SAFE MOTHERHOOD
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PowerPoint Slideshow about 'SAFE MOTHERHOOD' - Angelica


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Safe motherhood

Safe motherhood is a woman’s ability to havea safe and healthy pregnancy and delivery.

Nearly every minute, one woman dies from the complications of pregnancy and childbirth. Thatis more than 500,000 women dying each year;99% of these deaths occur in the developing world.


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*Other direct causes include,for example: ectopic pregnancy,embolism, anesthesia-related.

**Indirect Causes20%

Severe Bleeding24%

** Indirect causes include,for example: anemia, malaria,heart disease

*Other Direct Causes 8%

Infection 15%

ObstructedLabor 8%

Eclampsia 12%

Unsafe Abortion13%

Causes of maternal deaths worldwide

Complications of pregnancy and childbirth are the leading causes of death and disability for women aged 15 to 49 in developing countries.


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Why is maternal mortality so high?

Maternal death and disability is a tragedy that has no single cause or solution.

  • Contributing factors include:

    • Difficulty of predictingand/or preventing obstetriccomplications

    • Lack ofaccess to goodquality maternal health services

    • Poor health before and during pregnancy

    • Women’s low social and economic status


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What are the social and economic

costs of unsafe motherhood?

  • Long or short term illness

    • As many as 300 million women are suffering from physical ailments related to pregnancy and childbirth.

  • Infant mortality

    • Children are 3-10 times more likely to die when they lose their mothers.

  • Family poverty

    • A woman’s death or illness perpetuates and increases household poverty.

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Family and community involvementcan make motherhood safer

By promoting:

Proper nutrition before and during pregnancy

Reduced workload during pregnancy and after delivery

Knowledge of the signs of life-threatening complications before,during, and after delivery and where/when to seek appropriate care

Planned delivery with a skilled birth attendant


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Ensuring access to maternal health services can save lives

  • Life-saving maternal health services can be provided to women at a minimal cost of US$2 per person per year in low-income countries.

  • Essential services include:

    • Skilled birth attendants before, during, and after delivery

    • Essential obstetric care for management of complications

    • Postpartum family planning counseling and contraception

    • Postabortion care

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What is a skilled birth attendant?

A skilled birth attendantis a midwife, nurse, or doctor who has been trained to proficiency in the skills necessary to:

  • manage normal deliveries

  • diagnose, manage, and/or refer obstetric complications

  • Only 53% of deliveries in the developing world are attended by a skilled attendant, and only 40% take place in a hospital or health center.


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    Reducing maternal mortality in lowGNP countries

    • Sri Lanka reduced its national maternal mortality ratio from 1,650per 100,000 live births to just 23 per 100,000 in the last 50 years.

      • Achieved through increased access to health facilities, expansionof midwifery care, and acceptance of family planning.

    • Malaysia increased the percentage of women delivering with a skilled attendant from 57% to 98% in the last 20 years. The country’s maternal mortality ratio declined from 570 per 100,000 live births to 20 per 100,000, in the last 43 years.

      • Achieved through political commitment to public health, supportof midwifery throughout health system, and the institution of maternal death audits.



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