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Processes of Change. The Social Studies Center http://socialstudies.tea.state.tx.us. Processes of Change. What is this correlation all about? What are the links between geography and history? How can you help students master this material? Site and Urbanization. World Geography 18 Culture.

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Processes of change

Processes of Change

The Social Studies Centerhttp://socialstudies.tea.state.tx.us


Processes of change1
Processes of Change

  • What is this correlation all about?

  • What are the links between geography and history?

  • How can you help students master this material?

    • Site and Urbanization


Processes of change2

World Geography 18 Culture.

(A) Describe the impact of general PROCESSES such as migration, war, trade, independent inventions, and diffusion of ideas and motivations on cultural change

World History 1 History.

(B) Identify CHANGES that resulted from important turning points in world history such as the development of farming… cities; the scientific,industrial, political revolutions; world wars…

Processes of Change


Strategy
Strategy

  • Identify the causes (such as migration, war, trade etc.) and analyze the effects (such as cultural change, the development of agriculture, urbanization etc.) of important turning points in world history.


Processes of change3

Interrelationships

Patterns

Processes

Processes of Change

Causes and Effects

What are the forces

causing them to be here?

Where are things?


Processes of change4
Processes of Change

  • Changes caused by revolutions & wars

  • Factors that contributed to the diffusion of ideas and consequences

  • Processes that affect patterns of urbanization

Causes/Factors

Underlying

Processes

Effects


Geography history links
Geography-History Links

  • Four Questions…

  • What was the geographic context?

  • How did it change?

  • How did the geographic context influence and shape events?

  • How did people perceive the world then?


Geographic context
Geographic Context

  • Human characteristics

    • Population, ethnicity, age and class structure, religious beliefs, what people ate, housing, who worked and what did they do…

  • Environmental characteristics

    • Physical characteristics, site, climate, soils, resources


Geographic context1
Geographic Context

  • Human-environment relations

    • Nature of relations, environment able to support population, ways people altered the environment, resources, natural hazards

  • Spatial organization

    • Situation, transportation, linkages to other places, barriers to communication/transport, arrangement & organization of towns


Change

Interrelationships

Processes

Patterns

Change

  • Processes that drive change…

    • Migration, cultural change (diffusion, acculturation, assimilation), colonization, frontier expansion, changes in technology, economic development, population growth, trade


Context effects
Context Effects

  • Every event in history occurred within a geographic context

    • Environment offers humans a range of opportunities and possibilities

    • Everyday conditions AND extraordinary events


Perception
Perception

  • How did people understand and assess the physical and human characteristics of their world?

    • Beliefs and attitudes regarding the environment, migration, land use, rights and privileges etc.

    • Perception, not reality, influences decision making

    • Diverse perspectives: competing points of view


Suggested strategies
Suggested Strategies

  • Help students to think geographically.

    • Space, location, & movement matter

  • Help students to see change.

    • Visualize change through images & maps


Suggested strategies1
Suggested Strategies

  • Help students to think geographically.

    • Space, location, & movement matter

  • Help students to see change.

    • Visualize change through images & maps

  • Help students consider how people saw their world.

    • Literature, primary documents, newspaper articles, personal accounts


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