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Close Quarters Combat CQC. Developed By Larry Klahn Copyrighted 2005. Learning Objective.

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Close quarters combat cqc l.jpg

Close Quarters Combat CQC

Developed By Larry Klahn

Copyrighted 2005

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Learning Objective

  • Personnel will gain the confidence and proficiency in various unarmed defense and offensive techniques to be able to maintain control of themselves in a close quarters combat situation, and in doing so controls the fight.

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Training Goal

  • To gain the skills necessary to stop an attacker

  • Control the enemy, apply restrains, or turn the enemy over to other personnel.

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Warrior Mindset & Developing It:

  • Society’s outlook on warriors and perception of self.

  • What is the mental picture?

  • Duty/mission to survive a conflict?

  • How to train to be indomitable and develop the attitude “never give up the fight.”

  • Repetition of techniques

  • Esprit de corps.

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Recommended Reading

  • Lt. Col. David Grossman has written two books

  • On Killing and On Combat.

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The Psychology of Conflict

  • Ask oneself – “What am I willing to do to survive?” The answer must be “Anything!”

  • Note: The words Soldier and he or his are used in a unisex manner in this presentation and manual. CQC is for all soldiers regardless of gender, age or mission responsibilities.

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Importance of a “Just Cause”

  • There is an old saying among warriors that “if the cause be just”

  • What the “Cause” may be?

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Anger & Fear in Combat

  • Fear - controlled part of the survival mechanism.

  • Anger – keeps you moving, fighting & brain thinking.

  • Failure in combat

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Anger & Fear in Combat Cont.

  • Berserker rage

  • How is this addressed?

  • Static and scenario based training

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Four Possible Responses to Conflict

  • Retreat

  • Surrender

  • Posture

  • Fight

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Coopers Color Codes

  • Jeff Cooper

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Mindset Goals

  • Mindset training - “habit”

  • Assess surroundings

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  • Lose being bashful!!!

  • Verbal stuns (loud command voice yell) stuns the cerebral cortex.

  • This results in the enemy blinking and or flinching giving the soldier the tactical advantage

  • Striking, how effected?

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Verbalization Cont…

  • When you yell in a loud heavy command voice

  • Do not fight in silence – by verbalizing/yelling

  • Breath Control

  • Conditioning

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Specific Commands



Stay down!

Verbalization Cont…

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Stress Inoculation

  • “Inoculated into the world of violence” - Grossman - On Killing

  • Specific types of verbalization used in training designed to “stress”

  • Mindset development

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  • The purpose of this training is to give the soldier real skills which are simple and effective and can be done in daylight or complete darkness (tactile/feel) and in full battle gear.

  • However – If the soldier has skills learned in other areas – boxing, martial arts, wrestling, football, law enforcement etc. Do not throw away these skills – add CQC to them.

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Threat Assessment: Danger signs

  • Body Language – pre attack postures

  • Opening and closing the fists

  • Shoulder shift

  • Muscular tension in the face or shoulders

  • Boxers/fighting stance

  • Exaggerated motion

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Danger Signs Cont…

  • Exaggerated Breathing

  • Verbal threats

  • Closing the distance to the soldier

  • Thousand yard stare

  • Hands suddenly disappearing behind the back or into clothing

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Remember to “See” and “Look”

  • Eyes up and Head moving.

  • Really “see” what is out there

  • Least 100 yards out, not 25 or less.


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  • Be vigilant at all times and places

  • Know where cover is when at a FOB or any location.

  • Do not assume that any location is secure.

  • “Know” where cover is.

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Types of cover

  • Concealment

  • Soft Cover

  • Hard Cover

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Autogenic Breathing

  • Square breathing, tactical breathing, breath control or combat breathing.

  • Responses to stress are automatic

  • Heart rate, blood pressure, oxygenation of blood

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Autogenic Breathing

  • Autogenic breathing is this: breath in deep for a count of 4

  • Hold for a count of 4

  • Exhale for a count of 4

  • Be empty for a count of 4 and repeat

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Purpose/Mission of CQC

  • “Bring our soldiers home alive” This is the mandate of CQC and our mission.

  • Train the soldier in the physical and mental skills necessary to survive and win a Close Quarters Engagement.

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Techniques Taught

  • Must be simple

  • Easy to repeat and retain

  • Mass repetitions until proficient

  • Done and practiced in full combat gear

  • Done while standing, kneeling or on the ground

  • See CQC Manual for the specific techniques

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Percentage of Soldiers Trained

Air Force


Army Reserve


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Secret Training Techniques for Success

  • Amateurs train until they get it right – professionals train until they cannot get it wrong

  • Repetition, Repetition, Repetition

  • No secrets – no ninja magic – just sound principles applied and practiced