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Computer Access and Augmentative Communication. Jill Ethridge, OTR/L Janie Cirlot-New, M.S., CCC/SLP National AgrAbility Workshop Jackson, MS November 14, 2006. What is Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC)?. the supplementation or replacement of speech and/or writing

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Computer Access and Augmentative Communication

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Computer Access and Augmentative Communication

Jill Ethridge, OTR/L

Janie Cirlot-New, M.S., CCC/SLP

National AgrAbility Workshop

Jackson, MS

November 14, 2006


What is Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC)?

the supplementation or replacement of speech and/or writing

  • Aided communication

  • Unaided communication


Cerebral palsy

Autism

Developmental apraxia of speech

Mental retardation

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis

Traumatic brain injury

Stroke

Who uses AAC?Individuals with:


Benefits of AAC…

  • Independence

  • Control

  • Social Inclusion

  • Community Participation

  • Employment

  • Academic achievement


AAC Evaluation

  • Multidisciplinary Team

  • Client’s goals and objectives

  • Client’s functional abilities

  • Family/Caregiver


Low Tech

Alphabet boards

Topic boards

Tech/Four

Partner/Four

Tech/Talk

Tech/Speak

Leo

Go Talk

High Tech

DV4

MT4

DynaWrite

Pathfinder

Vantage

Vanguard

Mini Merc

Tech Touch

AAC Systems


Types of Displays

  • Fixed

  • Dynamic


Access Considerations

  • Direct select

    • Touch

    • Eye gaze

    • Infrared

  • Scanning


Messages

  • Single word

  • Phrases

  • Sentences

  • Pre-stored message


Funding

  • Medicare

  • Medicaid

  • Private insurance

  • Vocational Rehabilitation

  • Local Education Agency


Who benefits from adaptive computer access technologies?

  • Individuals with Visual Disabilities

  • Individuals with Physical Disabilities

  • Individuals with Cognitive Disabilities


Things to Consider

  • What is the expected outcome of using AT?

  • What is the individual’s view of using the recommended AT?

  • What is the individual’s level of computer literacy?

  • How will training be provided for the AT?

  • What environment is the AT going to be used in?


Areas of AT:Technology for Vision Impairments

The exploration of solutions for the individual's needs utilizing an array of state-of-the-art devices and software applications.


Areas of AT:Technology for Vision Impairments

Adaptive technologies range from hand held magnifiers and electronic magnification systems to computer software that produces auditory and tactile outputs for the text displayed on a computer monitor.


Areas of AT:Technology for Vision Impairments


Computer Software

Visual Disabilities

  • Screen magnification

    • Examples: Zoom Text, MAGic, Lunar Screen Magnifier

  • Screen reading

    • Examples: JAWS, Window-Eyes

  • Scanning and reading systems

    • Examples: Kurzweil 1000, OpenBook, Scan and Read

  • Display settings (some built into OS)

    • Examples: mouse, cursor, icons, background, and text color


Computer Software

Physical Disabilities

  • On-screen Keyboards (WiViK, ScreenDoors)

  • Voice Recognition (Dragon NaturallySpeaking)

  • Abbreviation Expansion (SoothSayer)

  • Word Prediction (WordQ, WYNN)

  • Morse Code (Darci)


Computer Software

Learning Disabilities

  • Talking Word Processors

  • Word Prediction

  • Scan and Read (Kurzweil 3000)


Computer Hardware

Alternative Mice/Mouse Control

  • “Standard Mice”


Computer Hardware

Alternative Mice/Mouse Control

  • Trackballs


Computer Hardware

Alternative Mice/Mouse Control

  • Joystick Mouse

    • Also, possibly through wheelchair controller


Computer Hardware

Alternative Mice/Mouse Control

  • Mouse Pointing Through Head Control

    • Infra red

    • USB Camera


Computer Hardware

Alternative Mice/Mouse Control

  • Other Options


Computer Hardware

Alternative Mice/Mouse Control

  • Other Options

    • Switch Control for Mouse or Just Click

    • Touch Screen


Computer Hardware

Alternative Keyboards

  • “Ergonomic Keyboards”


Computer Hardware

Alternative Keyboards

  • Small Footprint Keyboards


Computer Hardware

Alternative Keyboards

  • Large Keyboards


Computer Hardware

Alternative Keyboards

  • One Handed Keyboards


Computer Hardware

Alternative Keyboards

  • Other Options


The Work Station:Ergonomics & Positioning Aids

  • Arm and Wrist Supports


The Work Station:Ergonomics & Positioning Aids

  • Copy/Paper Holders

  • Book Stands


The Work Station:Ergonomics & Positioning Aids

  • Adjustable Tables


The Work Station:Ergonomics & Positioning Aids

  • Adjustable Chairs


The Work Station:Ergonomics & Positioning Aids

  • Miscellaneous


T. K. Martin Center for Technology and Disability

P.O. Box 9736

Mississippi State, MS 39762

662.325.1028

[email protected]

[email protected]


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