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Psychology. Jeopardy !. Click on Chapter 1 to begin game. Chapter 1 : Psychology Questions compiled by Sue Boland, LHU of PA Program developed by Dan Hosey, Bucknell U. Old time Psychology. Modern Psychology. Initial Degrees. Psychology is. Think like a scientist. 100 200 300 400

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Psychology

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Psychology

Jeopardy !

Click on Chapter 1 to begin game.

  • Chapter 1: Psychology

  • Questions compiled by Sue Boland, LHU of PAProgram developed by Dan Hosey, Bucknell U.


Old time Psychology

ModernPsychology

Initial

Degrees

Psychology is

Think like a scientist

100

200

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400

500

100

200

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500

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500

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500

100

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400

500

To Round Two!


C1 - 100

100

Psychology is concerned with behavior and these processes.

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Correct Answer


C1 - 200

200

Pseudosciences like astrology, and numerology make predictions about human behavior. Their predictions, however, are usually also “pseudo”- meaning this.

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Correct Answer


C1 - 300

300

Evidence gathered by careful observation and measurement.

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Correct Answer


C1 - 400

400

Although psychology sometimes confirms this, it also sometimes contradicts it. Hence, psychology is not just a fancy name for it.

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Correct Answer


C1 -500

500

Two of the three factors that psychologists study that can affect an organism (e.g. person).

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Correct Answer


C2 - 100

100

The man usually credited with being the “father” of modern psychology.

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C2 - 200

200

Structuralists used this technique to carefully analyze their own experiences in order to break behavior into its basic elements.

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Correct Answer


C2 - 300

300

The name of Freud’s theory based on the idea that people’s problems originated in forgotten events from early childhood.

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Correct Answer


C2 - 400

400

An adherent of this early psychological approach would ask how a human behavior developed as an adaptation to the environment.

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Correct Answer


C2 -500

500

An early attempt to describe a person’s personality by examining the bumps on his or her head. (A pseudoscience)

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Correct Answer


C3 -100

100

Current psychological perspective that focuses on the connection between the body and behavior, thoughts and feelings.

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Correct Answer


C3 -200

200

These psychologists focus on how we learn from experience, but they don’t talk about what we think or feel about it.

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Correct Answer


C3 -300

300

This isn’t brain surgery. These psychologists try to get inside your head by studying what you remember, how you solve problems, and how you use language.

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Correct Answer


C3 -400

400

The perspective of a psychologist who is interested in the following phenomenon:

In Japan, when student fail and exam, they are more likely to say they didn’t study hard enough and exam. In the US, students are more likely to say the exam was too difficult.

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Correct Answer


C3 -500

500

Psychologists adopting this perspective see themselves as “archeologists” of the mind, but many other psychologists think this approach belongs in philosophy or literature departments.

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Correct Answer


C4 -100

100

I have a Ph.D. and diagnose, treat and study mental illness

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Correct Answer


C4 -200

200

My Ph.D. enables me to help people cope with everyday problems.

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Correct Answer


C4 -300

300

Because I have a M.D., I can prescribe drugs to treat mental illness.

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Correct Answer


C4 -400

400

I also help people, but I don’t need any special initials behind my name to call myself one of these.

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Correct Answer


C4 -500

500

The first three initials of my degree, MFCC reveal my specialty.

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Correct Answer


C5 -100

100

For example, a statement like this: “I predict that student who attend class earn higher grades.”

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Correct Answer


C5 -200

200

Principle that a true test of a theory or hypothesis might expose the theory or hypothesis as being wrong.

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C5 -300

300

Specification of exactly how a variable will be measured or manipulated.

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C5 -400

400

An proposed explanation of a phenomenon

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C5 -500

500

When other researchers verify or repeat the findings of a scientist.

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Correct Answer


DAILY

DOUBLE

Question


Do you see what I see?

Pass the test

Can you relate?

Experiment

Answer this

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To Final Jeopardy!

To Round One


C6 -200

200

The broad category of research method that these fit: case studies, observational studies, tests, surveys.

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Correct Answer


C6 -400

400

An in-depth examination of an individual.

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Correct Answer


C6 -600

600

Watching students in a library and recording their behaviors (e.g., reading, talking, staring into space), is an example of this type of study.

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Correct Answer


C6 -800

800

After inviting a college student into a small room, I drop my pen to see if the student will pick it up. I might be conducting one of these studies.

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Correct Answer


C6 -1000

1000

Researchers have more control over the situation in this type of watchful study.

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Correct Answer


C7 -200

200

Procedures used to measure and evaluate factors like personality traits, abilities, preferences, and values.

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C7 -400

400

A test that gives the same result at different times is this.

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C7 -600

600

If everyone has the same amount of time to take the test, takes the test in a similar setting, and is given the same instructions. The test has been this.

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Correct Answer


C7 -800

800

Standards of test performance.

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C7 -1000

1000

If scores on a test of math ability rely heavily on reading ability, then the test lacks this.

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Correct Answer


C8 -200

200

When one goes up, the other goes up, in this form of correlation.

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Correct Answer


C8 -400

400

If there is a correlation of +.90 betweensmoking and yellowing of teeth, I could accurately estimate how yellow you teeth would be based on how much you smoke. This shows that one strength of correlation is this ability.

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Correct Answer


C8 -600

600

For adults, the more they weigh, the less they exercise. This is an example of this type of correlation.

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Correct Answer


C8 -800

800

Bald men commit fewer crimes than men with full heads of hair. I would NOT recommend that we shave all criminals heads as a crime reduction strategy however, because I know this is a major disadvantage of correlational research.

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Correct Answer


C8 -1000

1000

The type of correlation illustrated in this graph.

Weight in pounds

Height in inches

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Correct Answer


C9 -200

200

An experimenter manipulates this.

Correct Answer

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C9 -400

400

To determine if doing homework using a computer affects children’s cognitive skills, one should not only study computer users, but also non-computer users. The name of this second group in an experiment.

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Correct Answer


C9 -600

600

In an experiment on “brain freeze”, Dr. Breyer has one group of subjects quickly drink a frosty drink, while another group slowly sips the frosty drink. Every minute, Dr. Breyer has each participant rate their headache pain on a scale of 1 (no pain) to 10 (severe brain freeze). The rating of headache pain is this.

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Correct Answer


C9 -800

800

To be sure that similar groups of participants are compared in an experiment, researchers are careful about how they put into experimental and control groups.They use this technique based on chance.

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Correct Answer


C9 -1000

1000

Procedure to reduce bias that keeps both participants and experimenter in the dark.

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Correct Answer


C10 -200

200

Seeking direct answers to direct questions is this descriptive research technique

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Correct Answer


C10 -400

400

This problem plagues surveys published in popular magazines. Only readers of that magazine, and only certain readers at that, will return the survey.

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Correct Answer


C10 -600

600

I simply can’t ask everybody these questions, so I’ll just ask this subset of people instead.

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Correct Answer


C10 -800

800

A group of people recruited from a population which matches the characteristics of the population.

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C10 -1000

1000

This survey item “When did you stop beating your spouse?” illustrates this potential problem.

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Correct Answer


DAILY

DOUBLE

Question


DAILY

DOUBLE

Question


FINAL JEOPARDY CATEGORY

Research Methods


The research method used in this example:

Students kept a daily record of the number of caffeinated drinks they ingested, and were also asked to rate their mood once per hour (while awake).

Correct Answer


C1 - 100

100

What are:

Mental (processes)?

(Examples of mental processes include: thinking, perceiving, learning, feeling, remembering.)

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C1 - 200

200

What is:

False

(When the claims of pseudosciences are put to the test, they are usually false.

Psychologists systematically test their predictions to see if there is evidence to support the predictions.)

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C1 - 300

300

What is:

Empirical?

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C1 - 400

400

What is:

Common sense?

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C1 -500

500

What are:The organism’s mental state, physical state, or external environment?

(Need two of the three for a correct answer.)

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C2 - 100

100

Who is:

Wilhelm Wundt?

German, 1832-1920

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C2 - 200

200

What is:

Introspection?

(This technique was later rejected because it was not objective, but it represents an early attempt by structuralists (Wundt) to use science to understand human experience.)

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C2 - 300

300

What is:

Psychoanalysis?

(Psychodynamic approach is also an acceptable answer.)

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C2 - 400

400

What is:

Functionalism

(For example, suppose you observe that most men marry younger women. You would ask why is would be adaptive for a man to marry someone younger than himself. What is the function or purpose of this behavior? Any guesses?)

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C2 -500

500

What is:

Phrenology?

(Unlike modern psychology, phrenology was not based on empirical evidence, nor was it tested using scientific research.)

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C3 -100

100

What is:

The biological perspective?

Back to board


C3 -200

200

Who are:

Behaviorists

(Behaviorists stick to what they can observe and measure directly. You can’t see another person’s thought.

Social-cognitive learning theorists also believe we learn from experience, but are also interested in our mental processes (what we think, feel, remember etc.).)

Back to board


C3 -300

300

Who are:

Cognitive psychologists?

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C3 -400

400

What is:

Sociocultural perspective?

(Sociocultural psychologists focus on how social contexts and cultural rules influence our behavior. That is how do other people influence our behavior, thoughts, and feelings?)

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C3 -500

500

What is:

Psychodynamic perspective or psychoanalytic perspective?

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C4 -100

100

What is a:

Clinical psychologist?

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C4 -200

200

What is a:

Counseling psychologist?

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C4 -300

300

What is a:

Psychiatrist?

(Currently, psychologists in the states of Louisiana and New Mexico can prescribe medication. Psychologists in these states have to fulfill certain education and training requirements before gaining prescription rights.)

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C4 -400

400

What is a:

Psychotherapist?

(Therapist or counselor are also acceptable answers)

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C4 -500

500

What is a:

Marriage, Family, Child Counselor?

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C5 -100

100

What is:

Hypothesis?

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C5 -200

200

What is:

The principle of falsifiability?

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C5 -300

300

What is:

An operational definition?

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C5 -400

400

What is:

A theory?

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C5 -500

500

What is:

Replication?

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C6 -200

200

What are:

Descriptive methods?

Back to Board


C6 -400

400

What is:

Case study?

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C6 -600

600

What is:

Observational study?

(naturalistic)

Back to Board


C6 -800

800

What is:

Observational study?

(laboratory)

Note that everyone in the study was exposed to me dropping the pen, thus they were observed under the same conditions. There was no independent variable with different levels manipulated. The lack of independent variable means this is NOT an experiment.

Back to Board


C6 -1000

1000

Laboratory observational study?

(A researcher has more control in a laboratory setting than in a natural setting. )

Back to Board


C7 -200

200

What are:

Psychological tests (or assessments)?

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C7 -400

400

What is:

Reliable?

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C7 -600

600

What is:

Standardized?

(A standardized test has uniform procedures for administration and scoring)

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C7 -800

800

What are:

Norms?

(For example, your scores on the SATs are compared to the scores of other students who also took the SAT. You can then tell whether your scores are below, at, or above average.)

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C7 -1000

1000

What is:

Validity?

(A valid test measures what it is designed to measure. Thus a math test that relies heavily on reading ability, may lack validity.)

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C8 -200

200

What is:

Positive correlation?

(High values on one variable or factor are related to high values on another variable)

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C8 -400

400

What is:

Prediction?

(If two variables are correlated, one can predict values on one variable from values on the other variable. The accuracy of prediction is related to the size of the correlation coefficient. The closer the number is to +1.00 or -1.00, the more accurate the prediction. Hence, a correlation of +.90 or -.90 yields a very accurate (but not perfect) prediction. The sign of the correlation (+/-_ is not related to accuracy of prediction.

Back to Board


C8 -600

600

What is:

Negative correlation?

(High values on one variable – weight, are associated with low values on the other variable – exercise.)

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C8 -800

800

The inability to determine

cause and effect?

(A lack of hair may not cause a man to avoid criminal activity. Nor is it likely that committing crimes leads directly to hair growth. It is more likely that another variable, such as age, accounts for the relationship.)

What is:

Back to Board


C8 -1000

1000

What is:

Positive correlation?

As values on the X axis (height) increase, values on the Y axis (weight) increase.

Back to Board


C9 -200

200

What is:

Independent variable?

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C9 -400

400

What is:

The control group?

(The group doing homework on a computer would usually be considered the experimental group, because the effect of the computer is the researcher’s focus.)

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C9 -600

600

What is:

The dependent variable?

(The independent variable is whether the participants drink quickly or slowly.

Most people would name the “quick” group

as the experimental group – because this condition would be hypothesized to lead

to “brain freeze” – the researcher’s primary interest. The “slow” group would be the control group.)

Back to Board


C9 -800

800

What is:

Random Assignment?

(Each person in experiment has an equal chance of being assigned to the experimental or control group. Results in the two groups consisting of individuals with similar characteristics. )

Back to Board


C9 -1000

1000

What is :

Double-blind?

Back to Board


C10 -200

200

What is:

Survey?

Back to Board


C10 -400

400

What is:

Volunteer bias?

(Results in unrepresentative sample, because only certain types of people elect to participate.)

Back to Board


C10 -600

600

What is:

A sample?

Back to Board


C10 -800

800

What is:

A representative sample?

(One can generalize from a representative sample to a population.)

Back to Board


C10 -1000

1000

What is:

Question phrasing?

(How a question is asked or framed can influence how a person answers it.)

Back to Board


What is:Correlation study?

(Two variables are being measured, presumably to see if they are related. It is not an experiment because the experimenter is not manipulating a variable. Although survey methods are being used in that the student are answering direct questions, the main purpose seems to be to measure a relationship between the variables.)


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