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NAPA implementation in practice – current status of the LDCF portfolio. Prepared for LEG stocktaking meeting on the National Adaptation Programmes of Action 3-5 September, 2007 by Bonizella Biagini, Cluster Coordinator Climate Change , Adaptation Global Environment Facility.

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Napa implementation in practice current status of the ldcf portfolio l.jpg
NAPA implementation in practice – current status of the LDCF portfolio

Prepared for

LEG stocktaking meeting on the National Adaptation Programmes of Action 3-5 September, 2007

by

Bonizella Biagini, Cluster Coordinator

Climate Change, Adaptation

Global Environment Facility


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LDCF LDCF portfolio – Operational Principles and Priorities

  • Scope of the LDCF:

    • Support for the Preparation of NAPAs (almost completed)

    • Support for the Implementation of NAPAs to finance the urgent and immediate adaptation needs in Least Developed Countries as identified in completed National Adaptation Plan of Actions (NAPAs) (ongoing)

  • Priority Areas, as identified by the NAPAs:

    Water Resources;

    Food Security and Agriculture;

    Health;

    Disaster Preparedness and Risk Management;

    Coastal zone management and Infrastructure;

    Natural Resource Management;

    Community Level Adaptation.


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First Ten Projects submitted for NAPA Implementation under the LDCF

BangladeshCommunity Based Adaptation to CC through Coastal Afforestation, UNDP, $3M

BhutanReduce CC-induced Risks and Vulnerabilities from Glacial Lake Outbursts in the Punakha-Wangdi and Chamkar Valleys, UNDP, $3.6M

CambodiaBuilding Capacities to Integrate Water Resources Planning in Agricultural Development, UNDP, $1.8M

Djibouti Reducing impacts and vulnerability of coastal productive systems in Djibouti, UNEP, $2M

Eritrea Integrating Climate Change Risks into Community Based Livestock Management in the Northwestern Lowlands of Eritrea, UNDP, $3M

MalawiClimate Adaptation for Rural Livelihoods and Agriculture (CARLA), AfDB, $3M

Mauritania Reducing Vulnerability of Arid Oasian Zones to Climate Change through Improved Watershed Management, UNEP, $1.3M

NigerImplementing NAPA Priories to Build Resilience and Adapt. Capacity of the Agriculture Sector to CC in Niger, UNDP, $2M

SamoaIntegrated Climate Change Adaptation in Samoa , UNDP, $2M

Sudan Implementing NAPA priority interventions to build resilience in the agriculture and water sectors to the adverse impacts of climate change in Sudan, UNDP, $3M

 total expected allocation from LDCF/GEF (incl. fees and prep.):$28.4M



Bangladesh community based adaptation to climate change through coastal afforestation ldcf l.jpg

LDCF/GEF $3.00M the LDCF

CC Vulnerabilities:

Sea level rise and saltwater intrusion makes former agricultural land uninhabitable/non productive

Rising frequency of storms and floods poses risks to infrastructure and life in the coastal zone

Adaptation Actions:

Pilots implemented at community level

Forest management and mangrove/wetland restoration  natural coastal protection

Innovative ways of securing potable water

Promotion of alternative livelihoods

Improving institutional and technical capacity, including Early Warning Systems

Outcomes:

Reduced risk of hunger, migration and conflict over reduced resources

Reduced loss of life and infrastructure from climate change induced disasters

Bangladesh:Community Based Adaptation to Climate Change through Coastal Afforestation (LDCF)


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LDCF/GEF $3.64M the LDCF

CC Vulnerabilities:

Glacial lakes reaches critical threshold as Himalayan glaciers melt  massive flashfloods in river valleys

Adaptation Actions:

Increase disaster risk management capacity in affected valleys

Artificial lowering of water level in glacial lakes

Creation of an Early Warning System for glacial flashfloods

Outcomes:

Decreased risk of massive destruction from glacial flash floods

Limitation of human and economic loss if/when catastrophic flash floods occur

Bhutan: Reduce CC-induced Risks and Vulnerabilities from Glacial Lake Outbursts in the Punakha-Wangdi and Chamkar Valleys (LDCF)


Cambodia building capacities to integrate water resources planning in agricultural development ldcf l.jpg

LDCF/GEF $1.85M the LDCF

CC Vulnerabilities:

Increased drought and/or flooding poses risk to agricultural sector and food security

Adaptation Actions:

Training of ‘adaptation experts’ in agricultural extension teams

Implementation of pilot projects in local communities

Rainwater harvesting techniques

Measures to decrease soil erosion and preserve genetic diversity in rice agriculture

Changed design of reservoirs and irrigation channels to prevent risks from increased peak flows

Lessons learned disseminated to national and international levels

Outcomes:

Increased food security and sustainable agricultural development

Reduced risks of climate induced disasters

Cambodia:Building Capacities to Integrate Water Resources Planning in Agricultural Development (LDCF)


Djibouti reducing impacts and vulnerability of coastal productive systems in djibouti l.jpg

LDCF/GEF $2M the LDCF

CC Vulnerabilities:

Decreasing availability of fresh water caused by decreasing rainfall and salt water intrusion

Increasing risk of coastal erosion and inundation

Increasing frequencies of flash floods

Adaptation Actions:

Rehabilitation of natural coastal buffers such as mangroves and coral reefs. Provision of alternate livelihood options to relieve the root causes of destruction of coastal buffers.

Strengthened Early Warning System, and improved disaster management capacity

Increased institutional capacity to implement integrated coastal zone management, including CC effects on productive coastal systems, in particular in the water, fisheries and coastal agriculture sectors.

Outcomes:

Reduced risks of climate induced disasters

Reduced impact of CC on productivity and food security in coastal communities

Djibouti:Reducing Impacts and Vulnerability of Coastal Productive Systems in Djibouti


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LDCF/GEF $3M the LDCF

CC Vulnerabilities:

Increased frequency of seasonal and multi-year droughts  reduced productivity of pastoralist systems  decreasing food security for an already marginalized group.

Adaptation Actions:

Pilot demonstrations of improved water and forage management systems which incorporate the effects of CC

Improved dissemination of short to medium term climate forecasts to pastoral communities

Promotion of alternative and/or supplemental livelihoods for pastoral communities

Capacity building for agricultural extension service to better understand water and forage management in the context of CC

Outcomes:

Food security and sustainable development for pastoral communities

Reduced competition for water resources between agriculturalists and pastoralists in the face of increasing water stresses.

Eritrea:Integrating Climate Change Risks into Community Based Livestock Management in the Northwestern Lowlands of Eritrea


Malawi climate adaptation from rural livelihoods and agriculture ldcf l.jpg

LDCF/GEF amount:: $3.00 million the LDCF

CC Vulnerabilities:

Drought and rainfall variability will pose risks to the agricultural sector and food security

Adaptation Actions:

Targeted adaptation pilots including

Crop diversification

Improved cropping sequences

Conservation tillage

Irrigation and efficient water use

Food storage

Creation of an enabling environment for Climate Risk Management

Policy development and implementation

Institutional coordination

Generation of knowledge and awareness raising

Outcomes:

Increased food security and sustainable agricultural development

Malawi:Climate Adaptation from Rural Livelihoods and Agriculture (LDCF)


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LDCF/GEF amount:: $1.33 million the LDCF

CC vulnerabilities:

Decreasing rainfall combined with poor water management  poor recharging of vital ground water aquifers and oasian zones

Adaptation Actions:

Demonstration projects to improve capacity and awareness for sustainable water management

Run-off dikes to capture rainfall

Promotion of water efficient technologies

Dissemination of ‘drip irrigation’ techniques

Building codes to prevent building of structures on ground water recharge zones

Policy and institutional support to improve long term planning in water management

Outcomes:

Sustainable availability of water for agriculture, domestic use and tourism purposes

Mauritania:Reducing Vulnerability of Arid Oasian Zones to Climate Change and Variability through Improved Watershed Management (LDCF)


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LDCF/GEF amount:: $2.00 million the LDCF

CC Vulnerabilities:

Decreasing rainfall and increasing temperatures limits productivity of both agriculture and pastoralism  reduced food security and land degradation

Adaptation Actions:

Pilot measures implemented at community level

Water harvesting techniques

Introduction of drought resistant varieties of local crops

Facilitation of food banks

Promotion of irrigation from the Niger River

Institutional support for the agricultural sector

Distribution of seasonal forecasts and extension services to farmers

Outcomes:

Increased food security and sustainable agricultural development

Niger:Implementing NAPA Priority Interventions to Build Resilience and Adaptive Capacity of the Agriculture Sector to Climate Change in Niger (LDCF)


Samoa integrated climate change adaptation in samoa ldcf l.jpg

LDCF/GEF amount:: $2.00 million the LDCF

CC Vulnerabilities:

Sea Level Rise  loss of land and salt intrusion into freshwater  loss of livelihood

Increased storm activity  flooding, loss of life, crops and infrastructure

Increasing frequencies of climate related health problems

Increasing intensity of both rainfall and drought  loss of crops and agricultural productivity

Adaptation Actions:

Improvement of health sector capacity

Pilot measures on agriculture and food security

Improving and disseminating seasonal forecasts

Improvement of Early Warning System

Outcomes:

Decreased loss of life to tropical disease

Increased food and water security

Decreased loss of life and livelihood from climate disaster events

Samoa:Integrated Climate Change Adaptation in Samoa (LDCF)


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LDCF/GEF amount:: $2.00 million the LDCF

CC Vulnerabilities:

Decreasing annual rainfall, increasing rainfall variability and temperatures  agro-climatic zones shift southwards  small scale rain fed farmers unable to sustain current production levels

Adaptation Actions:

Pilot measures implemented locally, including:

Improved water harvesting, storage, and small scale irrigation techniques

Introduction of new heat and drought tolerant plant varieties

Planting of wind barriers and trees along irrigation canals

Rehabilitation of vegetation cover and rangelands

Improved Early Warning System, and capacity building at local and national levels

Outcomes:

Increased food security and sustainable agricultural development

Sudan:Implementing NAPA priority interventions to build resilience in the agriculture and water sectors to the adverse impacts of climate change in Sudan


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Burundi the LDCF

Burkina Faso

Ethiopia

Haiti

Liberia

Rwanda

Zambia

Will be submitted before the next LDCF/SCCF council meeting

LDCF – Expected submissions


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LDCF the LDCF – Operational and Programming Experience: Positive Remarks

On NAPA implementation:

  • 10 projects have been submitted to the GEF

  • More projects are expected in the next few months

  • We are overall satisfied by both the level of resources that are currently available and the positive response from the LDCs;

  • The LDCs and the Agencies have appreciated the special options available for the LDCF (such as MSPs up to $2 million);


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LDCF the LDCF – Operational and Programming Experience: Challenges

  • General issue of integrating adaptation measures into development plans, programs and projects

  • Different baselines and in country capacity

  • Prioritization: one or more sectors?

  • Need for much more frequent interactions with GEF Agencies and upstream consultations and direct involvement of GEF

  • Costs of adaptation

  • Comparative advantage

  • Adamant linkage between adaptation and development: expected increased role of regional development banks and other development-related agencies


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LDCF the LDCF – Existing Resources and Projected Needs

  • $150 million mobilized insofar

  • Initial targeted resources for NAPA implementation $124 million

  • As $10 million were utilized for NAPA preparation

  • => $140 are available for projects –we have already exceeded the initial target!

  • GEF continues to mobilize funds

  • Pledges continue to come


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Thank you the LDCF

GEF Adaptation-related papers

www.thegef.org

GEF projects database:

www.gefonline.org


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