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COMMUNICATION & PRESENTATION SKILLS ORAL SKILLS & SPOKEN ENGLISH


COMMUNICATION & PRESENTATION SKILLS ORAL SKILLS & SPOKEN ENGLISH. MILIND MALSHE Professor Department of Humanities & Social Sciences IIT-BOMBAY. MAIN POINTS TO REMEMBER ABOUT ORAL PRESENTATION. (i) effective use of visual aids (ii) adequate eye contact : size of the audience

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COMMUNICATION & PRESENTATION SKILLS ORAL SKILLS & SPOKEN ENGLISH

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Communication presentation skills oral skills spoken english

COMMUNICATION & PRESENTATION SKILLSORAL SKILLS & SPOKEN ENGLISH

MILIND MALSHE

Professor

Department of Humanities & Social Sciences

IIT-BOMBAY


Main points to remember about oral presentation

MAIN POINTS TO REMEMBER ABOUT ORAL PRESENTATION

  • (i) effective use of visual aids

  • (ii) adequate eye contact : size of the audience

  • (iii) clarity in pronunciation and fluency

  • (iv) maintaining a proper speed of presentation

  • (v) posture and body movements suggesting confidence

  • (vi) seeking and making proper use of visual feedback

  • (vii) noting down important points arising out of discussion


Developing oral skills

DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS

  • 1. Speech & Writing/Printing: a comparison

  • Speech : pitch, volume, tone, speed, pauses, body movements, facial expressions

  • Writing/Printing: punctuation, capitalization, spacing, margins, fonts


Developing oral skills continued

DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS (continued)

  • 2. Pronunciation of Words:

    (a) vowel and consonant sounds

  • (comparison of sounds with letters a-z);

    The letter “a” in :

    fat /æ/, father /a:/,

    fate /eɪ/, about /ə/

    Or the letters “th” in “thin” /ɵ/ & “then” /ð/.

    Also notice

    (b) word-stress: ‘language, communi’cation


Developing oral skills continued1

DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS (continued)

  • 3. Use of the phonetic script and the (Pronouncing) Dictionary: International Phonetic Alphabet: free downloading is possible

  • Dictionaries on CD : listening to the pronunciation and it variety (e.g. British & American) now possible


Developing oral skills continued2

DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS (continued)

4. Pronunciation of Sentences:

intonation and rhythm

INTONATION: rising / (yes /)

falling \ (yes \)

combination \/ (yes \/)

RHYTHM: de dum de dum

x ’x ’


Vowel sounds of english

Vowel sounds of English

  • (Pure Vowels/Monophthongs)initiallymediallyfinally

  • 1. /i:/ eastsheetkey

  • 2. /I/ ithitduty

  • 3. /e / endsend

  • 4. /æ/ and sand

  • 5. /a:/ artheart car

  • 6. /ɒ/ oxfox


Vowel sounds of english continued

Vowel sounds of English (continued)

initiallymediallyfinally

7. /ɔ:/ allball saw

8. /U/ put

9. /u:/oozechoosechew

10.//upcup

11./з:/earnlearn stir

12. /ə/agopolicemaker


Vowel sounds of english continued diphthongs

Vowel sounds of English (continued)Diphthongs

  • 13. /eɪ/ eightstraightstay

  • 14. /əʊ/ oakjokeslow

  • 15. /aɪ/ icemicemy

  • 16./aʊ/ outshouthow

  • 17. /ɔɪ/ oilboilboy

  • 18. /ɪə/ earsbeardpeer

  • 19. /eə/ airspairedhare

  • 20. /uə/ curedtour


Consonant sounds of english

Consonant sounds of English

  • initiallymediallyfinally

  • 1. /p/ pin spinkeep

  • 2. /b/ bintubsclub

  • 3. /t/ tell sticklight

  • 4. /d/ day headslaid

  • 5. /k/ keep skillstick

  • 6. /g/getjugsbag


Consonant sounds of english continued

Consonant sounds of English(continued)

  • initiallymediallyfinally

  • 7. /ʧ/ chin reachedteach

  • 8. / ʤ/ jokehingedlarge

  • 9. /m/ metsmoke team

  • 10. /n/ netsnaketin

  • 11. /ŋ/ ringssing

  • 12. /l/ lotflingfull


Consonant sounds of english continued1

Consonant sounds of English(continued)

  • initiallymediallyfinally

  • 13 /f/ fansoftif

  • 14. /v/ vanleavesthief

  • 15. /ɵ/ thinmonthsbath

  • 16./ð/ thenclothesbathe


Consonant sounds of english continued2

Consonant sounds of English(continued)

  • initiallymediallyfinally

  • 17. /s/ siplistless

  • 18. /z/ ziploserbuzz

  • 19. /ʃ/ shiprushedhush

  • 20. /ʒ/ measurerouge


Consonant sounds of english continued3

Consonant sounds of English(continued)

  • initiallymediallyfinally

  • 21. /h/ hotbehave

  • 22. /r/ rottry

  • 23. /w/ wattsweat

  • 24. /j/ yatchtune


Word stress

Two-syllable words

Stress on first syllable

‘bargain

‘govern

‘secret

‘mischief

‘message

‘cabbage

‘surface

‘furnace

‘husband

‘butcher

‘proverb

‘thorough

‘oven

‘onion

‘compass

Word-stress


Word stress continued two syllable words

Stress on second syllable

ad’mit

for’bid

suc’ced

sup’press

po’lice

pay’ee

dis’miss

ag’ree

se’lect

re’quest

pre’fer

re’fer

oc’cur

ar’rest

com’mence

per’haps

Word-stress (continued)Two-syllable words


Word stress continued three syllable words

Stress on first syllable

’advertise

’educate

’illustrate

’furniture

’government

’literature

’recognize

’signature

’tentative

Stress on second syllable

ad’venture

com’mercial

de’cision

ex’ternal

in’ternal

per’mission

re’vision

spec’tator

um’brella

Word-stress (continued)Three-syllable words


Word stress continued three syllable words1

Primary Stress on third syllable

,addres’see

,ciga’rette

,coin’cide

,devo’tee

,engi’neer

,guaran’tee

,recim’mend

Word-stress (continued)Three-syllable words


Word stress continued four syllable words

Primary Stress on first syllable

’applicable

’accurately

’comfortable

’honourable

Primary Stress on second syllable

ad’vertisement

ap’preciate

a’rithmetic

e’xaggerate

par’ticipate

pho’tography

Word-stress (continued)Four-syllable words


Word stress continued four syllable words1

Primary Stress on third syllable

acci’dental

appli’cation

exhi’bition

inde’pendent

indi’vidual

Primary Stress on fourth syllable

dedica’tee

exami’nee

Word-stress (continued)Four-syllable words


Word stress continued words with more than four syllables

Primary Stress on first syllable

‘favouritism

‘cannibalism

‘secularism

Primary Stress on second syllable

ad’venturousness

en’thusiasm

con’servatism

Primary Stress on third syllable

elec’tricity

irre’sponsible

popu’larity

Primary Stress on fourth syllable

acade’mician

civili’zation

pactici’pation

Word-stress (continued)words with more than four syllables


Word stress continued stress change according to part of speech

Word-stress (continued):stress change according to part of speech

  • COMPARE:

    Noun/AdjectiveVerb

  • ’absentab’sent

  • ’accentac’cent

  • ’concertcon’cert

  • ’conflictcon’flict

  • ’exportex’port

  • ’producepro’duce

  • ’subjectsub’ject


Attributes of good oral communication

Attributes of good oral communication

  • 1.Sounds and sound combinations

  • 2. Stress

  • 3. Rhythm

  • 4. Intonation

  • 5. Speed: pausing

  • 6. Clarity of articulation

  • 7. Voice modulation: volume & pitch variation (avoiding “monotonous speech)