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Co-Managing Sheep and Goats Important Considerations. Dr. Brian Faris Extension 4-H Youth Livestock Specialist Department of Animal Science North Carolina State University. Introduction. Born & Raised in Southwest Texas Raised Rambouillet Sheep and Angora Goats and Showed Market Lambs

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Co managing sheep and goats important considerations l.jpg

Co-Managing Sheep and Goats Important Considerations

Dr. Brian Faris

Extension 4-H Youth Livestock Specialist

Department of Animal Science

North Carolina State University


Introduction l.jpg
Introduction

  • Born & Raised in Southwest Texas

  • Raised Rambouillet Sheep and Angora Goats and Showed Market Lambs

  • Worked for TAMU Sheep & Goat Center

  • Angelo State University Ranch

  • Came to North Carolina from New Mexico

  • Currently raising fullblood and percentage boers and some Southdown sheep


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Topics

  • Similarities and Differences between Raising Sheep and Goats

    • Nutrition

    • Reproduction

    • Management practices


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Nutrition

  • Similarities

    • Both are small ruminants

      • CP and TDN requirements

    • Stocking rate

      • 1 cow / 2 acres

      • 1 cow ≈ 5 sheep

      • 1 sheep ≈ 1 Boer or Boer cross goat


Small ruminants stocking rates l.jpg
Small ruminantsStocking rates


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Nutrition

  • Similarities

    • Both are small ruminants

    • Stocking rate

  • Differences

    • Grazing habits

      • Sheep tend to graze from the bottom upward

      • Goats tend to graze from the top downward


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GrazingHabits


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Nutrition

  • Similarities

    • Both are small ruminants

    • Stocking rate

  • Differences

    • Grazing habits

    • Grazing preferences


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Sheep

Fairly Selective

Forbs

Grass

Browse

HAY

Alfalfa

Coastal Bermuda

Orchardgrass

Peanut

Goats

Very Selective

Forbs

Browse

Grass

HAY

Peanut

Orchardgrass

Alfalfa

Coastal Bermuda

Grazing Preferences


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Nutrition

  • Similarities

    • Both are small ruminants

    • Stocking rate

  • Differences

    • Grazing habits

    • Grazing preferences

    • Specific nutrient requirements


Nutrient requirements l.jpg

Sheep

~2%BW Dry Matter

Very Sensitive to Cu

P requirements are similar to goats but do not appear to be as sensitive

Goats

~3%BW Dry Matter

Need 2-3x Cu level

Very Sensitive to P (Do not exceed 0.40% on the feed tag – 0.35% is ideal)

Nutrient Requirements


Nutrition12 l.jpg
Nutrition

  • Similarities

    • Both are small ruminants

    • Stocking rate

  • Differences

    • Grazing habits

    • Grazing preferences

    • Specific nutrient requirements

    • Fat deposition


Fat deposition l.jpg

Sheep

Goat

Fat Deposition


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Lambs

Self-feeder

Pellet or Textured Feed

16-18% CP

1.5-2.5% Fat

Kids

Self-feeder

Pelleted Feed

14-16% CP

2.5-3.5% Fat

Nutrition


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Reproduction

  • Similarities

    • 5 month gestation (145-155 days)

  • Differences

    • Chromosome number

    • Estrous cycle length

    • Flushing rates / Birth rates

    • Teat structure

    • Out-of-Season breeders



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Management Practices

  • Health

  • Facilities

  • Miscellaneous Management

  • Guard animals


Health l.jpg

Sheep

Deworm

Coccidiosis

Overeating

Tetanus

CL

Ketosis

Orphan Lambs

Soremouth

Goats

Deworm

Coccidiosis

Overeating

Tetanus

CL

Ketosis

Orphan Kids

Soremouth

Floppy Kid

Silent Pneumonia

Health


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Sheep

Shelters

Fencing

Electric Fence

Feed Troughs

Working Pens

Goats

Shelters

Fencing

Field Fence

Feed Troughs

Working Pens

Facilities


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Sheep

Less foot care

Some shearing except Hair breeds

Horns/No horns – Does not matter

Castrate lambs 30 days or less

Goats

More foot care

Require no shearing except for Angoras

May disbud kids (wethers)

Castrate kids at 60-90 days

Miscellaneous Management


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Guard Animals

  • Llamas

  • Dogs

    • Great Pyrenees

    • Akbash

    • Komondor

    • Anatolian Shepherd

    • Maremma

  • Donkeys



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