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USA Hockey Officiating Seminar. Presentation Designed by Leonard Edling Edited for USA Hockey by Bob Fryer Additional editing by Joanne Nakaso. Welcome to Level 1 Seminar. Purpose To review the basics and fundamentals of officiating To establish uniformity in officiating

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Usa hockey officiating seminar l.jpg

USA Hockey Officiating Seminar

Presentation Designed by

Leonard Edling

Edited for USA Hockey by

Bob Fryer

Additional editing by

Joanne Nakaso


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Welcome to Level 1 Seminar

  • Purpose

    • To review the basics and fundamentals of officiating

    • To establish uniformity in officiating

    • To eliminate “creativity” in officiating

  • Introduction of staff

  • Review of schedule

    • Breaks

    • Ice Time

    • Lunch


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Welcome to Level 1 Seminar

  • What is expected of me ? (as an Official)

    • Be on time!

    • Take notes

    • Ask questions

    • Work hard

    • Have fun

  • Who are you and why are you here?


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Officiating Program

Overview


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Local Officiating Program

  • All volunteer program

  • District Referee-in-Chief

    • Greg Lucker

  • Local Supervisor of Officials

    • Chris Leahy


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Registration Procedures

  • Mail completed USA Hockey form with fee to national office

  • Take open-book exam from USA Hockey

    • Minimum passing score – 35/50 for Level 1

  • Register and complete district seminar

    • Completion of seminar list is sent to USA Hockey

  • When completed with all requirements

    • Card and crest are sent from national office


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Member Benefits

  • Insurance (medical and liability)

  • Summer Officials’ development camps

    • Regional

    • National

    • Women’s Camp

    • Select

    • Regional & National Championships


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Member Benefits

  • International Program

    • Elite Officiating Experience

    • International tournaments

    • Olympic Games

  • Publications

    • Manuals

    • American Hockey Magazine

    • Stripes Newsletter


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Member Benefits

  • District Officiating Seminars

  • Instructor Training sessions

  • Evaluation Program

  • Mentor Program

  • Local events


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Personal Appearance


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Looking the Part

  • Positive impression

  • Build credibility

  • Defines role as an official

  • Good looks complement good skills

  • Commands respect


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Personal Appearance

  • Face

  • Hair

  • General condition


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Equipment Needs

  • Helmet

    • Mandatory

    • Black in color

    • Good condition

    • Visor- strongly recommended

  • Sweater

    • Long-sleeved

  • Trousers

    • Black


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Equipment Needs

  • Girdle protection

  • Skates

    • Well maintained

    • Clean white laces

    • No goalie skates!

  • Cup and supporter

  • Leg guards

  • Elbow guards


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Officials’ Supplies

  • Whistles

    • Finger type

    • Minimum of 2

  • Rule book (USA Hockey & League)

  • Referee’s manual(s)

  • Equipment bag

  • Tape


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Officials’ Supplies

  • Telephone numbers

    • Assignors

    • Supervisors

    • Officials

  • Pen and Note pad (“riot pad”)

  • Cut skate laces

  • Soap and towel


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Off-Ice Dress for Regular Games

  • What to wear

    • Nice clothing

    • Neat, clean and tidy

    • No team jackets

    • Avoid T-shirts and jeans (if possible)

  • Why?

    • Good first impression

    • Shows that officials take pride in work


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Well groomed neat appearance

Proper On-Ice Attire

Black helmet

Sweater

Crest

Finger whistle

Clean white laces

Black trousers

Well maintained skates


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Physical Conditioning


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Stretching

  • Purpose of stretching

    • To obtain or maintain flexibility

    • To reduce potential of future injury

  • Basic stretching principles

    • Stretch major muscle groups from head to toe

    • Stretch slowly with controlled movements


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Basic Stretches

  • Neck

  • Arms and shoulders

  • Trunk and back

  • Groin

  • Quadriceps

  • Calves

  • Ankles


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Importance of General Fitness

  • Promotes overall good health

  • Enhances performance on the ice

  • Enhances creditability of performance through physical appearance


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General Fitness Exercises

  • Aerobic

    • High heart rate for a period of time (cardiovascular-based)

  • Anaerobic

    • Muscle-based with short bursts of cardiovascular activity

  • Best combine both aerobic and anaerobic

  • Average 3 times per week


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Fundamentals of Skating


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Importance of Skating Well

  • Basic building block

  • Helps to enhance position

    • Which enhances vision

      • Which enhances judgment

  • Helps to establish credibility when you keep up with the play


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Referee Skating vs.Player Skating

  • View

    • Referees always turn and stop facing the play

  • Posture

    • Head must always be up

  • Tight skating lanes along the boards

  • Different arm swing from players

    • Always front to back to increase efficiency


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Balance

  • Knee bend most important

  • Use inside edges

  • Shoulder, knee and ball of foot aligned

  • Head up


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Ready Position

  • During stoppages (2 types)

    • Standing upright with hands at sides (ready position)

    • Hands on knees

  • During play

    • Never have hands on knees

    • Always stand upright with body angled toward the play (45 degree angle)


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Arm Swing

  • Similar to runner (front to back)

  • Strive to eliminate

    • Stick carrying posture

    • Side to side arm swing

    • Dog paw

    • Clenched fists


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Forward Stride

  • Long powerful strides are key

    • Exaggerated knee bend

    • Thrusts start with pressure (weight) on heel then extends through the blade to toe thrusting down “through the ice”

    • Full recovery

    • Weight transfer

    • Thrust out with opposite skate

  • All skating takes place from the hips down

    • Upper body stays “disciplined”


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Pre-Game Responsibilities


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Officiating Etiquette

  • Punctuality

    • 30 minutes prior (minimum)

  • Second check of equipment when arriving in room

  • Officials’ dressing room

    • No visitors

    • Private headquarters

    • Politely ask unwanted visitors to leave


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Sociability

  • Short conversations with players and coaches: be polite

  • Avoid opinions of other officials

  • Avoid controversial matters


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Stretching

  • Before every game

  • Every major muscle group

  • Heighten heart rate

  • Good warm-up a must


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On-Ice Warm-up

  • Go onto ice 3-5 minutes before teams

  • Skate at warm-up pace

  • Practice turns, stops, starts: forward and backward

  • Practice skating in Officials’ skating lanes

  • Watch and monitor warm-ups


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Visual Inspection of Playing Area

  • Check for:

    • Defective ice, boards, glass, door openings

    • Clock and bench locations

    • Off-Ice Officials in position

    • Illegal face masks and helmets

  • Checking the goals

    • Holes in netting (fix, if necessary)

    • Posts properly anchored

    • Warped goal frames

  • Familiarize yourself with arena


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Conducting Face-Offs


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Officials’ Stance

  • Feet shoulder width apart

  • Shins parallel

  • Puck held in non-whistle hand

    • Puck hand forearm rests on hip bone

  • Head up and looking forward


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Holding the Puck

  • Two accepted methods

    • Thumb on top, forefinger along the side

    • Thumb and small finger on the side, other finger tips on top

  • Thumb must remain in contact with puck

  • Officials should try different techniques

    • Both players must have an equal view of the puck

    • Puck must always land flat

    • Face-off should be fair


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Dropping the Puck

  • Officials must be ready first

  • Simultaneous out and down motion

  • Bend knees as puck starts first

  • Puck must land flat and remain stationary

  • Puck must land on center of face-off spot

  • Do not flick wrist prior to puck drop

  • Push the puck to the ice


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Players’ Positions

  • Centers

    • Attacking player’s stick down first

    • Stick stationary on white half moon

    • When no spot exists: one stick length apart

    • Shoulders square with end boards


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Players’ Positions

  • Other players

    • Same side of circle as center

    • Outside of circle: includes sticks

    • On their side of the hash marks

  • Which official is responsible for which players?

    • Official conducting face-off

      • Centers and players in front of him

    • Partner

      • Players behind the official conducting the face-off


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Moving into PositionAfter Face-Off

  • Drop puck

  • Pause to view play

  • Look behind you

  • Back to side boards

  • Keep play in front of you

  • Proceed to position facing play

  • Hustle only when clear to move


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Center Ice Face-Off Technique

  • Start of the period

    • Signal Goalkeepers (Goal Judges)

    • Face and signal Timekeeper

  • Following a goal

    • Face the players’ benches


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Puck Hand-Offs

  • Hand shake technique

  • Place the puck flat in palm of partner

  • Receiving official closes hand firmly on puck

  • Professional look when clean and crisp

  • Everyone is watching you during this time


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Referee Position: 3 Man System


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Importance ofProper Positioning

  • Fundamental building block

  • Field of vision

    • Enables Official to see as much action as possible

  • Provides Official with safe viewing areas

  • Keeps Official out of the way

  • Officials’ “No-Man’s-Land”

    • Area that Officials must stay out of during play


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Field of

Vision


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No-Man’s-Land


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Starting The Game

  • Center Ice face-offs

    • Beginning of game: face the Timekeeper

    • Conduct face-off

    • Back toward side boards keeping play in field of vision


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Timekeeper


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Positioning: Following Play

  • Play moves from Neutral Zone to End Zone

    • Follow play 15-20 feet behind

    • Stay along boards (5-10 feet) when play is on own side of rink

    • Move only when path is clear


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10-15 ft.

Play


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Positioning: Following Play

  • Play in Neutral Zone (transitional play)

    • Skate slowly until play takes a definite direction

    • Stop and observe play whenever possible

    • Use a wide open field of vision to read play

  • Play reverses direction

    • Stop along boards and allow play to pass

    • Follow at the recommended distance


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Play


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Positioning in the End Zoneand on the Goal Line

  • Skate into End Zone

    • Skate hard into End Zone

    • No coasting keep feet moving

    • Get to the Goal Line quickly, but only when path is clear

    • Never cut through face-off spot


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Play


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Positioning in the End Zoneand on the Goal Line

  • Proper use of Home Base

    • Easy to move toward goal when shot on goal

    • Easy to move back back to corner when play moves to the Referee’s side

  • Following play out of the zone

    • Maintain proper distance

    • Wait on Goal Line until the play definitely leaves the zone


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Play


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Positioning During Face-Offs

  • Neutral Zone face-offs

    • Closer to the nearest goal, opposite side of ice

    • Out 15 feet from boards

    • 30 degree angle

  • End Zone face-offs

    • On Goal Line opposite side of ice

    • At Home Base

    • Ready position

  • After goals

    • Face players’ benches


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Face-Off

Neutral Zone Face-off


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Face-Off

End Zone Face-off


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Benches

After a Goal


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Post-Game Positioning

  • At the buzzer

    • Attend to any potential altercation or dispute immediately

    • Attention then focuses on the players benches for players leaving

  • During hand-shake line

    • In Referee’s Crease facing all players


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x

x

x x x

x x x

Benches

o o o

o o o

o

o

Post Game


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xo

xo

xo

xo

xo

xo

Hand Shake


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Linesman Position: 3 Man System


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Importance of Proper Positioning

  • Fundamental building block

  • Enables Official to see as muck action as possible (enhancing judgment)

  • Provides Official with safe viewing areas

  • Keeps Official out of the way

  • Keeps Official out of “No-Man’s-Land“


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Starting the Game

  • One Linesman at Blue Line (Visitor’s Bench)

  • Partner opposite side of ice on other Blue Line

  • Referee at Center Ice

  • Keep zones for ½ of game

    • Switch at the half-way point, during a stoppage, unless a team is shorthanded


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Basic Positioning Linesman: Start of Game


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Positioning During Play

  • Play leaving Neutral Zone and enters Attacking Zone

    • Official is at line before play

    • Partner moves into Neutral Zone (half way between Red Line and Blue Line)


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Play


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Positioning During Play

  • Play reverses and goes into opposite attacking zone

    • Back Official moves to his line backwards

    • Partner follows when all attacking players have left the zone


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Backward

Skate

Play


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Positioning During Play

  • Play in the Neutral Zone

    • Both Linesmen at their respective Blue Lines - (skates in the Attacking Zone)

    • Linesmen diagonally across from each other


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Play


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Positioning During Play

  • Neutral Zone face-offs

    • Linesman directly opposite side of the face-off

    • Must be ready to move in either direction with the play

      • Play goes toward his own end: follow and partner gets out of face-off

      • Play goes toward partners end: follow play, wait for partner to get back into position and release


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Positioning During Play

  • Release signal

    • Arm extended out from side pointing diagonally

  • After goal

    • One Linesman in front of scoring team’s bench (the “Happy Bench”)

    • Partner on opposite side of ice on other Blue Line


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Retrieving the Puck

  • Normal stoppages

    • Linesman in zone of stoppage spots face-off

    • Partner retrieves puck, hands off and returns to position

  • After goal

    • Linesman in zone of goal retrieves puck and hands off to Referee at center ice

    • Partner skates to middle of zone where goal was scored, then returns to normal position


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Normal Stoppages


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Goal Scored


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Retrieving the Puck

  • After a penalty

    • Linesman in zone of penalty spots face-off (escorts player for violent situation)

    • Partner retrieves puck, hands off and returns to position


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Positioning: 2 Man System


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Importance ofProper Positioning

  • Fundamental building block

  • Enables Official to see as much action as possible (enhancing judgment)

  • Provides Official with safe viewing areas

  • Keeps Official out of the way

  • Keeps Official out of “No-Man’s-Land”


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Field of

Vision


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No-Man’s-Land


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Starting the Game

  • One Referee at center ice

    • (Facing Timekeeper)

  • Partner on opposite side of ice on center red line

  • Continually switching ends throughout the game

  • When puck is dropped, free Referee moves with the play


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Positioning During Play

  • Play leaving Neutral Zone and enters Attacking Zone

    • Free Official is at line before play

    • Official moves to goal line after making call at Blue Line

      • Deep Official is responsible for watching play

      • Official on Blue Line watches in front of goal

    • Partner moves up to Blue Line


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Watches Behind Play

Watches Play


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Positioning During Play

  • Play reverses and goes into opposite Attacking Zone

    • Back Referee must wait at Blue Line to be sure play is leaving the zone

    • Back Referee moves to his line backwards

      • Makes call at Blue Line and follows play into zone

    • Partner skates quickly out of zone as players leave zone

      • Moves up to Blue Line


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Play


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Positioning During Play

  • Play in the Neutral Zone

    • Both Referees at their respective Blue Lines (skates in the Attacking Zone)

    • Referees always diagonally across from each other


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Play


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Positioning During Face-offs

  • Neutral Zone face-offs

    • Referee directly opposite side of the face-off

    • Must be ready to move in either direction with the play

      • Play goes toward his own end: follow and partner will respond

      • Play goes toward partner’s end: follow and continue with play


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Play


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Positioning During Face-offs

  • End Zone face-offs

    • Diagonally opposite on far Blue Line (10 feet from boards and inside zone)

    • Maintains line until play leaves zone

    • Referee conducting face-off moves to Goal Line or out of zone with play


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or


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Positioning in the End Zoneand on the Goal Line

  • Skating into End Zone

    • Skate hard into End Zone

    • No coasting keep feet moving

    • Get to Goal Line quickly, but only when the path is clear

    • Never cut through the face-off spot


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Positioning in the End Zoneand on the Goal Line

  • Proper use of Home Base

    • Easy to move toward goal when shot on goal

    • Easy to move back to corner when play moves to Referees side

  • Following play out of zone

    • Move quickly out of zone so partner can release Blue Line

    • Anticipate the play leaving the zone


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Positioning During Face-offs

  • Neutral Zone face-offs

    • Referee directly opposite side of the face-off

    • Must be ready to move in either direction with the play

      • Play goes toward his own end: follow and partner will respond

      • Play goes toward partner’s end: follow and continue with play


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Play


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Positioning During Face-offs

  • End Zone face-offs

    • Diagonally opposite on far Blue Line (10 feet from boards and inside zone)

    • Maintains line until play leaves zone

    • Referee conducting face-off moves to Goal Line or out of zone with play


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or


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Positioning in the End Zoneand on the Goal Line

  • Skating into End Zone

    • Skate hard into End Zone

    • No coasting keep feet moving

    • Get to Goal Line quickly, but only when the path is clear

    • Never cut through the face-off spot


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Positioning in the End Zoneand on the Goal Line

  • Proper use of Home Base

    • Easy to move toward goal when shot on goal

    • Easy to move back to corner when play moves to Referees side

  • Following play out of zone

    • Move quickly out of zone so partner can release Blue Line

    • Anticipate the play leaving the zone


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Golden Triangle

Home Base


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Post Game Positioning

  • At the buzzer

    • Check ice first for altercations

  • During hand-shake line

    • Referees on each side of line diagonally across from each other

    • Removed from players


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X O

X O

X O

X O

X O

X O


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Retrieving the Puck

  • Normal stoppages

    • Referee in zone of stoppage spots face-off

    • Partner retrieves puck, hands off and returns to position


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Normal Stoppages


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Retrieving the Puck

  • After goal

    • Referee in zone of goal reports goal and assists

    • Partner retrieves the puck and conducts ensuing face-off


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After Goal


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Retrieving the Puck

  • After penalty

    • Referee assessing penalty reports penalty

    • Partner retrieves puck and conducts face-off

    • “Free” partner check for potential altercation/uncooperative player before conducting face-off


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After Penalty


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Calling Off-Side Violations


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Positioning on the Blue line

  • Official on the Blue Line

    • Inside the line as play enters Attacking Zone

      • Provides proper angle on play

    • Must get a clear view of the determining edge of the line

  • Partner moves into position

    • Must be ready to cover in case Official is knocked off line


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Signals

  • Point to face-off

    • Full palm point with fingers together

  • Washout

    • Signal comes from chest then out

  • Slow “delayed” whistle

    • Flat palm, fingers together

    • (Junior and Adult classifications ONLY)


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Stopping Play for Off-Sides

  • Blue Line is part of zone from where the puck comes

  • Determining edge

  • Instant puck completely crosses line

  • Puck carried into Attacking Zone with teammate(s) off-side

    • Immediate whistle (no delay) and point to location of face-off

    • Official calling violation skates to spot of the face-off

    • Partner retrieves puck, hands it off and returns to position


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Stopping Play for Off-Sides

  • Puck shot into Attacking Zone with teammate(s) off-sides

    • Immediate whistle - all Youth classifications

    • New rule for 2003-04

  • Junior and Adult classifications ONLY

    • Delayed whistle (delay signal)

      • If puck goes to a defending player

      • Attacking players may clear zone (“tag-up”)


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Stopping Play for Off-Sides

  • Puck shot into Attacking Zone with teammate(s) off-sides (Juniors & Adults - continued)

    • Situation to nullify off-side (put arm down, no washout)

      • Defending team gains possession and gets puck out of zone

      • All attacking players simultaneously clear zone

    • Situation to blow whistle

      • Attacking player plays or makes contact with puck while delayed off-sides is still in effect

      • Attacking player forces opposing player with puck to retreat


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Stopping Play for Off-Sides

  • Calling Violation

    • Official calling violation skates to the spot of the face-off (where the puck was shot)

    • Partner retrieves puck, hands it off and returns to position

  • Intentional off-sides

    • Should be called in every case where the Official deems that there was no opportunity to complete a legal play

    • Regardless of the actions of the defending team


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Special Situations

  • Defending team shoots or plays the puck back into zone

    • Players on the attacking team are considered to be on-side

  • Deflections back into zone with members of attacking team in the attacking zone

    • Always off-sides

      • Off Referee/Linesman

      • Off defending player

      • Off defective boards


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Calling Icing Infractions


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Calling Icing

  • Criteria for calling icing

    • Puck shot from behind center Red Line

      • Center Red Line part of zone from where the puck comes

    • Crosses opposing Goal Line

    • Puck not touched beyond center Red Line

    • No chance to be played by defending team

      • Not including Goaltender

    • Team shooting puck is NOT short-handed


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Calling Icing

  • Mechanics of making call

    • Back Official

      • Initiates icing by signaling slow whistle

      • Skates to cover partner

    • Front Official

      • Acknowledges signal and skates into Attacking Zone

      • Blows whistle and raises arm when puck crosses goal line

      • Initiates call only when back Official doesn’t see


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Calling Icing

  • After blowing the whistle

    • Back Official

      • Points to face-off location

      • Skates (watching players) to face-off spot

      • Three strides then turns backwards

      • Icing signal at top of circle

    • Front Official

      • Retrieves puck, hands off and returns to position

    • Referee (3 man system) uninvolved

      • After whistle, skates as deep as furthest attacking player


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Icing Signals

  • Slow “delayed” whistle

  • Icing

  • Washout

  • Point to face-off

  • Release signal


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Washing Out Icing Infractions

  • Mechanics of washing out play

    • Back Official

      • Initiates icing

      • Cannot washout once play crosses center Red Line

      • Follows to cover partner

    • Front Official

      • Makes call

      • Washes out with verbal “NO” and moves back into position


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Basic Icing Judgment: Situations

  • Defending player able to play puck, but doesn’t

    • WASHOUT

  • Puck crosses through goal crease

    • STILL ICING

  • Puck deflected before crossing center red line

    • ICING: if by shooting team

    • NO ICING: if by defending team

  • Puck touched after crossing center red line

    • WASHOUT: if touched by either team


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Determining Face-Off Location


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  • Never closer to the goal than the End Zone face-off spot

  • Never closer to the side boards than imaginary line connecting face-off spots

  • Never in middle of ice

General Rules & End Zone Face-Offs


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Puck Frozen

Defending team: Nearest End Zone face-off spot

Attacking team: Nearest Neutral Zone face-off spot


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Puck Frozen

Face-off along line perpendicular from boards on imaginary line connecting face-off spots

Attacking team in Attacking Zone: Nearest Neutral Zone Face-off spot


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Icing

Face-Off

Icing


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Face-Off Location

  • Off-sides

    • Pass: from where puck was passed along imaginary line

    • Puck carried over: nearest Neutral Zone face-off spot

  • Puck frozen by Goaltender

    • Nearest End Zone spot to where puck was last shot or played

  • Penalty Call

    • Where puck was last played - along imaginary line

    • Attacking team in Attacking Zone: nearest Neutral Zone face-off spot


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Puck Shot Out of Rink

  • Stopping play

    • Any Official may stop play

  • Ensuing face-off

    • Official who stops play spots face-off

    • Partner retrieves puck


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Calling

Penalties


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What’s the call Ref ??


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Procedure for Calling Penalties

  • Penalty signals are vital

  • Penalty by team in possession of puck

    • Immediate whistle

  • Penalty by team not in possession of puck

    • Delayed “slow” whistle

    • When offending team gains possession of puck, sound whistle


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STOP

LOOK

ASSESS

Good signals are the Key


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Assessment Procedure

  • Point to player (look past player)

    • Open palm, closed fingers

  • Verbalize number and color

  • Signal and verbalize infraction

    • Do not indicate type of penalty (minor, major, etc.)


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Reporting Procedure

  • 3 strides forward then backwards to the penalty bench

    • Watch penalized player and others

  • Stop at penalty bench

  • Signal and verbalize infraction

  • Proper cadence through entire procedure


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Penalty Signals

Demonstration of Penalty Signals

(See “Official Signals” Power Point Show)


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Do’s and Don'ts ofPenalty Assessment

  • Slow, controlled cadence

  • No thumbs out

  • No skating through signals

  • No hurrying through signals

  • No facial expressions

  • No creative signals

  • Always repeat signal at Penalty Bench


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Verbal Communication

  • Importance of verbal communication

    • Explains penalty reason

    • Official should briefly explain to player (younger age groups only)

  • Be brief and to the point

  • Speak to Captains

    • Coaches when necessary

    • Other reasonable players also


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Special Situations

  • Bench minor penalties

    • Served by any player except goaltender

  • Goaltender penalties (minor, major, misconduct)

    • Served by a player on the ice at the time of infraction

  • Injured player

    • Substitute player to serve penalty

    • Once injured player returns, must take his place in penalty box


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Special Situations

  • Minor plus major, misconduct, game misconduct, etc.

    • Additional player on penalty bench till minor expires (cannot be Goaltender)

  • Major plus major, misconduct, game misconduct, etc.

    • Additional player on penalty bench till major expires (cannot be Goaltender)


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Judgment


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Officials are Teachers

  • Teach the playing rules at lower levels of hockey to:

    • Players

    • Coaches

    • Parents

    • Spectators

  • Very little judgment is necessary in lower classifications


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Officials are Teachers

  • Penalties are always a penalty in mite and squirt classifications

  • Penalties must always be assessed at the lower levels whether accidental or intentional

    • EXAMPLES:

      • Tripping

      • High sticking

      • Checking or roughing

      • Holding

      • Slashing


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Officials are Teachers

  • Judgment comes into play more and is taught as Officials progress to higher levels

  • Rule knowledge is important at all levels of hockey


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Awarding Goalsand Assists


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Awarding Goals

  • Puck must completely cross the Goal Line

  • Goal credited to player who propelled the puck into opponents’ goal

  • Puck enters goal as a result of action by a defending player

    • Last player from scoring team to legally play the puck


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Awarding Goals

  • Goal credited to attacking player who deflected puck into opponents’ goal

  • Goal shall be disallowed when

    • Puck strikes an Official and enters directly into the net

    • Puck is kicked by an attacking player and enters the goal

    • Puck is illegally (hand, foot) directed by an attacking player and enters the goal


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Awarding Assists

  • Assist(s) credited to player(s) taking part in the play immediately preceding the goal

  • Maximum of two assists per goal

  • Player cannot be credited with a goal and assist on the same goal


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Procedure for Awarding Goals and Assists

  • Referee or front Official is responsible for awarding goals and assists

    • May ask for help from partner(s)

  • When goal is scored

    • Referee should point with non whistle hand in the direction of the goal

    • Referee should blow the whistle at the same time


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Procedure for Awarding Goals and Assists

  • Reporting procedure

    • 3 strides forward then backward to the scorers’ bench (watch all players)

    • Stop at bench

    • Report player number to be credited with the goal followed by the assist(s)

    • Skate to proper position for face-off


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Disallowed Goals

  • Blow whistle and immediately give washout signal

  • Report reason why goal was disallowed to game Timekeeper


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Injured Players


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Stopping Play

  • Thought to be serious injury

    • Stop play immediately

    • Always be overcautious

  • Not a serious injury

    • Stop play when team of injured player gains possession of the puck

    • Monitor injured player while play continues

  • Always err on the side of safety


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Once Play has been Stopped

  • Closest Official immediately skates to injured player

  • Partner(s) monitor other players

  • Motion coach/trainer onto ice to assist injured player

  • Monitor injured player until coach/trainer arrives

    • Do not try to move player or remove equipment

    • Verbally calm injured player and assess injury


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Once Play has been Stopped

  • Move away when coach/trainer arrive

    • Let them attend to injured player

    • Stay close enough to provide emergency assistance

    • But far enough away to prevent unnecessary verbal abuse

  • Allow time to assess injury before removing player from ice

  • If play was stopped for injured player

    • Player must leave the ice, and may not return until after the next face-off has been completed


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Equipment Regulations


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Protective Equipment

  • Helmets: ALL PLAYERS

    • Must wear a helmet designed for hockey

    • Must wear a HECC approved helmet

    • Must wear a chin strap properly fastened

    • Must wear helmet/facemask on players’/penalty bench

    • Officials must wear a black hockey helmet


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Protective Equipment

  • Skates

    • Must be hockey skates (not figure or speed skates)

    • Any dangerous skates - player must be removed from the ice

  • Mouthpiece

    • All players must wear in Pee Wee through Junior, and Girls/Women Squirt through Midget classifications


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Protective Equipment

  • Facemask

    • All Youth players must wear HECC approved facemask

  • USA Hockey strongly recommends all Officials wear a half-shield visor

  • All players must wear the required protective equipment in the manner for which it is designed


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Dangerous Equipment

  • Gloves in which all or part of the palm has been removed

  • Pads or protectors made of metal, or of materials likely to cause injury

  • Casts or splints made of hard or unyielding materials

  • Sticks that are partially broken at the tip of the blade


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Equipment Measurement

  • Only the Captain, during a stoppage of play, can request any equipment measurement

  • Maximum of one measurement per team per stoppage of play


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Off-Ice Officials and Their Roles

  • Timekeeper

    • Responsible for the operating the time clock and keeping track of penalty times

  • Official Scorer

    • Records all goals, assists, saves and penalties on the official score sheet

    • Secures players roster prior to the game

    • May also serve as the announcer

    • Makes sure the official score sheet is properly signed and distributed following the game


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Off-Ice Officials and Their Roles

  • Penalty Bench attendants

    • Opens the door for penalized players

    • Assists the Timekeeper in monitoring penalty times

  • Officials may have to be patient with Off-Ice Officials at lower levels

    • Often times volunteer parents

    • Very little knowledge of rules and responsibilities


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Post Game Duties and Responsibilities


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Hand-Shake Responsibilities

  • At the end of the game- all players separated

  • One official on each side of the hand-shake line

  • Monitor entire line for potential problems

  • Maintain a quiet presence


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Escorting Teams Off the Ice

  • Hold one team if common exit

  • Monitor players off ice until in dressing room

  • Maintain quiet presence and awareness

  • Limit conversations with players to rules questions or other pertinent topics

  • Maintain a professional appearance at all times


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Signing the Score Sheet

  • Check for accuracy and completeness

  • Note any special circumstances

  • Cross off any blank areas

  • Sign your name legibly


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Leaving the Ice

  • Keep sweater zipped and helmet on

  • Move quickly- avoid conversations with spectators

  • Maintain professional appearance and demeanor


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Officials’ Dressing Room

  • Discuss game situations with partner

  • Respect partner’s privacy regarding visitors

  • Clean up dressing area for next officiating crew

  • If another game follows, make sure that Officials are there to work the game


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Communication with Players/Coaches


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Why Use Universal Communication?

  • The most effective means of communication

  • The manner in which it is done is a reflection of the officials attitude

  • Allows for the spirit of cooperation

  • Has influence on the overall acceptability of the officials attitude

  • Effective way for the official to gain respect

  • Honesty is the best policy


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When to Use Verbal Communication

  • During the assessment of a penalty

  • Close plays on the blue line or icings

  • When rule or ruling needs to be explained

  • Explanation of multiple penalty situations and penalty expirations

  • When a verbal warning is necessary before assessing a penalty or stopping play

    • EXAMPLE: “ Move the puck.”


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Coaches vs. Captains

  • Talk to coach when:

    • Younger level of players involved

    • Complicated situation that is difficult for captain to translate

    • Coach is calm and has a reasonable question or genuine concern


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Coaches vs. Captains

  • Talk to Captain when:

    • Older players involved

    • Simple situation that can be easily be translated to the coach

    • Captain addresses you with a reasonable question or concern

    • Coach is unruly and unreasonable


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Communication Tips

  • When speaking one-on-one: be soft spoken and honest

  • Apologize when you make a mistake, being careful not to over apologize

  • Answer all reasonable questions

  • Avoid judgment discussions

  • Avoid undermining other officials


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Communication Tips

  • Be specific when verbalizing

  • Avoid threatening players or coaches

  • Be sympathetic

  • Avoid the “high and mighty” syndrome

  • Never use obscene or vulgar language


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Role of the Supervisor


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The Game Assignor

  • Must be willing to involve everybody

  • Special effort to get new Officials involved

  • Communicate with youth administrators regarding assignments

  • Be fair in assignments

  • Assign appropriate skill levels to each game

  • Allow for development of officiating skills

  • Avoid overexposure of Officials and teams


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Senior Officials

  • Provide support and information

  • Work with younger Officials

  • Help locate equipment

  • Help with test or answering questions

  • Help in the assignment of games


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Senior Officials

  • Provide a positive officiating experience

  • Teach only approved USA Hockey techniques

  • Use a soft-spoken approach

  • Be honest when discussing performance

  • Use others only as positive examples


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USA Hockey Evaluators

  • “Coaches” of the officiating world

  • Provide instructional follow-up which reinforces materials presented at seminar

  • Dedicated to improving quality and consistency of officiating

  • Provide positive feedback

  • Provide ways to overcome weakness

  • Encourage continued development and improvement


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USA Hockey Evaluators

  • Objective in their assessment

  • Have a thorough understanding of USA Hockey rules and procedures

  • Develop and encourage a positive relationship

  • Be a good listener and sympathetic

  • Be honest

  • Promote enthusiasm towards the perfection of officiating skills


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End of Slide ShowGood Luck!


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