The American Renaissance

The American Renaissance PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Overview. An artistic movement in America lasting from c. 1830-1880Marked by an emerging fascination with the American wildernessAmerican artists exert their independence from Europe and traditional artistic expressions to forge new styles and techniques. The World of Letters: Transcendentalism. The truly educated person can transcend the physical world through spirituality and an awareness and appreciation of natureThe significance of nature is highlightedNew England-centered movement; pred9441

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The American Renaissance

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1. The American Renaissance Artistic Expressions in Antebellum America

3. The World of Letters: Transcendentalism The truly educated person can transcend the physical world through spirituality and an awareness and appreciation of nature The significance of nature is highlighted New England-centered movement; predominantly Massachussettes

4. Transcendentalist Literature: Emerson One of the most outspoken and influential transcendentalist writers was Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) Emphasized the need for American literature and education to be independent from European influence An strong abolitionist, much of Emerson's work had anti-slavery undertones Felt the role of government should be limited with more emphasis placed on the individual

5. Emerson

6. Transcendentalist Literature: Thoreau Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862), a contemporary of Emerson with much influence of his own Politically outspoken; an ardent abolitionist "Civil Disobedience" is best known work; insists individuals must act based on morality, not legality Gave many public lectures condemning slavery in an effort to convince both the public and politicians of the immorality of the institution

7. Thoreau

8. Transcendentalist Literature: Fuller Margaret Fuller (1810-1850) was one of America's first feminists, as well as a writer, poet, editor and orator Like her contemporaries in the Transcendentalist movement, a strong abolitionist Likened the abolitionist cause to the emerging feminist movement Found the Transcendentalist movement particularly appealing to the feminist cause

9. Fuller

10. The World of Painting: the Hudson River School The first school of American art Influenced by the Transcendentalist literature movement Sought a liberated and self-determining artistic style separate from European traditionalism Focused on nature; known primarily for epic landscape paintings which depict the vast American wilderness

11. Hudson River School Artists: Cole Thomas Cole (1801-1848), painter and writer Landscape painter focusing largely on the contrast of nature and civilization Expounds in his writings the major differences between the European and American wildernesses, largely the lack of open spaces mainly differentiate the two Concerned with the rise of development

12. Thomas Cole: The Oxbow

13. Hudson River School Artists: Durand Asher B. Durand (1796-1886), contemporary of Cole's Landscape painter in the same vein as Cole Concerned with development and the risk it played on the virtually untouched West Durand's Kindred Spirits became the epic piece of the Hudson River School movement

14. Durand: Kindred Spirits

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