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Diabetes UK Careline

0845 120 2960

Monday to Friday

9am to 5pm

Recorded diabetes information 24hours/day

Website - www.diabetes.org.uk


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