Bioteknologi Pertanian

Bioteknologi Pertanian PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Tim Pengampu. Prof. Sebastian MarginoProf. Andi TrisyonoDr. TaryonoDr. Donny Widianto. Jadual Kuliah - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Bioteknologi Pertanian

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1. Bioteknologi Pertanian Pengantar

2. Tim Pengampu Prof. Sebastian Margino Prof. Andi Trisyono Dr. Taryono Dr. Donny Widianto

3. Jadual Kuliah & SAP

4. Jadual Kuliah & SAP

5. Buku Acuan Yuwono, T. 2006. Bioteknologi Pertanian. Gadjah Mada Press. Glick, B.R. and J.J. Pasternak. 1994. Molecular Biotechnology: Principles and application of recombinant DNA. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, DC. Watson, J.D., M. Gilman, J. Witkowski, and M. Zoller. 1992. Recombinant DNA. Scientific American Books, New York, USA. Mantell, S.H., J.A. Matthews, and R.A. McKee. 1985. Principles of Plant Biotechnology: an introduction to genetic engineering in plants. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, UK. Brown, C.M., I. Campbell, and F.G. Friest. 1987. Introduction to Biotechnology. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, UK. Smith, J.E. 1985. Biotechnology Principles. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co Ltd., Berkshire, UK. Drlica, K. 1984. Understanding DNA and Gene Cloning. John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, USA.

6. Penilaian Total Nilai Ujian + Mid + Tugas dari 4 dosen dibagi 4 (Rata-rata dari Nilai Dosen I + II + III + IV) Pengharkatan A : > rata-rata kelas + 1,5 x stdev B : < rata-rata kelas + 1,5 x stdev & > rata-rata kelas + 0,5 x stdev C : < rata-rata kelas + 0,5 x stdev & > rata-rata kelas – 0,5 x stdev D : < rata-rata kelas – 0,5 x stdev & > rata-rata kelas – 1,5 x stdev E : < rata-rata kelas – 1,5 x stdev

7. Tata Tertib Tepat waktu, toleransi maks. 15 menit Tidak Berisik HP tidak diaktifkan Hadir minimal 70% Paham bahasa Indonesia & Inggris Baca salah satu / dua buku acuan Kerjakan Tugas, Mid, & Ujian

8. Tujuan Perkuliahan Mengenalkan dan memahamkan bahasa bioteknologi : Kosakata (istilah dalam bioteknologi), tatabahasa (Ilmu & Teknologi pendukung bioteknologi), struktur kalimat (Perakitan jasad rekombinan) dan arti (Manfaat, bioetika)

9. What is Biotechnology ?

10. mouse with human ear

11. Biological production

12. Food & Medicine production

13. Industrial Fermentation

14. What is Biotechnology ? using scientific methods with organisms to produce new products or new forms of organisms any technique that uses living organisms or substances from those organisms to make or modify a product, to improve plants or animals, or to develop micro-organisms for specific uses

15. manipulation of genes is called genetic engineering or recombinant DNA technology genetic engineering involves taking one or more genes from a location in one organism and either Transferring them to another organism Putting them back into the original organism in different combinations What is Biotechnology ?

16. Related Knowledge & Industry

17. Goals of Biotechnology To understand more about the processes of inheritance and gene expression To provide better understanding & treatment of various diseases, particularly genetic disorders To generate economic benefits, including improved plants and animals for agriculture and efficient production of valuable biological molecules

18. Ancient biotechnology- early history as related to food and shelter; Includes domestication Classical biotechnology- built on ancient biotechnology; Fermentation promoted food production, and medicine Modern biotechnology- manipulates genetic information in organism; Genetic engineering biotechnology development

19. History of Domestication and Agriculture Paleolithic peoples began to settle and develop agrarian societies about 10,000 years ago Early farmers in the Near East cultivated wheat, barley, and possibly rye 7,000 years ago, pastoralists roamed the Sahara region of Africa with sheep, goats, cattle, and also hunted and used grinding stones in food preparation Early farmers arrived in Egypt 6,000 years ago with cattle, sheep, goats, and crops such as barley, emmer, and chick-pea Archaeologists have found ancient farming sites in the Americas, the Far East, and Europe ancient biotech

20. classical biotech Describes the development that fermentation has taken place from ancient times to the present Top fermentation - developed first, yeast rise to top 1833 - Bottom fermentation - yeast remain on bottom 1886 – Brewing equipment made by E.C. Hansen and still used today World War I – fermentation of organic solvents for explosives (glycerol) World War II – bioreactor or fermenter: Antibiotics Cholesterol – Steroids Amino acids

21. old biotech meets new Fermentation and genetic engineering have been used in food production since the 1980s Genetically engineered organisms are cultured in fermenters and are modified to produce large quantities of desirable enzymes, which are extracted and purified Enzymes are used in the production of milk, cheese, beer, wine, candy, vitamins, and mineral supplements Genetic engineering has been used to increase the amount and purity of enzymes, to improved an enzyme’s function, and to provide a more cost-efficient method to produce enzymes. Chymosin, used in cheese production, was one of the first produced

22. first DNA cloning

23. Summary of biotechnology development 1750: B.C. Sumerians Brew Beer 1944: DNA confirmed as genetic material 1967: First protein synthesized by automation 1973: First recombinant DNA experiment by Cohen and Boyer 1973: Voluntary moratorium on certain cloning experiments 1974: Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee founded at NIH 1976: NIH Guidelines established 1980: Boyer Cohen patent issued (shared equally between Boyer, UCSF, Cohen, and Stanford) 1982: 1st animal vaccine made by DNA recombinant technology 1985: DNA Finger printing by Alec Jeffreys

24. Summary of biotechnology development 1987: First authorized field test of a GMO-Frostban, Adv. Genetic Sciences 1988: PCR developed by K. Mullis 1990: 1st Gene Therapy Trials in U.S. 1994: Flavr Savr Tamato- Calgene 1995: 1st DNA sequences of free-living organism completed 1996: Human Genome Project under way 1997:Dolly-First cloned mammal 2000: Human Genome sequence is complete 3 billion bases, 2 yrs ahead of schedule 2001: Copy Cat, Cloning pets for profit. 2002: First Human Clone? 2003: Dolly is put down, Final version of Human DNA Sequence published.

25. Organisms involved in biotechnology

26. Biotechnology in Agriculture

27. Drought-tolerance in APX-expressing plants

28. Insect Resistance

29. Resistance to Fungal Disease

30. Viral Resistance

31. Herbicide Resistance

32. Modification of Cotton Fiber Length

33. Biotechnology in Health

34. Vitamin fortified staple food

35. Edible Vaccines – A Biopharming

36. Biotechnology in Husbandry

37. Biotechnology in Environment

38. Biotechnology in Environment

39. Biotechnology in Environment

42. Biotechnology in Indonesia ?

43. Report on Adoption of Plant Biotech

44. Report on Adoption of Plant Biotech

45. End

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