Interpreting us foreign policy i
Download
1 / 21

Interpreting US Foreign Policy I - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 406 Views
  • Updated On :

Interpreting US Foreign Policy (I). Why Study US Foreign Policy?. Security threats to the US Global weapon proliferation WMD & terrorist groups WMD & rouge states Disease of Mass Destruction (DMD) SARS Avian Influenza Threats are real at home 1993 World Trade Center bombing

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Interpreting US Foreign Policy I' - Angelica


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Why study us foreign policy l.jpg
Why Study US Foreign Policy?

  • Security threats to the US

    • Global weapon proliferation

      • WMD & terrorist groups

      • WMD & rouge states

      • Disease of Mass Destruction (DMD)

        • SARS

        • Avian Influenza

    • Threats are real at home

      • 1993 World Trade Center bombing

      • 2001 Terrorist attacks

    • Security threats affect daily lives of Americans

      • Enhanced security check at airport

      • Potential impact on civil liberties


Why study us foreign policy3 l.jpg
Why Study US Foreign Policy?

  • Economic Interdependence

    • Increasing share of GDP from foreign trade

      • > 10% in 1960

      • > 25% in 2006

    • Int’l division of labor & US employment

      • Outsourcing production

      • Dependence on foreign consumer goods

    • Foreign currency exchange rates

      • Trade deficits & undervalued foreign currency

    • Foreign investment

      • FDI (foreign direct investment) & growth

      • Growth rate & employment


Why study us foreign policy4 l.jpg
Why Study US Foreign Policy?

  • US & Global Society

    • Foreign domestic politics impact USA

      • Foreign environmental mismanagement

        • China’s desertification & sand storm

      • Foreign wildlife mismanagement

        • China’s wildlife survival crisis & SARS

      • Foreign farm animal welfare crisis

        • Threat of global spread of avian influenza

      • Poverty & immigration issue

        • Border security & relations with Mexico


Why study us foreign policy5 l.jpg
Why Study US Foreign Policy?

  • Ethnic diversity of American society

    • Foreign born Americans & their ethnic culture

      • “Little Italy,” “Little Havana,” “China Town”

      • Foreign culture impact mainstream life

        • Foreign cuisine impacts American eating habit

        • Foreign arts & cultural products infiltrate American society

          • Jackie Chen & Chinese martial arts

          • Pokemon cards, hello kitty & American youth

      • Understanding foreign culture = understanding own culture


Why study us foreign policy6 l.jpg
Why Study US Foreign Policy?

  • US Preeminence in World Politics

    • Only superpower

      • Enormous political influence

        • American democracy serves to inspire …

      • Superior military capability

        • Global presence and global reach

          • Iraq, Afghanistan, Bosnia-Herzegovina

          • Japan, South Korea, Germany, Cuba, …

      • Extensive diplomatic engagement

        • North Korea, Iran & weapons proliferation issue

        • Israel-Palestine conflict

      • Economic might

        • China rising on ferocious American appetite for Chinese goods


Why study us foreign policy7 l.jpg
Why Study US Foreign Policy?

  • US Preeminence in World Politics

    • Only superpower

      • Economic might

        • China rising on ferocious American appetite for Chinese goods

        • American tourists enrich Caribbean & other destinations

        • Popularity of American products overseas

          • American cigarettes, cars, McDonalds, KFC, Coca-cola

  • American citizens & foreign policy

    • Informed citizens exert influence via

      • Elections

      • Lobbying, protest, demonstrations, …


Why study us foreign policy8 l.jpg
Why Study US Foreign Policy?

  • US Moral Obligations

    • Human tragedies remain around the world

      • Human rights violation

      • Murder as a policy tool in the Balkans

      • Genocide & mass starvation

    • Informed citizens help US respond to global humanitarian crisis


Interpreting us foreign policy l.jpg
Interpreting US Foreign Policy

  • Objectives of US Foreign Policy

    • Foreign policies are made in the name of national interest

    • Four core goals/elements of national interest (the “4 Ps” framework)

      • Power

      • Peace

      • Prosperity

      • Principles

        A particular policy can be seen to pursue one, several or all of the “Ps.”


Interpreting us foreign policy10 l.jpg
Interpreting US Foreign Policy

  • Power as the objective

    • A most basic goal since power :

      • Is key to a strong defense and credible deterrence

      • Enhances influence over other actors

      • Advances own interest and aggressiveness.

    • Realists perception

      • “International politics is a struggle for power.”

      • Competition and conflicts are constant

      • Cooperation among states is limited

      • The world is a self-help system; it is “jungle”

      • States pursue power enlargement for survival.


Interpreting us foreign policy11 l.jpg
Interpreting US Foreign Policy

  • Power as the objective

    • Realists perception

    • Indicators of a realist foreign policy

      • Coercive diplomacy

      • Big military spending

      • alliance against a mutual enemy

  • Peace as the objective

    • Perception of International institutionalism

      • World politics is “a cultivable ‘garden’”

      • Cooperation is possible and reduces tensions.

      • Diplomacy works better than military means

      • International institutions serve to sustain cooperation


Interpreting us foreign policy12 l.jpg
Interpreting US Foreign Policy

  • Peace as the objective

    • Perception of International institutionalism

      • Anarchy cannot be eliminated; but can be tempered or regulated via int’l organizations, negotiations, treaties.

    • Indicators of a peace-oriented policy

      • Acting as “peace broker”

        • “shuttle diplomacy” in the Mideast by Dr. Kissinger

        • The Camp David accord between Egypt and Israel in 1978

        • The 1995 Dayton accord ending the war in Bosnia

      • Diplomacy over military means

        • US participation in the “six-party” talk on North Korea


Interpreting us foreign policy13 l.jpg
Interpreting US Foreign Policy

  • Prosperity as the objective

    Two schools of thought

    • Capitalist free trade economic thinking

      Foreign policy:

      • serves the general economic interest of the nation

      • Strives for a favorable balance of trade

      • Pursues a strong growth

      • Maintains a healthy macro economy

        Reflections in foreign policy:

      • Granting of most favored nation status

      • Support of free trade


Interpreting us foreign policy14 l.jpg
Interpreting US Foreign Policy

  • Prosperity as the objective

    Two schools of thought

    • Capitalist free trade economic thinking

      Reflections in foreign policy

      • Signing int’l agreements related to int’l trade

      • Supporting int’l econ organizations, e.g., GATT, IMF, WTO

    • Theories of imperialism & neo-colonialism

      • US foreign policy:

        • Serves the parochial interest of the rich such as

          • Multinational corporations and banks

        • Continues domination of the less developed nations thru economic means


Interpreting us foreign policy15 l.jpg
Interpreting US Foreign Policy

  • Principles as the objective

    This goal involves the values, ideals, and beliefs that the US has claimed to stand for in the world.

    • The perception of democratic idealism

      • “Right” should always stand above “might” as a policy choice since America is morally unique and “exceptional”

      • Promoting democracy around the world serves the interest of promoting peace because democracies do not fight among themselves

    • Indications of a principle-oriented policy

      • Ascendance of human rights as a policy factor

      • Sanctions imposed on Communist states


Interpreting us foreign policy16 l.jpg
Interpreting US Foreign Policy

  • “4 Ps” & Interpretation: A Case

    American-Iranian Relations (1953-1979)

    See handout 1.

    Interpreting US Iran policy objective

    1. Pursuit of Power

    • Iranian oil needed to sustain American economic power

    • Alliance with Iran enhanced US power in Cold War years

    • US support of the Shah ensured American influence & presence in the Persian Gulf region

      The US was strategically superior in Mideast to USSR.


Interpreting us foreign policy17 l.jpg
Interpreting US Foreign Policy

  • “4 Ps” & Interpretation: A Case

    American-Iranian Relations (1953-1979)

    See handout 1.

    Interpreting US Iran policy objective

    • Pursuit of Peace

      • US intervention was necessary to stabilize Iran & Mideast.

      • Intimate relations with US deterred Soviet aggression in Iran and Mideast.

      • When Mideast was stable, USSR had no reason to disrupt peace in that region.

        A stable Mideast served the interest of peace between the two major military blocks.


Interpreting us foreign policy18 l.jpg
Interpreting US Foreign Policy

  • “4 Ps” & Interpretation: A Case

    American-Iranian Relations (1953-1979)

    See handout 1.

    Interpreting US Iran policy objective

    • Pursuit of Prosperity (I)

      • US prosperity requires extensive foreign economic relations

      • Increasing consumption of foreign raw materials calls for stable trade relations

      • Iranian oil helps fuel sustained growth in the US

        American prosperity benefits the entire society.


Interpreting us foreign policy19 l.jpg
Interpreting US Foreign Policy

  • “4 Ps” & Interpretation: A Case

    American-Iranian Relations (1953-1979)

    See handout 1.

    Interpreting US Iran policy objective

    • Pursuit of Prosperity (II)

      • US-Iranian ties only benefited the rich & the multinational corporations

      • Like ties to other developing nations, US-Iranian relations served to sustain inequality between North & South

        US Iranian policy sharpens the conflicts between the rich & the poor in the US and in the world.


Interpreting us foreign policy20 l.jpg
Interpreting US Foreign Policy

  • “4 Ps” & Interpretation: A Case

    American-Iranian Relations (1953-1979)

    See handout 1.

    Interpreting US Iran policy objective

    • Pursuit of Principles

      • US Iran policy aimed to fulfill America’s commitment to democracy around the world.

      • Intimate relations opened Iran to American values of democracy, equality and civil liberties.

      • US presence in Mideast works best for political & social change in this conservative region.

      • Iran could move from adopting Western lifestyle to embracing Western institutions.


Interpreting us foreign policy21 l.jpg
Interpreting US Foreign Policy

  • “4 Ps” & Interpretation: A Case

  • Group Project 1: Interpreting US Operation in Afghanistan (See handout 2 on my webpage)


ad