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Co-Managing Sheep and Goats Important Considerations. Dr. Brian Faris Extension 4-H Youth Livestock Specialist Department of Animal Science North Carolina State University. Introduction. Born & Raised in Southwest Texas Raised Rambouillet Sheep and Angora Goats and Showed Market Lambs

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co managing sheep and goats important considerations

Co-Managing Sheep and Goats Important Considerations

Dr. Brian Faris

Extension 4-H Youth Livestock Specialist

Department of Animal Science

North Carolina State University

introduction
Introduction
  • Born & Raised in Southwest Texas
  • Raised Rambouillet Sheep and Angora Goats and Showed Market Lambs
  • Worked for TAMU Sheep & Goat Center
  • Angelo State University Ranch
  • Came to North Carolina from New Mexico
  • Currently raising fullblood and percentage boers and some Southdown sheep
topics
Topics
  • Similarities and Differences between Raising Sheep and Goats
    • Nutrition
    • Reproduction
    • Management practices
nutrition
Nutrition
  • Similarities
    • Both are small ruminants
      • CP and TDN requirements
    • Stocking rate
      • 1 cow / 2 acres
      • 1 cow ≈ 5 sheep
      • 1 sheep ≈ 1 Boer or Boer cross goat
nutrition6
Nutrition
  • Similarities
    • Both are small ruminants
    • Stocking rate
  • Differences
    • Grazing habits
      • Sheep tend to graze from the bottom upward
      • Goats tend to graze from the top downward
nutrition8
Nutrition
  • Similarities
    • Both are small ruminants
    • Stocking rate
  • Differences
    • Grazing habits
    • Grazing preferences
grazing preferences
Sheep

Fairly Selective

Forbs

Grass

Browse

HAY

Alfalfa

Coastal Bermuda

Orchardgrass

Peanut

Goats

Very Selective

Forbs

Browse

Grass

HAY

Peanut

Orchardgrass

Alfalfa

Coastal Bermuda

Grazing Preferences
nutrition10
Nutrition
  • Similarities
    • Both are small ruminants
    • Stocking rate
  • Differences
    • Grazing habits
    • Grazing preferences
    • Specific nutrient requirements
nutrient requirements
Sheep

~2%BW Dry Matter

Very Sensitive to Cu

P requirements are similar to goats but do not appear to be as sensitive

Goats

~3%BW Dry Matter

Need 2-3x Cu level

Very Sensitive to P (Do not exceed 0.40% on the feed tag – 0.35% is ideal)

Nutrient Requirements
nutrition12
Nutrition
  • Similarities
    • Both are small ruminants
    • Stocking rate
  • Differences
    • Grazing habits
    • Grazing preferences
    • Specific nutrient requirements
    • Fat deposition
nutrition14
Lambs

Self-feeder

Pellet or Textured Feed

16-18% CP

1.5-2.5% Fat

Kids

Self-feeder

Pelleted Feed

14-16% CP

2.5-3.5% Fat

Nutrition
reproduction
Reproduction
  • Similarities
    • 5 month gestation (145-155 days)
  • Differences
    • Chromosome number
    • Estrous cycle length
    • Flushing rates / Birth rates
    • Teat structure
    • Out-of-Season breeders
management practices
Management Practices
  • Health
  • Facilities
  • Miscellaneous Management
  • Guard animals
health
Sheep

Deworm

Coccidiosis

Overeating

Tetanus

CL

Ketosis

Orphan Lambs

Soremouth

Goats

Deworm

Coccidiosis

Overeating

Tetanus

CL

Ketosis

Orphan Kids

Soremouth

Floppy Kid

Silent Pneumonia

Health
facilities
Sheep

Shelters

Fencing

Electric Fence

Feed Troughs

Working Pens

Goats

Shelters

Fencing

Field Fence

Feed Troughs

Working Pens

Facilities
miscellaneous management
Sheep

Less foot care

Some shearing except Hair breeds

Horns/No horns – Does not matter

Castrate lambs 30 days or less

Goats

More foot care

Require no shearing except for Angoras

May disbud kids (wethers)

Castrate kids at 60-90 days

Miscellaneous Management
guard animals
Guard Animals
  • Llamas
  • Dogs
    • Great Pyrenees
    • Akbash
    • Komondor
    • Anatolian Shepherd
    • Maremma
  • Donkeys
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