A PRODUCTION PRACTICES SURVEY OF COW-CALF PRODUCERS IN NORTHEASTERN OREGON: ASSESSING THE INDUSTRY...
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Focusing on economically important cow/calf management practices. Mailed 415 self addressed-stamped confidential surveys to cow/calf producers in ...

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A PRODUCTION PRACTICES SURVEY OF COW-CALF PRODUCERS IN NORTHEASTERN OREGON: ASSESSING THE INDUSTRYS EDUCATIONAL NEEDS

Cory Parsons, PAS

Associate Professor,

Department of Animal Sciences

OSU Extension Baker & Union Counties


Introduction & Goals

  • Need to provide timely and pertinent information

  • In order to monitor/measure change I needed to assess the current status

  • Decided to conduct a producer survey


Materials & Methods

  • Modified an existing survey (Bohnert et al. 2005)

  • Modified a 22 question survey into a more comprehensive 27 question survey

  • Focusing on economically important cow/calf management practices

  • Mailed 415 self addressed-stamped confidential surveys to cow/calf producers in Baker and Union counties of northeaster Oregon

  • Waited 2 month and sent a reminder

  • After 4 months we analyzed the responses


Results

  • Analyzed data using SPSS 13.0, 2004 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, Illinois)

  • 103 total surveys were returned (25%)

    • 72 surveys from Baker County (20%)

    • 31 surveys from Union County (7%)

Although County survey data results often varied, for the purpose of this presentation all results have been pooled and will be reported as such.


Results Herd Size

The average herd size varied widely, with the most common herd being 301-400 head which was reported by 15.7% of respondents.

NAHMS 1997

80% 1 - 49 head

19% 50 499 head

1% > 500 head


ResultsType of Operation

  • We listed seven categories for type of beef operation, and respondents were asked to check all that applied. Many respondents listed multiple operation types, indicating the diverse nature of beef production operations in Northeastern Oregon.


Results Culling Practices


Results Culling Practices


Results Cow Replacement Practices


Results Cow Replacement Practices


Results Annual Cow Costs


ResultsFeed Resources


ResultsFeed Resources

NAHMS 1997

9% conduct forage analysis

22% formulate rations


ResultsBull Management

81% of the survey respondents purchase their bull battery from either a bull sale or by private treaty. Only 3% of respondents listed the local auction barn as the location they purchase bulls and 10% of producers stated they do a combination of raising their own bulls and purchasing from bull sale.


ResultsBull Management


ResultsBull Management (BSE)

NAHMS 1997

54% of producers in the West conduct Semen evaluation

65% conduct some type of BSE


ResultsCow Reproduction

76% run between 15-25 cows per bull

NAHMS 1997

94% one calving season

10% 2 or more calving seasons


ResultsCow Reproduction

63% have a breeding season less than 60 days

NAHMS 1997

62% < 105 days

21.2% <64 days


ResultsCalf Marketing

When asked if they currently participate in a retained ownership / niche marketing program 29% stated yes with the remaining 71% stating no.


Conclusions

  • Though not totally inclusive I believe that the results of this survey will be extremely valuable in guiding the Extension livestock programming efforts in Northeastern Oregon.


Conclusions

  • Practices such as,

    • not verifying pregnancy

    • not testing forages

    • not conducting BSE

    • not selling open cows

      are some areas that could benefit from educational efforts with positive impacts.


THANK YOU

QUESTIONS

Cory Parsons, PAS

Associate Professor,

Department of Animal Sciences

OSU Extension Baker & Union Counties


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