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New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services. Sylvia Dellas Coordinator, Child Health Has no financial interest or affiliations, as well as no plan to discuss either a Non-FDA approved or investigational use of products or devices. Monmouth County Health Department

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New jersey department of health and senior services l.jpg
New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services

Sylvia Dellas

Coordinator, Child Health

Has no financial interest or affiliations,

as well as no plan to discuss either a

Non-FDA approved or

investigational use of products or devices


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Monmouth County

Health Department

Jeryl Krautle

Kate AndrewsWe have no financial interest or affiliations, as well as no plan to discuss either a non FDA approved or investigational use of products or devices.


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Effects of Lead on Children

  • The long term effects of lead in a child can be severe; and may include

    • Learning disabilities

    • Decreased growth

    • Behavior problems

    • Impaired hearing

    • Long term neurological damage

*EPA Lead Poisoning and Your Child, EPA 747-K-00-003 October 2000


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Environmental Intervention of the Lead Poisoned Child

By the end of this session you will:

  • Know the substantive proposed amendments to N.J.A.C. 8:51

  • Know how the proposed amendments will affect local health departments.


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Why amendments to N.J.A.C. 8:51

  • P.L. 2003, Chapter 311 Lead Hazard Control Assistance Act

  • Eliminate childhood lead poisoning as a public health problem

  • Set forth uniform standards

  • Improve compliance

  • Improve communication, tracking prevalence and incidence, and managing cases

CDC - Standard Surveillance Definitions and Classifications June 1, 2009


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N.J.A.C 8:51Childhood Lead Poisoning

  • Proposed readoption with amendments, new rules, and repeals.

  • Initially set to expire November 16, 2009. Notice of Proposal filed to extend expiration to May 15, 2010.

  • Amend chapter name to remove “State Sanitary Code Chapter XIII”

  • Department staff consulted with DCA


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Subchapter 1

  • Sets forth one location the policies, guidelines, forms, assessments, and materials incorporated by reference

  • Adds definitions


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Subchapter 2

  • Reduction of the capillary blood lead level to trigger confirmation

  • Provision of case management with a confirmed blood lead level of 10 -14 ug/dL at least one month apart

  • Testing of pregnant women in the household

  • Assignment of cases

  • Discharge criteria


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Subchapter 3

  • DHSS reports to local board of health blood lead levels of 10 ug/dL or greater

  • Must provide all information regarding local board of health actions to the

    primary care provider

  • Must report violations and enforcement procedures to DCA

  • Circumstances in which electronic and written records are maintained and released


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Subchapter 4

  • Requires environmental intervention for confirmed blood lead levels of 15 ug/dL or greater, or two consecutive test results of

    10 -14 ug/dL at least one month apart

  • All reports of blood lead tests would be forwarded to the local board of health

  • Conduct limited hazard assessment at planned temporary relocation with full hazard assessment at planned permanent relocation address

  • Provide written materials to tenants of all units in a multi-unit building when an EBLL is identified in one of the units


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Subchapter 4 continued

  • Conduct dust sampling in addition to limited hazard assessment of houses that do not have a lead-free certificate

  • Remediate nonpaint lead hazards

  • Environmental Intervention Reports must be provided to property owners without

    the name of the lead burdened child

  • Copy of Notice of Violation must be provided to local construction official


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Subchapter 5

  • Collection of at least one surface dust wipe sample on the floor of the primary entry way and a minimum of six single surface dust wipe samples per dwelling

  • Minimum of two samples of bare soil from the primary residence that is accessible or poses a hazard


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Subchapter 5 continued

  • DHSS will accept other sample collection or testing methods approved by any government agency having regulatory responsibility regarding lead hazards

  • Paint, soil, or dust testing methods for screening purposes but be confirmed for enforcement purposes


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Subchapter 6

  • Proposed to allow abatement and/or interim controls to address lead-based paint on exterior surfaces

  • Establishes standards that the person performing the work must follow for abatement and interim controls

  • Establishes requirements for abatement and/or interim controls related to lead-contaminated soil


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Subsection 7

  • Requires immediate relocation of occupants to comparable lead safe housing upon receipt of notice of violation

  • Local boards of health shall, when an owner does not, perform or arrange for abatement of lead hazards

  • Required 10 day notice to DCA

  • Local boards of health are responsible to monitor all lead abatement and/or interim controls it has ordered


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Subchapter 8

  • Owner is responsible for obtaining independent clearance testing within 30 days from the final cleaning

  • Owner is to obtain a lead hazard free certificate for exterior surfaces upon completion of exterior interim controls work


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Subchapter 9

  • Penalties for violations

  • DHSS may report a health officer’s failure to comply with this chapter or with an order or directive of DHSS

  • Sets forth when a local board of health has to implement an abatement and/or interim controls notice or order because the property owner refuses to comply


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Subchapter 10

  • Sets standards applicable to Childhood Lead Poisoning Information Database

    • Access and limitations

    • Required training

    • Confidentiality

    • User Confidentiality Agreement

    • Quarterly quality assurance audit


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Grantee NJDHSS

  • Piloted lower EBL Action level to include

    • Nurse case management

    • Environmental Intervention


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How It All Begins

  • Notification of EBL (Elevated Blood Lead) is received by the health department through Leadtrax notification, phone calls primary care providers and/or fax from NJDHSS LP-1

  • Confirmed lead


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Interventions

  • Case manager and lead inspector/risk assessor are assigned within 24 hours.

  • Current time frames for initial visits

    • Nurse –

      • PB 10-14 visit within 3 weeks

      • Pb 15 – 44 visit within 2 weeks

      • Pb 45 – 69 visit within 48 hours

      • Pb 70 or greater – visit within 24 hours


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Intervention Time Frames

  • Inspection time frames

    • Blood Lead Over 69 within 24 hours

    • Blood lead 45-69 wihtin 48 hours

    • Blood lead 20-44 within 1 week

    • Blood lead 15-19 within 2 weeks

    • Blood lead 10-14 within 3 weeks


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Joint Visit

  • Goals –

    • Educate parent

    • Lead Hazard Assessment Questionnaire

    • Inspect and Evaluate potential sources of lead

    • Implement/Recommend immediate hazard reduction methods

    • Possibly recommend the removal of child from hazards/dwelling

    • Identify additional locations that may be contributing sources


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Lead Hazard Assessment Questionnaire

  • Grantee – draft of revised form

  • Case manager and inspector share joint responsibility for this questionnaire

  • Both must sign off the areas completed and review each others section


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Questionnaire explores

  • Background information physical characteristics and residential use pattern

  • Previous inspections

  • Potential sources in the neighborhood

  • Hazard Assessment Questionnaire

  • Visual inspection – interior & exterior

  • Testing defective paint, interior, other buildings on premises, furniture, toys and play structures

  • Testing of intact paint on friction surfaces

  • Testing intact paint on chewable surfaces, if indicated by questionnaire or evidence of chewing

  • Testing on impact surfaces, if evidence of impact damage

  • Dust sampling of window sills and floors in rooms identified in the Lead Hazard assessment questionnaire as play areas, hiding areas or areas where the child is most likely to come into contact with dust

  • Soil sampling when indicated by questionnaire, of bare soil – min. of 2

  • Evaluation of exterior – “if no lead hazard found in interior

  • Testing of soil, if no lead hazard found in interior or exterior

  • Other possible sources as indicated by questionaire

    • Nonpaint lead hazards

    • Other sites


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Lead Paint Hazard

  • Common Routes of Exposure

    • Window sills and wells

    • Impact and friction surfaces

    • Areas of chipping and peeling


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Dust

  • Sampling

  • Sampling equipment – LIFT grant

  • LHD collect single surface paint and other surface coating samples in conformance with sampling procedures found in HUD guidelines

  • Shall collect dust wipe samples

    • One sample on floor of the primary entrance way

    • Minimum of six samples per dwelling


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Water

  • Municipal Water

  • Well – case in Howell

  • Plumbing pre-1984


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Soil

  • EPA guidelines with action levels

  • Remediation

    • Remove or interim controls


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Occupational/Hobbies

  • Sinkers

  • Work clothes

  • Stained Glass

  • Furniture refinishing

  • Shooting ranges


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Other sources

  • Cosmetics

  • Home remedies

  • Herbals

  • Spices

  • Candy

  • Cooking vessels/utensils/storage

  • Toys

  • Furniture

  • And the list goes on


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Immediate Hazard Reduction Methods

  • Duct tape

  • Moving furniture

  • Cleaning methods

  • Hepa-vaccuum - loans


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Interim Controls - Exterior

  • Paint stabilization

  • Siding

  • Aluminum Wrap


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Importance of Nurse Case Manager/Lead Inspector/Risk Assessor Communication

  • Case management visits

  • Departmental differences

  • Difficulties with harassing/evicting tenants

  • Work has begun

  • Resident moved


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Importance of Nurse Case Manager/Lead Risk Assessor Communication (con’t)

  • Exchange of information regarding sources, drug activity, developmental issues, parenting issues

  • Don’t limit visits to environmental and/or nursing issues. Communication is the key to the best outcome for the child


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Owner/tenant notification Communication (con’t)

  • Owner – NOV certified letter with DCA approved contractors, readings, dust wipe sample results and copies of Chapter XIII (NJAC 8:51) and DCA NJAC Chapter 5:17 with 10 days to reply

  • Provide info on DCA funding sources

  • EPA regulation regarding notification for sale

  • Code enforcement is notified to hold co

  • Tenant – notified inspection completed, lead found, areas, advise hand wash, dietary, cleaning


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Contractor Meeting/Phone Call Communication (con’t)

  • Review inspection report with the contractor

  • Scope of work submitted for review

    • I’ll do the best I can

    • I’ll try

    • Paint with encapsulate

    • If SOW is approved letter to owner, contractor and local construction official


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This is where it falls apart Communication (con’t)

  • Expensive

    • Current funding sources

  • Landlord wants to evict

  • Owner occupied

  • Foreclosures

    • Dealing with banks


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Expensive Communication (con’t)

  • DCA abatement funding

  • Relocation Fund – DCA

  • Local and county affordable housing funds


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Owner doesn’t respond Communication (con’t)

  • 10 days after receipt of letter

  • Issue summons

    • Chapter XIII – 8:51-6.2 (exterior) and 8:51-6.3 (interior)


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Eviction Communication (con’t)

  • Can not evict as an abatement method


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Owner Occupied Communication (con’t)

  • Allowed to do work themselves

  • Increased risk of exposure to themselves and the child

  • Long time frame – drag on

  • Chapter XIII – 8:51-7.1 – health dept responsible for abatement


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Foreclosures Communication (con’t)

  • Bank not foreclosing due to lead

  • Tied up in court for long periods

  • Important to put a hold on the CO


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Other sources Communication (con’t)

  • Causative factors – water leak

  • Lead Recall Book

  • Imported cosmetics, candy, pottery, cooking utensils, furniture etc

    • Chapter XIII (NJAC 8:51 4.2 9d and 8:51 6.5)


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Occupations/Hobbies Communication (con’t)

  • Removing the source

    • Recent poisoning – lead workers with the car seats

    • Right to Know

    • OSHA for workers

    • All else fails Criminal Code 2c – Endangering the Welfare of a Child


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Partners Communication (con’t)

  • Model Cities – local ordinances

  • Code Enforcement

  • Building Department

  • Neighborhood Perseveration/ Historical Preservation

  • DCA

  • EPA

  • Law Enforcement

  • Consumer Affairs (State and local)

  • Prosecutors/Judges

  • Public Advocate


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Where do we go from here? Communication (con’t)

  • Right now working in reactive way –

  • Future- Intervene and prevent lead exposure

  • Primary prevention – CDC, HUD and NJDHSS moving to Healthy Homes


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Questions? Communication (con’t)


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