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Glamorise This?. By Sue Redmond Regional Drugs Education Support Worker. Cocaine. Cocaine – Classy?. Cold Sores. Cold Sores sexy?. Nose collapse. Missing Septum . Increases Spots. Increases Spots Breakouts. Early aging & Wrinkles. The Transport into the country and to your table.

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Glamorise this l.jpg

Glamorise This?

By Sue Redmond

Regional Drugs Education Support Worker











The transport into the country and to your table l.jpg
The Transport into the country and to your table

  • Rectally

  • In Sores

  • Passed in stools

  • Through women bodies sold to prostitution


Cocaine12 l.jpg
Cocaine

  • Stimulant

  • Increases Heart Rate and Blood Pressure

  • Cocaine can be ‘cut’ with other stimulants

  • Effects last only 20-30 mins

  • Can Increase Aggression

  • Repeated use over several hours can lead to extreme agitation, paranoia and toxic psychosis


Cocaine short term effects l.jpg
Cocaine Short Term Effects

  • Euphoria

  • Increased energy and confidence

  • Appetite suppressed

  • Dilated pupils

  • Increased sexual interest

  • Grinding teeth

  • Crashes in days after use, very depressed and tired

  • Hyperthermia

Mental illness, stillbirth, miscarriage and suicide have also been associated with cocaine


Cocaine long term l.jpg
Cocaine Long Term

  • Extreme mood swings

  • Eating disorders/weight loss (appetite suppressed)

  • Paranoid thinking

  • Psychotic behaviour

  • Nose damage if snorting

  • Ongoing rhinitis

  • Depression

  • Stroke

  • Cerebral haemorrhage

  • Heart failure

  • Renal failure

  • Death from respiratory arrest


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Cocaine - Signs of use

  • Hyperactive

  • Talkative

  • Unusually confident or arrogant

  • Nose irritation (runny nose or itching)

  • Small appetite

  • Wide awake/full of energy

  • Excessively tired (days after use)

  • Depressed or low (days after use)

  • Rolled up notes (sniffing)


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What to do in an emergency

  • Stay calm

  • Dial 999 or 112 and ask for an ambulance

  • Ensure their airways are clear

  • Turn them on their side – recovery position and stay with them

  • Give any powders, tablets, etc. that you find to the ambulance crew



The heart l.jpg

Blood vessels expand

Artery walls constrict

Causes spasm

Heart attack

Arrhythmia (heart disturbance)

Cocaine makes the blood thicker and increases chances of a clot and heart attack

The Heart





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It can take years for the dopamine and activity levels of the brain to reach levels it was at before cocaine use, especially in Chronic cocaine users.

Dopamine has important roles in behaviour and cognition, motor activity, motivation, reward, sleep, mood, attention and learning.


How does this lead to addiction l.jpg
How does this lead to addiction? the brain to reach levels it was at before cocaine use, especially in Chronic cocaine users.

  • The initial decision to take drugs is mostly voluntary.

  • However, when drug abuse takes over, a person's ability to exert self control can become seriously impaired.

  • Brain imaging studies from drug-addicted individuals show physical changes in areas of the brain that are critical to judgment, decision making, learning and memory and behaviour control

  • These changes alter the way the brain works, and may help explain the compulsive and destructive behaviours of addiction.


Dependence l.jpg
Dependence the brain to reach levels it was at before cocaine use, especially in Chronic cocaine users.

  • Drug dependence is characterised by impaired control over the drug, preoccupation with use, continued use despite negative consequence, and sometimes evidence of physical dependence on the drug.

  • Various factors, such as your personality, your genetic makeup and peer pressure, affect your likelihood of becoming addicted to a drug.


Genetic factors l.jpg
Genetic factors the brain to reach levels it was at before cocaine use, especially in Chronic cocaine users.

  • Account for a percentage of vulnerability to addiction

  • The effects of environment on gene expression and function.

  • Adolescents and individuals with mental disorders are at greater risk of drug use and addiction than the general population.


Environmental factors l.jpg
Environmental Factors the brain to reach levels it was at before cocaine use, especially in Chronic cocaine users.

  • Home and Family. The influence of the home environment is usually most important in childhood. Parents or older family members who use alcohol or drugs, or who engage in criminal behaviour, can increase children's risks of developing their own drug problems.

  • Peer. Friends and acquaintances have the greatest influence during adolescence. Drug-abusing peers can sway even those without risk factors to try drugs for the first time. Academic failure or poor social skills can put a child further at risk for drug use.


Other factors l.jpg
Other Factors the brain to reach levels it was at before cocaine use, especially in Chronic cocaine users.

  • Personality. Another psychological problem, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, ADHD etc., People who exhibit aggression, a lack of self-control and a difficult temperament may be at greater risk of drug addiction.

  • Anxiety, depression and loneliness. Using drugs can become a way of coping with these painful psychological feelings

  • Early Use. Although taking drugs at any age can lead to addiction, research shows that the earlier a person begins to use drugs the more likely they are to progress to more serious abuse

  • Method of Administration. Smoking a drug or injecting it into a vein increases its addictive potential. Both smoked and injected drugs enter the brain within seconds, producing a powerful rush of pleasure. However, this intense "high" can fade within a few minutes, taking the abuser down to lower levels.

  • Type of drug. Some drugs, such as heroin and cocaine, more quickly result in physical addiction than do others.

  • Low self-esteem. Can contribute to using drugs and becoming dependent on them.


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When Mixed with Alcohol the brain to reach levels it was at before cocaine use, especially in Chronic cocaine users.

  • Use of alcohol leads to a 30% increase in blood levels of cocaine

  • Combination produces cocaethylene

    • Increases dopamine release

    • Enhances risk of cardiac death

    • Increases violent behaviour

  • Harder for the liver to break down

  • Alcohol leads to increased brain-to-plasma cocaine ratio


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Alcohol the brain to reach levels it was at before cocaine use, especially in Chronic cocaine users.

Heart attack

Arrhythmias

Stroke

Spontaneous abortion

Birth defects

Psychiatric problems

Liver disease

Pancreatitis

Cocaine

Heart attack

Arrhythmias

Stroke

Spontaneous abortion

Birth defects

Psychiatric problems

IV drug use

Dangers of Use


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Psychiatric effects - Combined the brain to reach levels it was at before cocaine use, especially in Chronic cocaine users.

  • Increases alcohol’s cognitive impairment

  • Violence

  • Sexual risk-related behaviour

  • Impulsive decision making, impaired learning and memory


Withdrawal l.jpg

Alcohol the brain to reach levels it was at before cocaine use, especially in Chronic cocaine users.

Anxiety

Tachycardia

Nausea

Tremor

Disorientation

Seizures

Cocaine

Agitation/restlessness

Intense cravings

Depression

Vivid unpleasant dreams

Paranoia

Fatigue

Withdrawal


How do you know if it s a problem for you l.jpg
How do you know if it’s a problem for you… the brain to reach levels it was at before cocaine use, especially in Chronic cocaine users.

  • Doing more than last year or 6 mths ago

  • Being aggressive or violent

  • It’s affecting your mental health; depression, anxiety etc.,

  • It’s affecting your sexual health; impotence, promiscuity, failure to use contraception

  • It’s affecting your relationship with others, arguments/fights about your drug use

  • Can’t socialise without it


Every time you do a line l.jpg
Every time you do a line… the brain to reach levels it was at before cocaine use, especially in Chronic cocaine users.

A Farmer in South America subject to poverty

You glamorise drugs to young people

Someone engages in criminal activity to get it to you

You engage in illegal activity

You Put yourself at risk of serious adverse effects and death

Cocaine

A child is put at risk of poverty, abuse, neglect, low literacy and education drop out

You put yourself at risk of addiction

If we stop the market for it, we stop it

Colombian refugee


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For the brain to reach levels it was at before cocaine use, especially in Chronic cocaine users. WHAT??? A Good time?

Now ask yourself ‘is it worth it?’


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What help is available..? the brain to reach levels it was at before cocaine use, especially in Chronic cocaine users.

  • There are many and varied reasons someone turns to  drugs & alcohol as a form of coping in their lives.

  • Counselling can be a place to think about this and other forms of coping strategies (that are healthier) and relapse prevention & support.

  • The second stage of withdrawal can last for a long time ie years & most people don't realise this. During this stage you'll have fewer physical symptoms, but more emotional and psychological withdrawal symptoms. Where Counselling support can really help.


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Where to go for help? the brain to reach levels it was at before cocaine use, especially in Chronic cocaine users.

NUI Galway offer a free and confidential counselling service to all students and have a specific drug & alcohol counsellor

  • Contact: Student Counselling Service, 5 Distillery Road, NUI Galway. Office Hours: Mon – Fri between 9.15am and 1pm and 2.15pm and 4.15pm.

  • Website: www.nuigalway.ie/student_services/counsellors

  • Appointments 091-492484 or email counselling @nuigalway.ie

  • Drop in any time Mon – Fri between 2.15-4.15pm to see a counsellor

  • Counsellors : Bea Gavin, Emer Casey, Geraldine Connolly, Eamonn O’ Dochartaigh

  • Drug & Alcohol Counsellor: Mark Campbell


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Where to go for help? the brain to reach levels it was at before cocaine use, especially in Chronic cocaine users.

Drugs Counselling Service:

  • Galway 091-561 299

  • Mayo North 096-60060

  • Mayo South 094-9020430

  • Roscommon 071-9664900

    Cocaine Clinic 091-561 299

  • Drugs Helpline: 1800 459 459

  • Alcoholics Anonymous: 091-567807

  • Narcotics Anonymous: 01 6728000

  • Samaritans 1850 609 090

    Text Help to 51900

    Live help online www.drugs.ie


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