Free and low cost online legal research
1 / 43

free and low-cost online legal research - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Updated On :

Free and Low-cost Online Legal Research. Tina S. Ching Reference Librarian. February 28, 2006. Real World Costs of Lexis and Westlaw… sort of. Access in Law School Billing Clients Overhead Costs Rate Increases Examples of Pricing. Pay versus Free. Search Function Annotations

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'free and low-cost online legal research' - Albert_Lan

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Free and low cost online legal research l.jpg

Free and Low-cost Online Legal Research

Tina S. Ching

Reference Librarian

February 28, 2006

Real world costs of lexis and westlaw sort of l.jpg
Real World Costs of Lexis and Westlaw… sort of

  • Access in Law School

  • Billing Clients

  • Overhead Costs

  • Rate Increases

  • Examples of Pricing

Pay versus free l.jpg
Pay versus Free

  • Search Function

  • Annotations

  • Lag Time

  • Information for your Clients

  • Not everything is online

  • Not everything can be bought

Starting points l.jpg
Starting Points

  • Free sites that provide access or links to various types of legal information

  • Does not always have good searching capabilities

  • May need to register

  • May be owned by major publisher

Starting points findlaw l.jpg
Starting Points - FindLaw








Starting points lexisone l.jpg
Starting Points - lexisone








Starting points lii l.jpg
Starting Points - LII






Starting points gpo access l.jpg
Starting Points - GPO Access



U.S. Code

Public Laws


Cases l.jpg

  • May be able to search multiple states at once

  • Date ranges of available cases vary

  • Keyword and Boolean searching may be available

  • May link to court’s website

Cases findlaw l.jpg
Cases - FindLaw


“motion picture” near copyright

Cases court websites l.jpg
Cases - Court Websites

Briefs l.jpg

  • Briefs are not always available even with Westlaw

  • Supreme Court briefs are easier to find for free

  • Older briefs may only be available in print or microfiche

Briefs14 l.jpg

Court rules l.jpg
Court Rules

  • Court Rules are free  But no annotations 

  • Check the court’s website for a link to court rules

  • May have to “register” to access information

  • Access may be through publisher (i.e. West)

Court rules arizona l.jpg
Court Rules - Arizona

Statutes and bills l.jpg
Statutes and Bills

  • Available for free!

  • No annotations

  • Not all info may be available

  • Older materials may not be available

Statutes u s code l.jpg
Statutes - U.S. Code

Statutes arizona l.jpg
Statutes - Arizona

Bills thomas l.jpg
Bills - Thomas

Regulations l.jpg

  • Federal Register has final rules and regulations, proposed rules and notices of administrative actions (such as hearings)

  • Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) is an annual subject compilation of the rules and regulations

Regulations agency web site l.jpg
Regulations - Agency Web Site

Arizona regulations l.jpg
Arizona Regulations

California regulations l.jpg
California Regulations

Washington regulations l.jpg
Washington Regulations

City ordinances l.jpg
City Ordinances

  • Not always available in Print

  • Usually linked to City’s website

Tempe city code l.jpg
Tempe City Code

Secondary sources l.jpg
Secondary Sources

  • Mostly written for the public

  • Great for clients who want to do some research

  • Great for attorneys or students who want general information

  • Limited Information

Secondary sources nolo l.jpg
Secondary Sources - Nolo

Secondary sources aba l.jpg
Secondary Sources - ABA

Secondary sources state bar l.jpg
Secondary Sources - State Bar

Low cost alternatives l.jpg
Low Cost Alternatives

  • More advanced search functions than free resources

  • Can search multiple databases at once

  • Access to more secondary resources

  • Do not expect Lexis or Westlaw

Low cost alternatives loislaw l.jpg
Low Cost Alternatives - LoisLaw

Other low cost alternatives l.jpg

Other Low Cost Alternatives

Don t forget your local law library l.jpg

Don’t Forget your Local Law Library

  • Access to paid databases usually only in the library

    • Westlaw Patron Access

    • Academic Universe

    • Congressional Universe

  • Research Guides often available online

  • Portals – links to free and subscription databases