Battle of Gettysburg
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Battle of Gettysburg. June 1863. Until this point, the Confederates had won most major battles:. - Bull Run. - 2 nd Bull Run. - Seven Days. - Fredericksburg. - Chancellorsville. With this confidence, Lee felt he could invade the North and end the war.

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Battle of Gettysburg

June 1863

Until this point, the Confederates had won most major battles:

- Bull Run

- 2nd Bull Run

- Seven Days

- Fredericksburg

- Chancellorsville

With this confidence, Lee felt he could invade the North and end the war.

In response, Hooker swung his troops to the north to protect the capital. In late June, Meade took over.

Lee wanted to fight at Cashtown; Meade wanted to fight at Taneytown.

Fate would have them meet between the two towns at a place called Gettysburg.


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Battle of Gettysburg

Gettysburg

Gettysburg


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Battle of Gettysburg

Chambersburg Road and McPherson Ridge

Chambersburg Road

McPherson Ridge

Gettysburg


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Battle of Gettysburg

Seminary School

Chambersburg Road

Seminary School

McPherson Ridge

Gettysburg


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Battle of Gettysburg

Cemetery Hill and Culp’s Hill

Chambersburg Road

Seminary School

McPherson Ridge

Gettysburg

Culp’s Hill

Cemetery Hill


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Battle of Gettysburg

Emmitsburg Road

Chambersburg Road

Seminary School

McPherson Ridge

Gettysburg

Culp’s Hill

Cemetery Hill

Emmitsburg Road


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Battle of Gettysburg

Seminary Ridge

Chambersburg Road

Seminary School

McPherson Ridge

Gettysburg

Culp’s Hill

Cemetery Hill

Emmitsburg Road

Seminary Ridge


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Battle of Gettysburg

Chambersburg Road

Cemetery Ridge

Seminary School

McPherson Ridge

Gettysburg

Culp’s Hill

Cemetery Hill

Emmitsburg Road

Seminary Ridge

Cemetery Ridge


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Battle of Gettysburg

Wheat Field and Peach Orchard

Chambersburg Road

Seminary School

McPherson Ridge

Gettysburg

Culp’s Hill

Cemetery Hill

Emmitsburg Road

Seminary Ridge

Cemetery Ridge

Peach Orchard

Wheat Field


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Battle of Gettysburg

Little Round Top, Devil’s Den, and Big Round Top

Chambersburg Road

Seminary School

McPherson Ridge

Gettysburg

Culp’s Hill

Cemetery Hill

Emmitsburg Road

Seminary Ridge

Cemetery Ridge

Peach Orchard

Wheat Field

Devil’s Den

Little Round Top

Big Round Top


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Rodes

Battle of Gettysburg

Early

Ewell

Heth

July 1, 1863

Reynolds

Heth’s division marched down Chambersburg Road towards Gettysburg.

Buford

Howard

Buford on Chambersburg Road

Reynolds’ infantry arrives to reinforce Buford

Reynolds killed

Buford stalls

Hancock’s decision

Howard’s 11th Corps arrives

Rodes, Ewell, and Early arrive to drive back Union


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Battle of Gettysburg

July 1, 1863

Sidenotes:

John Burns – veteran of War of 1812

Abner Doubleday – Reynold’s replacement

The location was an accident.


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Battle of Gettysburg

July 2, 1863

During the night, battle lines form.

90,000 Union troops

Hill

75,000 Confederate troops

Ewell

The Fishhook

Lee planned to simultaneously attack both Union flanks.

Slocum

Howard

Longstreet

Ewell’s attack failed

Hancock

Longstreet takes part of his 1st Corps and marches south to the Unions left flank.

Sickles

Sickles sees the Confederate movement and meets them in the wheat field and peach orchard

Sykes

Sickles troops get destroyed


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Battle of Gettysburg

July 2, 1863

At the Union extreme left flank is Chamberlain and the 20th Maine.

2nd Maine

With Hood moving in, Chamberlain must thin his line to cover the left.

Out of ammunition

Little Round Top

Wheel Right (Swinging Gate) - bayonet charge - obscure


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Battle of Gettysburg

July 3, 1863

Lee plans an attack on the center of the Union line.

To disrupt Union, Ewell attacks from north and Stuart’s cavalry from east.

Hill

Ewell

Ewell is repelled by Slocum and Stuart is beat by Custer.

Slocum

Howard

Confederates begin attack with with bombardment by 140 cannons.

Longstreet

Hancock

A division of Longstreet’s 1st Corps, under Pickett, charges.

15,000 Confederates cross open field to attack Cemetery Ridge.

Only a handful of Rebs (under Armistead) reach the Union line.

Sykes

“Pickett’s Charge” fails.

High Water Mark


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Battle of Gettysburg

July 4, 1863

Confederates retreat back to Virginia.

Meade refuses to chase. He could have destroyed the Confederates.

Hill

Ewell

Grant would later finish the job.

Confederates win very few major battles after Gettysburg.

Slocum

Howard

Longstreet

Hancock

Sykes


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Battle of Gettysburg

The Statistics

Estimated that 7 million bullets used at Gettysburg.


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