APAG Ch. 14 – The Bureaucracy. According to Max Weber, a bureaucracy should be an organization where decisions are based on ________ and _______.. Logic and analysis. What kind of organization does the Weberian Model advocate?. A hierarchical model with a rational decision making process.
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APAG Ch. 14 – The Bureaucracy
According to Max Weber, a bureaucracy should be an organization where decisions are based on ________ and _______.
Logic and analysis.
What kind of organization does the Weberian Model advocate?
A hierarchical model with a rational decision making process.
A ________ bureaucracy is organized to make a profit and answers to a single set of leaders.
A ________ bureaucracy is non-profit and answers to more than one leader.
Within a bureaucracy the units of organization are divided according to the _________ and ______ of the employees.
Specialization and expertise
_________ is the name given to a large organization, structured hierarchically, that carries out specific functions.
What is the federal governments watchdog organization?
The General Accounting Office (GAO)
What might we see if bureaucrats were truly held accountable?
Less waste in government.
The cabinet departments can be described in management terms as __________ organizations.
Which has more employees, state, local, or federal government’s?
What has happened to the number of civilian federal government employees for the past several decades?
The number has remained relatively stable.
Excluding the military, how many employees work for the federal government?
The Securities and Exchange Commission, the Environmental Protection Agency, and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission are all examples of __________ agencies.
Compared to governmental bureaucracies in other countries, the federal bureaucracy in the U.S. enjoys a greater degree of _________ than in most other countries.
The ________ model of bureaucracy states that bureaucracies are not competitive and are therefore inefficient.
The ________ model of bureaucracy states that bureaucracies seek expanded budgets and increased size.
What are the four major types of bureaucratic structures?
Independent regulatory agencies, cabinet departments, government corporations, and independent executive agencies.
With respect to the federal government, an administrative unit that is directly accountable to the president is called a(n) __________.
The Cabinet departments, in terms of organization are directly accountable to __________.
_______ are federal agencies not part of a cabinet, but that reports directly to the president.
Independent executive agencies
The function of the _______ is to make and implement rules and regulations in a particular sector of the economy.
Independent Regulatory Agency
Independent regulatory agencies are independent because they are administered independently of _______.
All three branches of government.
Health and Human Services, Housing and Urban Development, and Interior are examples of ________.
The CIA, the General Services Administration and the National Science Foundations are examples of _______.
Independent executive agencies.
The ________ refers to the selection and promotion of government employees on the basis of examinations.
The _________ is a system of patronage.
The Spoils System.
The “__________” refers to a small ruling clique of the state’s best citizens based on birth, wealth, and ablility.
A list of jobs for political appointments can be found in the ________.
The act of gaining control over agency personnel and decision makers by the industry that is being regulated is called ___________.
Amtrak, the U.S. Postal Service, and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) are examples of __________.
The Federal Reserve, the SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission), and the Federal Commission are all examples of __________.
Independent regulatory agencies.
The ________ is the central personnel agency of the national government.
Civil Service Commission
The _______ prohibits federal employees from active involvement in political campaigns.
The ________ created the Office of Personnel Management and the Merit Systems Protection Board while abolishing the Civil Service Commission.
The Civil Service Reform Act of 1978
The “_________” required that all multi-headed federal agencies conduct their business regularly in public session.
“Government in the Sunshine Act”
The ________ requires federal agencies to disclose any information on file about an individual, if the individual requests information.
Freedom of Information Act
________ requires the termination of a program unless Congress has reauthorized the program.
The concept of ______ refers to the replacement of government services with services provided by private firms.
The ________ is an alliance of mutual benefit along some unit within the bureaucracy, its interest group, and committees in Congress.
With negotiated rulemaking, what has federal agencies begun encouraging businesses and public interest groups to become directly involved in?
Drafting the regulations that affect them.
A statute enacted by Congress that authorizes the creation of an administrative agency is called ________.
The FTC, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, and OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Commission) were all created by ______.
The _______ allows whistle-blowers to receive monetary rewards.
False Claims Act of 1986
The creation of the Office of Special Counsel which provides for the investigations of complaints of waste was created by _________.
The Whistle-Blower Protection Act
A “_______” is someone who brings to public attention gross governmental inefficiency or illegal action.
______ are groups of individuals that support a particular position on a specific issue and form an alliance between scholars, interest groups, executive agencies and Congressional subcommittees.
A major control that Congress has over the federal bureaucracy is the authority to extend or limit ________.
The investigative power of Congress is often carried out by _________.
The GAO (General Accounting Office).