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Israel and the American Cyrus. Celebrating 60 Years. One of the “proudest moments” of my life. Recognizing Israel Promptly May 14, 1948 6:11 pm EST. Truman’s Favorite Psalm Number 137. “By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea, we wept, when we remembered Zion.”.

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Celebrating 60 Years

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Israel and the American Cyrus

Celebrating 60 Years


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One of the “proudest moments” of my life

Recognizing Israel Promptly

May 14, 1948

6:11 pm EST


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Truman’s Favorite PsalmNumber 137

“By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea, we wept, when we remembered Zion.”


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A Homeland of Their Own

The President insisted that the Old Testament had made a commitment to the Jewish people that someday they would have a homeland of their own.


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President Truman and Chaim Weizmann the president of the World Zionist Agency

“I had faith in Israel even before it was established. I knew it was based on the love of freedom, which has been the guiding star of the Jewish people since the days of Moses.”


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Early History

Israel has been a sacred place for Jewish people since biblical times. According to the Torah, it was a land promised by God to Jews as their homeland.


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Early Immigration to Palestine

The reason for the mass migration of Jews was due to the Russian persecution of Jews.

When the czar Alexander II of Russia was assassinated, the Jews were blamed, and many settlement options were taken away from them.

Czar Alexander II


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The Second Aliyah

Between the years of 1904 and 1914, the Second Aliyah took place. This was an event in which approximately 40,000 Jews immigrated to Palestine. Most of these Jews came from Russia and Poland.


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During World War I, British Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour issued the Balfour Declaration. This document viewed with favor the establishment of Palestine becoming a national home for the Jewish people.


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The Jewish Legion, a battalion composed of Zionist volunteers, assisted in the British conquest of Palestine. When the Arabs opposed the plan, the 1920 Palestine riots began. This led to the formation of the Jewish group known as Haganah, or the defense in Hebrew.


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The League of Nations

In 1922, the League of Nations granted the United Kingdom a mandate over Palestine. They stated it would “secure the establishment of the Jewish national home.”

The League of Nations


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Jewish immigration continued with the Third and Fourth Aliyah between the years of 1919 and 1929. During this period of time 100,000 Jews immigrated to Palestine.


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British Mandate of Palestine

The British Mandate of Palestine, or the Mandate of Palestine, was international recognition for establishing Palestine as a national home for Jewish people. The mandate began in 1920.


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Jaffa Riots

The Jaffa Riots were the riots and killings between the Arabs and the Jews in the British Mandate of Palestine in 1921 between May 1st and May 7th. These riots resulted in the death of 47 Jews, 48 Arabs, and also left 146 Jews and 73 Arabs injured.


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World War II

The rise of Nazism in Europe led to the Fifth Aliyah, which resulted in the influx of a quarter of a million Jews. This great influx led to the Arab Revolt of 1936 – 1939. With many countries turning down Jews who were fleeing the Holocaust, the Aliyah Bet was organized to bring Jews to Palestine.


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Aliyah Bet

The Aliyah Bet was the code name given to illegal immigration of Jews to the British Mandate of Palestine against British laws forbidding immigration. This helped Jews escaping Europe during the Holocaust.


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Increase in Population

At the end of World War II in 1945, Jews made up 33 % of Palestine’s population. This was up from the 11 % that populated the area in 1922.


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Becoming a Country

After 1945, the United Kingdom became increasingly violent with the Jews. In 1947, the British government withdrew from the Mandate of Palestine stating that they were unable to find a solution between the Jews and Arabs conflicts over Palestine.


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The State Department Opposed Zionism


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The Pentagon Opposed Zionism


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The Intellligence Agencies Opposed Zionism


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but, Harry Truman ordered implementation of pro-Zionist initiatives between 1945-47.


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Truman requested that Britain revoke the White papers of 1939 which limited Jewish migration to Palestine.


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Truman endorsed a Jewish state when he gave, what is now known as the Yom Kippur statement on October 4, 1946.


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Truman endorsed a 1947 United Nations partition proposal on terms favorable to the prospective Jewish state.


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The International City: Jerusalem

The United Nations, on November 29, 1947, approved the UN Partition Plan. This divided Israel in two, one side for the Jews, the other for the Arabs. Jerusalem was to be international city.


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Harry S. Truman

On May 12th, 1948 at a meeting in the Oval Office, President Harry Truman stated that the Middle East was a place of no democratic government. He felt that if Israel was recognized as a country, it could be a place of such government.


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Independence Day In Israel

On May 14, 1948 the State of Israel was proclaimed. This was one day before the Mandate of Palestine expired..


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One of the “proudest moments” of my life

Recognizing Israel Promptly

May 14, 1948

6:11 pm EST


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By clicking on Truman on the next slide, you will view a history of Israel in sixty seconds.


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President HarryTruman, Ambassador Abba Eban and Israel’s first President, David Ben-Gurion on May 8, 1948.


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What Do You Think?In the American government, what agencies were against recognition of Israel? Why do you think they took this position?


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What Do You Think?What were some influences on President Truman that you believe affected his decision to recognize Israel as a new nation?


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What Do You Think?If Truman were not the President, would Israel have been recognized in 1948? So promptly? Be specific with details.


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