Cleantech Workshop San Diego June 09

Cleantech Workshop San Diego June 09 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Outline. Clean/renewable energy technologies (SUnRISE)- bioenergy- energy in the built environment/buildings- microgeneration- wind- wave, tidal and low head hydropower- gas hydrates- fuel cells and storage- clean combustionOther areas of interest. Bioenergy. Joint Research Council funded project on Energy production on farms through anaerobic digestion (

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Cleantech Workshop San Diego June 09

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1. Cleantech Workshop San Diego June 09 University of Southampton: overview of expertise, track record and aspirations

2. Outline Clean/renewable energy technologies (SUnRISE) - bioenergy - energy in the built environment/buildings - microgeneration - wind - wave, tidal and low head hydropower - gas hydrates - fuel cells and storage - clean combustion Other areas of interest

3. Bioenergy

4. Joint Research Council funded project on Energy production on farms through anaerobic digestion (£0.75M, 2007-10) www.AD4RD.soton.ac.uk EU FP6 CROPGEN: Renewable Energy from Crops and Agro-wastes (2.5 M€, 2004-7). 12 partners in 6 countries www.cropgen.soton.ac.uk Focus on integrated farming systems for sustainable food and fuel production Integration with biorefineries and aquatic biomass production Energy from biomass

5. Bioenergy Use of trees for second generation lignocellulosic feedstock for heat, power and liquid transportation Genetic improvement Environmental sustainability – LCA , biodiversity, water, climate change Whole system research Recent Funding £ 4.5 million UKERC Funding – Bioenergy Member of The Porter Alliance for Bioenergy TSEC-BIOSYS – Whole Systems analysis of UK Bioenergy FP6 Funding - POPYOMICS FP6 – EVOLTREE FP7 Funding – ENERGYPOPLAR Department of Energy, DEFRA, BBSRC http://www.sbs.soton.ac.uk/staff/gt/gt.php

6. Energy from municipal and industrial wastes >£1.5M funding in past 4 years (Defra, EPSRC) Focus on AD process optimisation for energy production and digestate quality: kinetic studies, microbiology, modelling From laboratory studies to monitoring of full-scale plants (Biocycle) Leading role in evaluating resource recovery potential from food wastes and establishing mass and energy balances Future plans include improved fundamental understanding of factors causing process instability in high-nitrogen wastes

7. Algal biomass Wide expertise across the university relevant to bioalgae for biofuel Biology, Molecular Biology, Marine Biology Oceanography Process engineering Environmental Sciences Huge global potential to exploit algae - Southampton is UK-leading

8. Energy in the Built Environment: buildings

11. Energy in the Built Environment: transport

13. Fuel consumption can be improved 10-20% just by changing how a vehicle is driven Key areas to change are acceleration, gear changing and braking Other benefits relate to: Reduction in accidents Ride comfort Vehicle wear and tear CO2 and local air quality pollutants No overall increase in journey time Current advice on how to drive to reduce fuel consumption is generalised to cover all vehicles

14. Energy in the Built Environment: microgeneration

17. High-efficiency low-cost photovoltaics

19. Wind power

20. Quantifying the resource Environmental impacts Bird strikes Social acceptability Materials and structures Wind turbines: capabilities If using a school logo, make sure that if you have a long page title, it does not encroach on the logo. Allow about 2cm around the logo. Run the page title onto two lines if necessary. If using a school logo, make sure that if you have a long page title, it does not encroach on the logo. Allow about 2cm around the logo. Run the page title onto two lines if necessary.

21. Wind turbines: capabilities Aeroacoustics Tribology (nCATS) Design optimisation Foundations Grid connection If using a school logo, make sure that if you have a long page title, it does not encroach on the logo. Allow about 2cm around the logo. Run the page title onto two lines if necessary. If using a school logo, make sure that if you have a long page title, it does not encroach on the logo. Allow about 2cm around the logo. Run the page title onto two lines if necessary.

22. Wind energy: projects Data management for COWRIE-Collaborative Offshore Wind Research Into the Environment Vestas Technology Ltd/SEEDA: unsteady aerodynamic gust response and noise Lloyd’s Register UTC in Hydrodynamics, Hydroelasticity and Mechanics of Composites ISSC Committee V4 on Ocean Wind and Wave Energy With RAL on application of infra-red and acoustic emission techniques to blades and Aalborg University on thermal degradation of sandwich structures Electrical Systems and Subsea Cables –SUPERGEN Structural Health Monitoring and Corrosion protection –national centre for advanced tribology

23. Wave, tidal and low head hydropower

25. ANACONDA: all-rubber MW wave power device A flooded rubber tube in the water, anchored head to sea, designed so that the speed of bulge waves matches the speed of water waves.

26. ANACONDA: all-rubber MW wave power device Dimensions of a 1MW Anaconda: 200m long, 7m diameter, 12cm wall Research on the highly novel hydrodynamics of the Anaconda at Southampton is supported by EPSRC (2008-10), Atkins Checkmate SeaEnergy www.bulgewave.com www.checkmateuk.com/seaenergy

27. Ecohydraulics Small, meso, and mega-scale hydropower development Current funded projects: - EU low-head hydropower - Swedish Hydropower Industry - Environment Agency - EPSRC / ESRC

28. Gas hydrates

29. Gas hydrate – A new energy source? Hydrates – an ice-like compound, found only in restricted conditions, such as Artic or deep ocean sediments – recently found in Eastern Margin of India Hydrate contains large volumes of methane gas that has the potential to be future energy resource – quantification and location of hydrate uncertain - How can this potential be realised?

30. Assessment of physical properties – help understand impact of gas hydrates World leading research on dynamic properties of hydrate bearing soils laboratory testing of both artificial and natural sediments numerical modelling of large scale behaviour International research collaborations with National Oceanographic Centre, Fugro McClelland Geoscience (USA), Geotek (UK), Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (India), CISRO (Australia)

31. Fuel cells and storage

32. Fuel Cells Development of Pt-M catalysts for oxygen reduction and hydrogen oxidation in PEM fuel cells (Johnson Matthey/EPSRC) Production and characterization of novel, high surface area platinum deposits on MEAs (Johnson Matthey/EPSRC) Synthesis and characterization of titanium dioxide nanotubes and their Metallization (Royal Society) Development of Biofuel cells (Dstl/EPSRC) Improvements in Borohydride Fuel Cells (DStl) Reaction Engineering Environment in Redox Flow cells (Regenesys Technologies)

33. Accelerated Discovery of Lithium Battery Materials (GR/S27238/01) Novel low temperature synthesis of LiFePO4 materials High Throughput Measurements for material optimisation Results show 90% energy recovery during charge/discharge cycle This shows that the Li-ion battery is the most efficient way of storing energy on the large scale

34. 3D batteries for shape flexibility

35. Spinouts arising from EPSRC projects

36. Clean combustion

37. Clean Combustion Technologies: from W to GW Biomass combustion Coal combustion Hydrogen combustion Oxy-fuel combustion High-efficiency hybrid combustion systems Multi-scale modelling

38. Gas Turbine – Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Hybrid Power System EPSRC grant No. EP/E011640/1 (2007 - 2010)

39. Discrete Particle Modelling of Fluidised Beds EPSRC grant No. EP/G034281/1 (2009 - 2012)

40. Other technologies/areas Ground source heat pump Water resource management Adapting to climate change (Living with Environmental Change) Remediation of contaminated land High speed rail

41. Unrivalled testbed sites……

42. Eco Island Project

43. Cleantech Research At the University of Southampton

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