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Definition and Classification of Terminologies in Environment Agriculture and Utilization of Spent Mushroom Compost for Organic Transplant Production. May 19, 2005 Vegetable Science Lab. Yurina Kwack. Definition and Classification of Terminologies in Environment Agriculture.

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May 19, 2005 Vegetable Science Lab. Yurina Kwack

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Definition and Classification of Terminologies in Environment Agricultureand Utilization of Spent Mushroom Compost for Organic Transplant Production

May 19, 2005

Vegetable Science Lab.

Yurina Kwack


Definition and Classification of Terminologies in Environment Agriculture


Organic agriculture

Biological agriculture

Natural agriculture

Environmentally conserving agriculture

Environmentally friendly agriculture

Sustainable agriculture

Ecological agriculture

Green food

Terminologies in environment agriculture


New definition and classification


Environment agriculture

  • Economically efficient agriculture that assures the stable

    production and supply of safe agricultural products and

    preserves the environment by harmonizing it with

    agriculture

  • The most inclusive terminology


Environmentally compatible agriculture

  • Agriculture that utilizes the developed agricultural

  • technologies harmonizing them with the environment to minimize the side-effects of chemical agriculture and

  • decrease in production


Low input agriculture

  • Agriculture that utilizes integrated pest management (IPM)

  • and integrated nutrient management (INM) to minimize input of chemicals


Precision agriculture

  • Agriculture that utilizes geographic information system

  • (GIS) and global positioning system (GPS) to precisely control the input of chemicals and energy


Environmentally friendly agriculture

  • Agriculture that utilizes environmentally-friendly methods

  • such as soil improvement and non-use of chemicals

  • to minimize environmental pollution


Organic agriculture

  • Agriculture that applies only organic materials and minerals

  • to enrich the soil and that utilizes biological and physical methods to control plant diseases and insects


Natural agriculture

  • Agriculture that utilizes self-made composts, aboriginal

  • enzymes and microorganisms and that does not apply tillage,

  • pruning nor chemical fertilizers and pesticides


Environmentally conserving agriculture

  • Agriculture that links crop production with livestock farming for reducing environmental loads to sustain the ecosystem


Local circulation agriculture

  • Agriculture that links crop production with livestock farming in a region to utilize crop residuals and manures as animal feed and compost, respectively


Social circulation agriculture

  • Agriculture that links livestock farming and/or organic

  • fertilizer production in a certain region with crop

  • production and/or residual-feed production in other regions

  • to make a large-scale circulation of bio-materials

  • domestically or internationally


Utilization of Spent Mushroom Compost as a Growing Medium for Organic Transplant Production


Objectives

  • To examine the feasibility of recycling the Spent Mushroom Compost (SMC) for organic transplant production

  • To develop new growing medium for organic transplant production

  • To investigate the growth and quality of organically produced transplants of several vegetables


Materials

  • SMC left over from a “Baeckilsongi” mushroom factory of the Pulmuone Takara Ltd.

  • Hgpsizygus marmoreus


Soybean hull

Rice bran

Corn cob

Sawdust

Ingredients of mushroom compost


A few days after germination…


Ready to harvest…


Chemical analysis of SMC before processing


Leaching


Decomposition

  • A compost maker

  • Microbial decomposers


Mixing SMC & organic media

  • Other organic media : Peat Moss & Cocopeat

PM: Peat Moss CP: Cocopeat L: leached D: decomposed


Plant growth


Schedule


Study in Japan

  • To study environment agriculture in Japan

  • To study natural enzymes & efficient-microorganism

  • for organic culture


Expected publications

  • Journal of the Korean Society for Horticultural Science

  • Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science

  • HortScience


-The End-


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