Stop Teaching the E R [email protected] www.phylsquill.com Raising Student Achievement Conference 2009
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Most students over third grade who have learning difficulties serious enough for placement in special programs do not have problems with basic reading skills; rather, these students lack metacomprehension skills, and therefore are unable to systematically construct meaning or utilize strategies efficiently.
(Pogrow, 1993; Caverly, Mandeville, and Nicholson, 1995)
Question Answer Relationship
Taffy E. Raphael - 1983
When QAR is taught to students and practiced in class for as little as eight weeks reading comprehension improves significantly, with average and below-average students showing the greatest improvement.
(Miller, 1997; Richardson and Morgan, 1994)
What is the most impressive man-made structure that you have ever seen in person?
What made it so impressive?
What is the full name of this statue?
Who gave the statue to the United States?
THINK AND SEARCH:
What are some phrases we could use to help others understand what the Statue of Liberty looks like?
AUTHOR AND ME:
What types of reactions do you think people might have the first time they see the Statue of Liberty?
Who wrote The New Colossus?
What is Lazarus referring to when she says Colossus?
What other name does Lazarus give to the Statue of Liberty?
Think and Search:
What adjectives does Lazarus use to describe the Colossus?
What adjectives does Lazarus use to describe the Statue of Liberty?
Author and Me:
What do you see as major differences between the two statues: Colossus and Lady Liberty?
How do you think Emma Lazarus wanted people to feel when they first saw the Statue of Liberty?
How might the contrast of these two statues – Lady Liberty and Colossus - affect the way people feel about the Statue of Liberty?
Restate the prompt: Lazarus wanted people to feel welcome when they saw the Statue of Liberty.
Key Idea: She says the statue is a mighty woman.
Explain the key idea: She is a woman not a man.
Make a connection: Because she is a woman instead of a man, she seems to be friendly.
Key Idea: She is called the Mother of Exiles.
Explain the key idea: Because she is called a Mother, she seems to be friendly.
Make a connection: Most people like their mom.
Key idea: It says she gives a world wide welcome
Explain the key idea: Because she is giving a welcome, she seems friendly.
Make a connection: We have a welcome mat at our front door.
Repeat the prompt: The poet wants people to feel welcome when they see the Statue of Liberty.
Idea: The poet wanted people to feel welcome when they saw the Statue of Liberty.
Evidence: She described it as the Mother of Exiles.
Interpretation: I think that means she wants everyone to think of the Statue as their mother and mothers are nice.
Evidence: She said the statue gives a world wide welcome
Interpretation: I think that means that she is kind and welcomes people from anywhere in the world.
Connection: When I started at a new school, I was scared. But my teacher reminded me of my mom.
Extension: I didn’t feel so scared and nervous because I felt welcomed by the teacher who was like my mom.
do you think – have you ever – how might you feel if – what do you know about
The dragon roared.
Noun – Verb – Noun
The dragon breathed fire.
I was dizzy as a dervish, as weak as aworn-out washer, as low as a badger’s belly,as timid as a titmouse, and as unlikely tosucceed as a ballet dancer with a wooden leg.
Little Sister by Raymond Chandler
She was as clumsy as a three-legged horse,
as skinny as dental floss, as pale as Saran Wrap,
and as boring as a broken keyboard.
On the basketball court I was as fierce as a charging lion,
as fast as the winner at Daytona, as powerful as a newlyspawned hurricane, and as successful as a salesman withlaryngitis.
The Toaster by William Jay Smith
A silver-scaled dragon with
jaws flaming red
Sits at my elbow and toasts
I hand him fat slices, and
then, one by one,
He hands them back when
he sees they are done.
Intangible item (is/became/ seems to be) tangible item ______________
My anger was an acid eating away at me.
My anger was an acid destroying the container called me.
Intangible item, tangible item, ___________________________________
My anger, a burning acid, destroyed my joy, my pride, my life.
The Diatonic Dittymunch by Jack Prelutsky
The Diatonic Dittymunch
plucked music from the air,
it swallowed scores of symphonies,
and still had space to spare,
sonatas and cantatas
slithered sweetly down its throat,
it made ballads into salads,
and consumed them note-by-note.
It ate marches and mazurkas,
it ate rhapsodies and reels,
minuets and tarantellas
were the staples of its meals,
but the Diatonic Dittymunch
outdid itself one day,
it ate a three-act opera,
and loudly passed away.
Hear the lark and harken to the barking of the dark fox gone to ground - Pink Floyd
With the sound, with the sound, with the sound of the ground. - David Bowie, "Law (Earthlings on Fire)"
I never seen so many Dominicanwomen with cinnamon tans - Will Smith, Miami
This is a turkle. Turkles take turns tickling turtles. They love the taste of trout, tuna, and tilapia. This turkle made a toupee from twine and attached it to his head with taffy. He traded ten tennis balls for a trampoline. He won a trophy for tooting a trombone while traveling on a tricycle to Tennessee. Turkles will lose their temper if you tap on the top of their trailers.
What makes this a good piece of writing?
by Eve Merriam
The rusty spigot sputters, utters
a splutter, spatters a smattering of drops, gashes wider; slashsplattersscattersspurts finally stops sputteringand plash! gushes rushes splashes clear water dashes.
Somebody Has To by Shel Silverstein
Somebody has to go polish the stars,
They\'re looking a little bit dull.
Somebody has to go polish the stars,
For the eagles and starlings and gulls
Have all been complaining they\'re tarnished and worn,
They say they want new ones we cannot afford.
So please get your rags
And your polishing jars,
Somebody has to go polish the stars.
Let the rain beat upon your head with silver liquid drops
Let the rain sing you a lullaby
The rain makes still pools on the sidewalk
The rain makes running pools in the gutter
The rain plays a little sleep song on our roof at night
And I love the rain.
Like a swing dancer, the car danced down the icy street to the rhythm of every bump and dip.
The telephone at my bedside offered me a silent promise; “Yes, she will call.”
The tired kitten on my lap slept like a baby.
First, the colors on the plains and mountains take my breath away. I love to see the green grassy plains swaying in the wind as if the wind is playing a song. I especially like to watch the mountains turn colors when the sun shines down on them.
Don’t let this seemingly weak blob of jelly fool you. The well-armed octopus is a powerful and sneaky fighting machine.
I love watching the Orcas jump to huge heights. It enchants me to see how this whale can soar in the air for a period of time like a cloud hovering through the sky. I wonder what it feels like to weigh 2 tons and have everyone stare at you as you leap from the depths of the ocean. When I look at the whale’s huge size, it thrills me to wonder how it can leap from the water like that.
In the first place, my cat keeps me company. She snuggles up and begs to be petted or scratched. I can’t resist that soft little purr when Puddin comes looking for petting. My cat is also playful. I can dangle a feather from a string and Puddin will swat at it with her paws. Her other favorite game is to chase a wind up mouse around the house. She runs, darts around corners, and pounces on the little mouse. Then she brings it back to me and drops it at my feet. It’s like if she’s saying, “Do that again.”
Big brown eyes, a waggly tail, a little mop of fur scooting through the house – everybody loves a puppy. Mom, Dad, I sure do wish you would let me have a puppy. You know that I am responsible and could take good care of a puppy. Not only would I take good care of a puppy but it could help to take care of me and make me more healthy. Instead of watching TV, I could play with my puppy.
That helped people who hadn’t a clue
Full of good flavonoids
It filled a diet void
It can help increase memory for you.
The little one asleep in its cradle,
I lift the gauze and look a long time, and silently brush away flies with my hand.
The bride unrumples her white dress, the minute-hand of the clock moves slowly.
The snow-sleighs, clinking, shouted jokes, pelts of snow-balls,
The wild gander leads his flock through the cool night,
Ya-honk he says, and sounds it down to me like an invitation.
The human heart beating with terrible throes under its ribs
The whispering stars of heaven
The running blackberry will adorn the parlors of heaven,
The cow crunching with depress’d head surpasses any statue,
The large hearts of heroes
The courage of present times and all times.
I DO NOT UNDERSTAND
The hounded slave that flags in the race, leans by the fence, blowing, cover’d with sweat
The twinges that sting like needles his legs and neck, the murderous buckshot and the bullets
The white roses sweet-scented and growing.
Why technology is taking over the world
The thrill of hitting a home run
The excitement of the Cardinals winning the pennant.
I don’t understand
Why English is so difficult for me
Why the pigeons lounge around school
A math teacher frazzled furious frustrated Another teacher puzzling over someone’s conduct
The dew on the wet roses in early morn
The cold metal of a yellow school bus
The whispering wind hitting my face
The screeching bell calling me
To another day of school
I breathe in and smell
The excellent scent of strawberries
The scent of Michael Jordan cologne
The fresh air
The fresh smell of soap
The delicious cherry pit
The cherry roll
A mouth-watering piece of Bubble Yum
I taste ice cream slithering and sliding down my throat,
hot, cheesy pizza burning my sensitive tongue,
the melting chocolate of an almond Hershey bar.
I breathe in and smell the sweet perfume of blooming flowers,
the disgusting stench of a burning cigarette,
the relief of fresh rich country air.
I see new born birds craving a juicy worm,
a glistening waterfall splashing into a lake,
Jackie Kennedy’s clothing drenched in blood,
students struggling with a writing assignment,
the spirit dances of Native Americans,
crashing waves in Picos de Europa,
a wind surfer struggling to stay on his board,
smoke rising from a burning grill.
dolphins playing tag in salty ocean water,
a river running through Isles of the Caribbean,
a family welcoming home their son from the war,
running water in the Grand Canyon,
a mosaic paving the way for kindergartners as they head
toward a carefully reserved Renaissance house
decorated with graffiti.
I hear blood running down and shots ringing in the air,
the taunt of a drug dealer tempting innocent youth with drugs.
I hear the laughter of children playing,
rumors swirling around school,
blood-curdling screams of slaves being whipped,
wind rattling the leaves of trees,
animals hooves clopping down the road,
campfires crackling as the campers drift off to sleep,
combines harvesting corn,
a bird drinking from a leaky faucet,
the silent growth of flowers,
the yipping of puppies taken away from their mother.
I taste, I breathe. I see, I hear.
Did the dragon roar? (3)
Ferociously, the dragon roared. (4)
In the morning, the dragon roared. (5)
The dragon, one of the king’s pets, roared. (6)
Because his dinner arrived late, the dragon roared. (7)
The dragon roared, growled, and hissed.(9)
Angry, the dragon roared. (11)
Grumpy because of a hangnail, the dragon roared. (12)
To frighten the tourists, the dragon roared. (13)
Frustrated, the dragon roared. (15)
Having burnt dinner again, the dragon roared. (16)
The dragon that lives next door roared.(17)
The dragon, who normally loves company, roared. (18)
The dragon roared; the knight whimpered. (20)
The dragon roared; nevertheless, the knight approached his lair. (21)
The dragon, desperate for attention, roared. (23)
Tired, cold, and hungry – the dragon roared. (24)
The astronaut repaired the Hubble.
Did the astronaut repair the Hubble? (3)
Carefully, the astronaut repaired the Hubble.(4)
On day three, the astronaut repaired the Hubble. (5)
The astronaut, Dr. Megan McArthur, repaired the Hubble. (6)
The astronaut repaired the Hubble because its bolts had frozen. (8)
The astronaut repaired the Hubble, collected data, and conducted a demonstration.(9/10)
Confident, the astronaut repaired the Hubble. (11)
Nervous because of the fire, the astronaut repaired the Hubble. (12)
To insure clear photographs of the galaxy, the astronaut repaired the Hubble. (13)
Struggling with the frozen bolts, the astronaut repaired the Hubble. (14)
Worried, the astronaut repaired the Hubble. (15)
Having diagnosed the problem, the astronaut repaired the Hubble. (16)
The astronaut that waved to me at lift off repaired the Hubble.(17)
The astronaut repaired the Hubble, and mission control monitored the event. (19)
The astronaut repaired the Hubble; the other crew members assisted her. (20)
The astronaut repaired the Hubble; therefore, NASA received clear pictures of the galaxy again. (21)
The astronaut, determined to succeed, repaired the Hubble. (23)
Tired, cold, and hungry – the astronaut repaired the Hubble. (24)
Select 3 or 4 of the patterns and teach only those. Then use them for revision and short writing activities. Challenge the students to use vivid verbs in the patterns.
see next slide for suggested phrases
my dad makes pan-cakes.
In the morning
Maniac Magee by Jerry Spinelli
6. My neighbor hobbled from the recliner to the dinner table.
The cows are surprised by the Eiffel Tower. It is larger than they had expected. One cow thinks it looks like a giant letter A made out of iron bones. The cows had expected it to be silver, but it is really brown, the rich color of the earth back in the fields.
The Cows Are Going to Paris by David Kirby & Allen Woodman
A few Roman wedding traditions are still visible in today’s wedding celebrations. Roman women wore a ring on the third finger of the left hand, the “ring finger.” People believed that a vein in that finger led straight to the heart. After the wedding ceremony, there was a procession to the groom’s house. People in the procession threw nuts at the bridal couple, just like people today throw rice or confetti. The bride carried a torch through the procession. At the end of the procession, the groom carried the bride over the threshold of their home. The bride then used her torch to light a fire for warmth and light. She the threw the torch to the people waiting outside the house, much the way today’s bride throws her wedding bouquet.
Great Source Reading Advantage: Travel the World. When in Rome.
Little depth is provided in the details of this response. Support consists of some specifics with extension (get a lot of sleep so you are not tired
in the morning and it is good to get a lot of sleep at lest 8 hours) . . . In order to achieve a higher score, greater depth and specificity in the details would be required.
Do the details prove the point?
Can the readers visualize?
Support Score = 4
Do the details prove the point?
Can the reader visualize?
What is the proof?
Does any of this help us to visualize? How could this writer help the readers to visualize seashells – exotic fish – or swimming practice?