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Chinese New Year . ni á n . Let ’ s write and read it. Time: Dated back to 4000 years ago.

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Chinese New Year

nián

Let’s write and read it


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Time: Dated back to 4000 years ago

Chinese New Year or Spring Festival is the most important of the traditional Chinese holidays. It is sometimes called the Lunar New Year, especially by people outside China. The festival traditionally begins on the first day of the first lunar month (Chinese: 正月; pinyin: zhēng yuè) in the Chinese calendar and ends on the 15th; this day is called Lantern Festival. Chinese New Year's Eve is known as Chúxī (除夕, chúxī,). It literally means "Year-pass Eve".

Usually, it’s 15 days long


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Places

Celebrated in areas with large populations of ethnic Chinese, Chinese New Year is considered a major holiday for the Chinese and has had influence on the new year celebrations of its geographic neighbours, as well as cultures with whom the Chinese have had extensive interaction. These include Aboriginal Taiwanese people, Koreans, Mongolians, Nepalese, Bhutanese, Vietnamese, and formerly the Japanese before 1873. In Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, and other countries with significant Chinese populations, Chinese New Year is also celebrated, largely by overseas Chinese, and has, to varying degrees, become part of the traditional culture of these countries. In Canada, although Chinese New Year is not an official holiday, many ethnic Chinese hold large celebrations and Canada Post issues New Year's themed stamps in domestic and international rates.


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What time is it this year?

  • 除夕, chúxī: The day before the new year

    二〇〇九年一月二十五日

    Please read


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The traditions

New-year visits and greetings

拜年; pinyin: bàinián

Different ways to practice new year visit with gifts and greetings, wearing new clothes


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Let’s practice it

Greetings:

1. Happy new year:

新年快乐 Xīnnián kuàilè

过年好 guònian hǎo

2. Congratulations and be prosperous:

恭喜发财 Gōngxǐ fācái


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Let’s see it

  • 2. New year practice: Red packets

    红 包 hónɡ bāo

    Or

    压 岁 钱 yā suì qián

    the money used to suppress or put down the evil spirit

Gōngxǐ fācái, hóngbāo nálái

恭喜发财,红包拿来

Congratulations and be prosperous, now give me a red envelope



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4. shǒu suì

守 岁

Occurs when members of the family gather around throughout the night after the reunion dinner and reminisce about the year that has passed while welcoming the year that has arrived. Some believe that children who Shou Sui will increase the longevity of the parents.


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  • nián yè fàn 年 夜 饭

    reunion dinner of the New year eve


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Food

  • 1) Fish: yú 鱼

    homophone for "surpluses"


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  • 2) nián ɡāo 年 糕 pudding


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4)tānɡ yuán 汤 圆

Rice dumplings

The fifteenth day of the new year is celebrated as Yuánxiāo jié (元宵节)

Rice dumplings,sweet glutinous rice ball brewed in a soup,

is eaten this day.

Candles are lit outside houses as a way to guide wayward spirits home.

This day is celebrated as the Lantern Festival,

and families walk the street carrying lighted lanterns.

This day often marks the end of the Chinese New Year festivities.


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tānɡ yuán 汤 圆 Rice dumplings


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Activities

  • Indoors

    Chinese calligraphy posters show Chinese idioms

    New year picture, Chinese knots, and paper cutting and couplets.






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  • Outdoors

    Fireworks

    Lantern Festival and Riddles

    Dragon dance and Lion dance


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Lantern Festival and Riddles



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c ái shén 财 神 Fortune gods


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Let ’s listencái shén dào 财 神 到


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Dragon dance and Lion dance

Dragon and lion dances are common during Chinese New Year. It is believed that the loud beats of the drum and the deafening sounds of the cymbals together with the face of the dragon or lion dancing aggressively can evict bad or evil spirits. Lion dances are also popular for opening of businesses


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  • Video of the dancing

    http://v.youku.com/v_show/id_XNTg3MjAyNTY=.html

    http://www.youku.com/playlist_show/id_1737076.html


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New year songs

  • http://www.youku.com/playlist_show/id_2817933_ascending_1_page_1.html

  • 推荐:

  • 发财发福---中国娃娃

  • 新年快乐--- 谢雨欣

  • 恭喜发财--- 刘德华

  • 卓依婷若干


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