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Diversification and multifunctionality in Italy and the Netherlands: a comparative analysis. Laura Aguglia INEA, Italy, Roberto Henke INEA, Italy Krijn Poppe, LEI Wageningen UR, The Netherlands Aide Roest LEI Wageningen UR, The Netherlands Cristina Salvioni University of Pescara, Italy.

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Diversification and multifunctionality in Italy and the Netherlands: a comparative analysis

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Diversification and multifunctionality in italy and the netherlands a comparative analysis l.jpg

Diversification and multifunctionality in Italy and the Netherlands:a comparative analysis

LauraAgugliaINEA, Italy,

Roberto HenkeINEA, Italy

Krijn Poppe,

LEI Wageningen UR, The Netherlands

Aide RoestLEI Wageningen UR, The Netherlands

Cristina SalvioniUniversity of Pescara, Italy


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Farms are increasingly complex

  • the product mix of farms is increasingly complex

    • agricultural commodities,

    • non agricultural commodities (energy) and services (educational, social, etc.)

    • non-commodity outputs (e.g. landscape, biodiversity conservation;

  • farm resources are progressively deployed to non ag. and to off farm activities

    • pluriactivity

    • use land used for the production of wind or solar energy or for storage.


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The farm problem

price cost squeeze induced by

technological change and

small size/lack of bargaining power both respect to clients and providers.

farm incomes

continuously eroded

lag behind average incomes.


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Farm adjustments under productivism


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More complex adjustment… still productivist

poverty


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Post-productivism and rural development

poverty

Rural space consumption


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Multifunctionality: typology of goods


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Post-productivism, multifunctionality and rural development

MULTI

FUNCTIONALITY

poverty

Rural space consumption


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An operational classificationVan der Ploeg, 2003

  • Agricultural goods with unconventional characteristics (organic, quality, etc.),

  • Acquisition of functions down the line from production (direct sales, processing, etc.).

Expansion of income-producing activities, some of which can be completely independent of agricultural production(agriturism, energy production, ecc.)

re-deploy farm resources, labour in particular, off the farm(pluriactivity)


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The Netherlands

Field of observation= commercial farms (>10 ESU)

More information on broadening than deepening

More information about the household

Italy

Field of observation= commercial farms (>4 ESU)

More suited to measure deepening than broadening

Off farm activity only for those hh. members working on farm

Multifunctionaliy and diversification in the FADN


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Diversification and multifunctional practices in the FADN


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Diversification and multifunctionality Italy and the Netherland

D

D

B

B


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Diffusion of broadening, deepening and re-grounding


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OK with counting diversified farms ...

… but we also want to know

if diversification is worthful

to the farm


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Economic impact of targeted strategiesNet farm income for family AWU


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Conclusions

FADN is the only data base

  • systematically gathered at the national level in all Member States

  • Containing bothstructural and economic info

    The original design of the FADN survey has a productivist orientation

  • it needs to evolve to include new non-productivist aspects of farms’ activities.

    Comparison between countries hampered by the differences in national FADNs.

  • harmonisation, possibly directed by DG Agri, would help and is needed.

    What can be measured by using FADN data is diversification at the farm level.

  • this information can then be complemented with external sources in view to define multifunctionality at the territorial level.


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