HP Agriculture – At a Glance
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HP Agriculture – At a Glance . Agro-Climatic Zones. Shift in Area in Ten Years. Status of Production and Productivity in H.P. Land Holdings. Small and fragmented landholding Specific land use mechanism Gorkha labours Land of Devtas Any other mechanism Leased in leased out .

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Land holdings l.jpg
Land Holdings

  • Small and fragmented landholding

  • Specific land use mechanism

  • Gorkha labours

  • Land of Devtas

  • Any other mechanism

  • Leased in leased out


Agricultural facts l.jpg
Agricultural Facts

  • 69 per cent directly get employment

  • 21 per cent of the state income

  • 84.5 % holdings are small (1-2 ha – 20 %) and marginal below (1 ha- 64 %)

  • 14.9 medium (4-10 Ha) and semi medium (2-4 ha – 11%)

  • 0.6 % by large (More than 10 ha)


Agriculture systems l.jpg
Agriculture Systems

  • Kuhl irrigation major source

  • Output is in mans ( measurements differ from area to area)

  • Women play a dominant role

  • Mixed farming

  • Specialized farming

  • Integrated farming systems

  • Interactions of animals with cropping systems


Agriculture systems8 l.jpg
Agriculture Systems

  • Barter system still presents

  • Private companies have entered into seed industry

  • Growing potential for maize crop in Hamirpur

  • Vegetable production for local markets (Manali)

  • Kharif and rabi seasons

  • Summer and winter crop seasons


Agriculture systems9 l.jpg
Agriculture Systems

  • Off season vegetables

  • Land ploughing by bullocks

  • Animal husbandry as a source of supporting incomes

  • Land labourers in PWD etc during off seasons

  • Farm income through collection of medicinal plants


Measurements l.jpg
Measurements

  • Kanals and bighas are the land measurements

  • 25 kanals = one ha

  • 2 kanals = one bigha

  • 12.5 bighas = one hectare

  • 1 kanal = 200 sq mts

  • 1 bigha =400 sq mts


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