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by Aleksander Xhuvani Rajmonda Buhaljoti Miranda Kullolli. Bologna Process in Albania and its NQF versus EQF. Bratislava 2008. Albanian HE reform. Based on Bologna Process and its main documents National Master Plan (draft) HE New Law (approved in 2007)

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Bologna process in albania and its nqf versus eqf l.jpg

by Aleksander Xhuvani

Rajmonda Buhaljoti

Miranda Kullolli

Bologna Process in Albaniaand its NQF versus EQF

Bratislava 2008

Albanian he reform l.jpg
Albanian HE reform

  • Based on Bologna Process and its main documents

  • National Master Plan (draft)

  • HE New Law (approved in 2007)

  • Reform of R&D institutions – integration with HEIs

Albanian he reform priorities l.jpg
Albanian HE reformpriorities

  • Two and three cycles of studies – HEIs profile,

  • Curricula reform (ECTS points, one semester based modules),

  • Quality Assurance,

  • From NQF to EQF (learning outcomes),

  • Recognition of qualifications (Lisbon Convention)

  • Symbiosis of education and research,

  • Student and staff mobility,

  • Labour market oriented

Study organisation l.jpg





Admission test state maturity



Year III

Year II


60 Credits

Year I


1 credit (ECTS point) = 25 hours of student’s work

(home work + classes)

Year II

Year I


Year III

Year II

Year I

C urricula d evelopment course organisation l.jpg
Curricula DevelopmentCourse organisation

C urricula d evelopment versus r esearch l.jpg
Curricula DevelopmentversusResearch

3° year in all Albanian public universities

4° year in pre-school teachers education

5° year in PUT and AUT

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Education Level according to Bologna process and anticipated implementation time in the country

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HE Reform - stakeholders

  • Government – MoES,

  • Albanian BFUG

    • Ad Hoc WGs

  • HEIs,

  • Council for HE and Science,

  • Employers community,

  • Student organisations,

  • Trade Unions

  • Quality assurance l.jpg
    Quality Assurance

    • QA System fully functional,

    • QA Institutions

      • Accreditation Agency

      • Accreditation Council

  • Evaluation versus Accreditation,

  • National procedures, criteria and requirements,

  • About 60% of HEIs already evaluated

  • Transparency: results made public

  • Quality assurance10 l.jpg
    Quality Assurance

    • Involvement of foreign expertise: nationals abroad

    • Networking (European and Regional),

    • Focus on internal QA

    • Student participation; not the rule

    • European Standards and Guidelines: main challenge

    National qualification framework l.jpg
    National Qualification Framework

    LEVEL 5 Post secondary

    LEVEL 6A HEIfirst level

    LEVEL 6B HEIfirst level WH

    LEVEL 7 HEIsecond level

    LEVEL 8 HEIthird level - PhD

    LEVEL 1 First pre-university

    LEVEL 2 Second pre-university

    LEVEL 3 Third pre-university

    LEVEL 4 Fourth pre-university

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    National Qualification Framework

    • Kick-off Conference with experts from CoE

    • AL-BFUG 1st WG has detailed Uni level descriptors

    • Another WG near the MoES is dealing with pre-Uni levels and level descriptors

    • In view : National Conference with Albanian stakeholders to propose the final version of NQF

    Recognition of qualifications l.jpg
    Recognition of qualifications

    • Existing Recognition Unit within the Ministry of Education and Science

    • Enhancement of the legal framework : in line with Lisbon Convention

    • National Action Plan for Recognition issues

    • Some bilateral agreements for automatic recognition

    • New Law on HE : national information centerfor Albania – representing Albania in the ENIC network

    Student participation l.jpg
    Student participation

    • In compiling Al HE strategic documents,

    • In HE events (conferences, workshops..)

    • In QA process

    • In HEIs governing bodies

    • New HE Law:

      • increasing SP at all HE activities

      • new student STATUS in HEIs

    • New climate for democratic and fair elections of their organisation within HEIs

      (Bottom-up scheme)

    Hot debate issues for the future l.jpg
    “Hot” Debate issues for the future

    • BFUG - Albania

    • Autonomy and responsibility of HEIs

    • NQF – Dublin descriptors

    • Professorship workload (ECTS, hours, both?)

    • Course recognition at national level

    • Many other details...