Ecotourism saving coral reefs – What can make it happen?. Sibylle Riedmiller, Chumbe Island Coral Park Ltd [email protected] Private investment in Marine parks Experiences of Chumbe Island Coral Park Ltd. in Zanzibar/Tanzania. Coral reefs disappearing fast
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1Birkeland 1997: Life and death of coral reefs.
2Jameson et al. 1995: State of the reefs: Regional and global perspectives.
& Fish poisoning
Global warming - bleaching
Aquarium & Curio trade
(Status of Coral Reefs of the World,2000 & 2002)
This Manta is one meal for few people only.
This Manta can provide income for many people over many years...
..if benefits are shared?
‘No-take’ Marine parks
An even stronger case for private Marine Parks!
Operators are on the ground, can build local alliances with other resource users (formal & informal sector);
Uninhabited coral rag island, 8 miles south of Stonetown,
1 km x 200 mtr, 22 ha
Guest management and education (max 14 people per day)
Third of staff directly employed for Park Management & Education:
(critical issue: are up-market guests disturbed by school children?)
Sources of investment:
Internet from 1998
International Environmental Awards, e.g.
main source of income
Direct donor support for:
Budget ca. 200.000 US$/yr.
Staff: 3 expatriates, 36 Zanzibar.
Partnerships & Cost control:
The private sector – the Bad Guy (to be controlled, regulated & source of funds only)?