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Breast Cancer. This Presentation provided by . The American Cancer Society The University of Georgia Cooperative Extension Service The Department of Human Resources. What Is Cancer?. Cancer is the name given to a large number of diseases. Breast Structure. Breast Cancer Facts.

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Breast Cancer

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Breast Cancer


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This Presentation provided by

  • The American Cancer Society

  • The University of Georgia Cooperative Extension Service

  • The Department of Human Resources


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What Is Cancer?

Cancer is the name given to a large number of diseases.


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Breast Structure


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Breast Cancer Facts

  • 2nd leading cause of death

  • 2ndmost common cancer

  • Incidence increases with age

  • All women are at risk


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Breast Cancer in USA

Oneout ofeight American womenwill be diagnosed with breast cancer


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Breast Cancer in Georgia

  • It is the most common cancer in Georgia women.

  • It is the second cause of death.

  • Every year in Georgia over 5,200 women are diagnosed with this disease

  • Every year over 1,100 died of breast cancer

    _________________________________________________________

    Sources: Georgia Comprehensive Cancer Registry, 2003


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Breast Cancer in Georgia

Breast Cancer Incidence and Mortality Rates by Race,

US (1996-2000) and GA (1999-2000; 1997-2001)

Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population.


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Breast Cancer in Georgia

Georgia Breast Cancer Incidence and Mortality by Age Group

Georgia Breast Cancer Incidence and Mortality by Age Group

Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population.


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Breast Cancer Risk Factorsthat cannot be changed

Age

GENDER - All

women are

at risk

Reproductive

History

Family/Personal

History

Menstrual

History

Race

Radiation

Treatment with

DES

Genetic

Factors


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Breast Cancer Risk Factorsthat can be controlled

Obesity

Obesity

All

women are

at risk

All

women are

at risk

Not having

children

Not having

children

Exercise

Exercise

Breastfeeding

Breastfeeding

Birth Control

Pills

Birth Control

Pills

Hormone

Replacement

Therapy

Hormone

Replacement

Therapy

Alcohol

Alcohol


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A Good Breast Health Plan

  • Mammograms

  • Clinical Breast Examination (CBE)

  • Self Awareness (Monthly Self Exams) (BSE)


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Mammography

Average-size lump found by woman practicing occasional breast self-exam (BSE)

Average-size lump found by woman practicing regular breast self-exam (BSE)

Average-size lump found by first mammogram

Average-size lump found by getting regular mammograms


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Warning Signs

Warning signs and symptoms:

  • Painless lump or thickening

  • Thickening or swelling that persist

  • Nipple pain or retraction

  • Breast skin irritation or dimpling

  • Spontaneous discharge

Early breast cancer

may not have symptoms.


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American Cancer SocietyScreening Recommendations

  • Annual mammograms, starting at age 40

  • Clinical breast exams

    • every year starting at age 40

    • every 3 years for women age

      20-39

  • Self-breast exams monthly, starting at age 20


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Mammogram: Things to Consider.

  • Cost.

  • What to wear?

  • Who will perform the mammogram?

  • Time for procedure.

  • You may feel some discomfort.

  • When to expect the results?

  • 1 or 2 mammograms out of every 1,000 lead to a diagnosis of cancer.

  • How often should I get a mammogram?


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Breast Cancer Treatments

  • Surgery

  • Chemotheraphy

  • Radiation Therapy

  • Hormone Theraphy

  • Immunotherapy


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Nutrition Guidelines

  • Eat a variety of healthful foods, with an emphasis on plant sources.

  • Adopt a physically active lifestyle.

  • Maintain a healthful weight throughout life.

  • If you drink alcoholic beverages, limit consumptions.


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Resources

Low income and uninsured women could have their clinical breast exam and mammogram throught the BreasTEST & MOREat low or not cost to them.

For more information please call 1-800-227-2345 and ask for the closest center to you place of residence.


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For more information

1-800-ACS-2345

www.cancer.org


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