diversification and multifunctionality in italy and the netherlands a comparative analysis
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Diversification and multifunctionality in Italy and the Netherlands: a comparative analysis. Laura Aguglia INEA, Italy, Roberto Henke INEA, Italy Krijn Poppe, LEI Wageningen UR, The Netherlands Aide Roest LEI Wageningen UR, The Netherlands Cristina Salvioni University of Pescara, Italy.

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diversification and multifunctionality in italy and the netherlands a comparative analysis

Diversification and multifunctionality in Italy and the Netherlands:a comparative analysis

LauraAgugliaINEA, Italy,

Roberto HenkeINEA, Italy

Krijn Poppe,

LEI Wageningen UR, The Netherlands

Aide RoestLEI Wageningen UR, The Netherlands

Cristina SalvioniUniversity of Pescara, Italy

slide2

Farms are increasingly complex

  • the product mix of farms is increasingly complex
    • agricultural commodities,
    • non agricultural commodities (energy) and services (educational, social, etc.)
    • non-commodity outputs (e.g. landscape, biodiversity conservation;
  • farm resources are progressively deployed to non ag. and to off farm activities
    • pluriactivity
    • use land used for the production of wind or solar energy or for storage.
the farm problem
The farm problem

price cost squeeze induced by

technological change and

small size/lack of bargaining power both respect to clients and providers.

farm incomes

continuously eroded

lag behind average incomes.

post productivism and rural development
Post-productivism and rural development

poverty

Rural space consumption

slide8

Post-productivism, multifunctionality and rural development

MULTI

FUNCTIONALITY

poverty

Rural space consumption

an operational classification van der ploeg 2003
An operational classificationVan der Ploeg, 2003
  • Agricultural goods with unconventional characteristics (organic, quality, etc.),
  • Acquisition of functions down the line from production (direct sales, processing, etc.).

Expansion of income-producing activities, some of which can be completely independent of agricultural production(agriturism, energy production, ecc.)

re-deploy farm resources, labour in particular, off the farm(pluriactivity)

multifunctionaliy and diversification in the fadn
The Netherlands

Field of observation= commercial farms (>10 ESU)

More information on broadening than deepening

More information about the household

Italy

Field of observation= commercial farms (>4 ESU)

More suited to measure deepening than broadening

Off farm activity only for those hh. members working on farm

Multifunctionaliy and diversification in the FADN
slide14
OK with counting diversified farms ...

… but we also want to know

if diversification is worthful

to the farm

conclusions
Conclusions

FADN is the only data base

  • systematically gathered at the national level in all Member States
  • Containing bothstructural and economic info

The original design of the FADN survey has a productivist orientation

  • it needs to evolve to include new non-productivist aspects of farms’ activities.

Comparison between countries hampered by the differences in national FADNs.

  • harmonisation, possibly directed by DG Agri, would help and is needed.

What can be measured by using FADN data is diversification at the farm level.

  • this information can then be complemented with external sources in view to define multifunctionality at the territorial level.
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